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CLIP 14212

Cyrus and Croesus

Cyrus and Croesus
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Key Info
  • Cyrus and Croesus
  • Duration: 03:59
  • The most famous of the Persian rulers was King Cyrus, also known as 'Cyrus the Great'. Though Cyrus was as ruthless and warmongering as many other ancient tyrants, he was also open to the cultural and religious influences of the people he conquered. In 547 BC, Cyrus defeated the small but very wealthy kingdom of Lydia by taking its capital Sardis and capturing its king Croesus. The Lydians and Croesus had grown fabulously rich by refining the silver and gold deposits of the river Pactolus into the first gold coins of a reliable weight and purity. But instead of putting Croesus to death, Cyrus appointed him as his advisor. Cyrus didn't just get wise advice from Croesus, the Persians also picked up the Lydian's great invention: currency. First broadcast on 'Andrew Marr's History of the World' on BBC One in November 2012.
  • Subject:

    Classical Studies

       Topic:

    Ancient Persia

  • Keywords: AndrewMarrsHistoryoftheWorld, HistoryoftheWorld, Andrew Marr, Persia, Cyrus, Croesus, Lydia, currency, gold, Sardis, Herodotus
Ideas for use in class
  • Useful insight into the growing power of the Persian Empire in the eastern Mediterranean. Could be used to start a discussion about whether empires have grown stronger by absorbing ideas and culture or by destroying them and imposing their own culture. Could be used in conjunction with clips 11835 and 11834 from 'A History of the World in 100 Objects'. Teachers should note that while Herodotus claims Croesus was pardoned by Cyrus other sources suggest he was executed.
Background details
  • Clip language : English
  • Aspect ratio : 16x9

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