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What's the weather like where you live? In this session we take a look at weather forecasting and learn some useful vocabulary for talking about the weather.

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6 Minute Vocabulary

Weather words

Windy, snowy, wet, hot - how do you describe the weather? The British love to talk about it so there's no surprise there are many words you can use. Rob and Catherine are here to help you in this week's 6 Minute Vocabulary.

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Hiển thị văn bản ghi âm (hay video) Giấu văn bản ghi âm (hay video)

Rob
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Rob...

Catherine
And I'm Catherine. And our topic today is weather. Now Rob, apparently, British people love to talk about the weather. Do you think that's true?

Rob
Absolutely, you know me, I'm talking about it all the time. And in today's programme, we'll look at some key weather vocabulary and show you how to use it in different types of sentences.

Catherine
There'll be a quiz...

Rob
And we'll give you a top tip to help you learn vocabulary more effectively. 

Catherine
So, on with the show! We'll start by listening to Harvey, talking about the weather where he lives. And we have a question for you at home.

Rob
The question is: what is the weather like for Harvey in spring?

INSERT
Harvey
I live in the north. I love it here, but the weather isn't too good. There's a lot of rain in the autumn and winter. In fact, it's raining right now. Sometimes it snows in the winter. In the spring the weather's usually quite windy. But it's lovely and sunny in summer. 

Rob

So, that's Harvey. And we asked you about the weather in spring. What's it like?

Catherine

Harvey said that the weather gets quite windy in spring.

Rob

Well done if you got that right. And we'll talk more about windy weather later. First, let's talk about the rain! Listen to this clip:

INSERT        
There's a lot of rain in the autumn and winter.

Catherine

In this sentence, rain is a noun, so in a sentence, we can say there is a lot of rain, or we can add a main verb, for example: I like rain. Rob - how do you feel about rain?

Rob
I hate rain because I like to do a lot of cycling and when it rains I get wet. But the word rain can also be a verb. For example: it rains a lot here in London; in fact, look out the window: it's raining now!

Catherine
It's always raining in London! And can add a letter 'y' to the end of rain to make the adjective rainy. Rob, do you use an umbrella on rainy days?

Rob
No I don't, I wear a coat - more practical. 

Catherine
More 'blokey'!

Rob
More 'blokey', yes.  So that's the noun - rain; the verb - rain; and the adjective - rainy. The word snow works in the same way. Listen to this another clip. 

INSERT
Sometimes it snows in the winter.

Catherine
Sometimes it snows in winter. The word snow there is a verb.

Rob
As a noun, we can say: sometimes there is snow.

Catherine
Or we can add the letter 'y' to make an adjective. Sometimes it's snowy.

Rob
Good. Now for another clip. Here's Harvey talking about the weather in Spring.

INSERT
In the spring the weather's usually quite windy.

Catherine
In the spring the weather's usually quite windy. In this sentence, windy is an adjective.

Rob
We can also use the word wind as a noun. Is there much wind today Catherine? 

Catherine

There's quite a lot actually, I got quite blown around. So that's wind as a noun and windy as an adjective, but we can't use wind as a verb. You have to use a different verb like blow. The wind is blowing very hard today...

Rob

Right. And the word sun is the same. It's a noun:

Catherine

The sun is hot...

Rob

It can make an adjective:

Catherine

It's lovely and sunny...

Rob

But it isn't a verb. You need a different word for that.

Catherine

The sun is shining, even though it isn't!

IDENT          
6 Minute Vocabulary from BBC Learning English.

Rob

And we're looking at weather words. OK, it's quiz time! Are these sentences correct or wrong? Number one. It's sunning today.

Catherine
That's wrong. You can't say it's sunning, because sun isn't a verb. Instead, say it's sunny or the sun is shining. 

Rob
Number two. There was a lot of snow last week.

Catherine
And that's correct.

Rob

Here comes the last one. I don't like windy.

Catherine

And that's also wrong. Windy is an adjective, so we need to add a noun here. Say: I don't like windy weather. Or, use wind as a noun and say: I don't like wind. 

Rob

And that's the end of the quiz. Well done if you got those right. And we've just got time for a top tip for learning vocabulary. 

Catherine

We have Rob, and this is it: when you learn a new word for the first time, you'll learn it more effectively if you use it a few times in the first 24 hours. So, if you learn a new word in the morning Rob, look it up again in the evening before you go to sleep.

Rob
I'll do that. Thank you! There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again soon for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

Both
Bye!

Download

You can download 6 Minute Vocabulary from our Unit 16 Downloads page (size 13.4MB). Remember, you can also subscribe to the podcast version

End of Session 1

That's it for Session 1. We hope you feel  more confident about talking about the weather and know that predicting – or forecasting – it can be, well, unpredictable! That's why in Session 2 we'll be explaining how to use the words may, might and could for probable and future situations. See you there!

Session Vocabulary

  • Vocabulary points to take away
    noun - verb - adjective

    rain - rain - rainy
    There is a lot of rain; It rains a lot; It's very rainy

    snow - snow - snowy
    There is a bit of snow; It snows in winter; It's a bit snowy

    wind - blow - windy
    I don't like wind; The wind blew the trees over; It's always windy

    sun - shine - sunny
    The sun is hot today; I wear sunglasses when the sun shines; It's sunny today