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CLIP 10211

The Six-Day War and the PLO

The Six-Day War and the PLO
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Key Info
  • The Six-Day War and the PLO
  • Duration: 04:23
  • A look at the Six-Day War (1967). Russian intelligence had reported to Syria of massing Israeli troops on the border readying for an invasion of Syria. This was false and was a test of American support for Israel. Syria believed the intelligence and quickly moved to join with Egypt in preparation for war. Video footage shows Israel acting pre-emptively, routing the Egyptian air force on the ground, destroying their tanks in the Sinai and Gaza, and also shows Syria losing the Golan heights and the Jordanians relinquishing East Jerusalem. The war was over in just 6 days, Jerusalem was declared the capital of the Israel and the country had quadrupled in size. The war was swift and brought a number of problems. Firstly, the mass exodus of Palestinian refugees over the border into refugee camps is an ever present problem. Secondly, it confirmed Israeli dominance in the region that Arab nations now had to recognise. Finally, even though Arab armies were far larger in size it revealed them to be poorly equiped and poorly led. Such a power-vacuum allowed for the disparate PLO to ignite the cause for Palestinian revival. We see Yasser Arafat, the leader of the newly forming PLO, talking in of a Palestinian fight back against Israeli targets but their tactics in the 1970s of hijacking and bombing were too violent to gain the support they sought.
  • Credits: ITN Source/Granada, ITN Source/Reuters, Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive, Egypt State Information Service, United Studios Film & Video Archive, Israel Defence Forces, Israel Film Service, Abamedia LP.
  • Subject:

    History

       Topic:

    The Middle East from the 1880s

  • Keywords: PLO, Palestine Liberation Organisation, 6-Day War, Israel, Egypt, Yasser Arafat, Syria, Jordan, Sinai
Ideas for use in class
  • This is a good starter clip for students to understand the significance of the Six Day War and its impact on the region (a) militarily and (b) geographically. Students can make a list of the significant events of 1967 and consider the consequences afterwards.
Background details
  • Clip language : English
  • Aspect ratio : 16x9

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