Phần 7

Robots can often look like humans, but how does this make us feel? Listen on to learn great language around this topic.
माणसासारख्या दिसणाऱ्या रोबोबद्दल तुम्हाला काय वाटतं? आजच्या भागात याबद्दलची रंजक माहिती ऐकू.

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What happens when we see robots that look like us?

Robots can often look like humans, but how does this make us feel? Listen on to learn great language around this topic.
माणसासारख्या दिसणाऱ्या रोबोबद्दल तुम्हाला काय वाटतं? आजच्या भागात याबद्दलची रंजक माहिती ऐकू.

Before you listen/Pre-listening

Consider the following questions:
1) What image do you think of when you hear the word ‘robot’?
2) How would a robot with a human face and body make you feel?

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Hiển thị văn bản ghi âm (hay video) Giấu văn bản ghi âm (hay video)

Tejali
Hello! ऐकलंत का? Listen Here! मध्ये तुमचं स्वागत. बीबीसीच्या बातम्या तर तुम्ही नेहमीच ऐकता, पण Listen Hereमध्ये आपण या बातम्यांमधल्या निरनिराळ्या शब्दांबद्दल आपण जाणून घेतो. मी तेजाली...

Tom
And I’m Tom, hi everyone!

Tejali

Let me ask you a question. Do you like robots?

Tom
Robots? I suppose – think about all the robots in factories. They’re useful.

Tejali
What about if a robot looks like a friend, or a parent?

Tom
Agh, no! That’s really weird.

Tejali
I thought you might say that! Today’s clip is from BBC Radio 4’s The Why Factor. आजचे वक्ते मानसशास्त्रज्ञ आहेत. रोबोंना मानवासारखं रुपडं देऊन त्यांना जास्त relatable बनवण्याच्या प्रयत्नाबद्दल त्या बोलत आहेत, म्हणजे ज्यांच्याशी माणूस काही संबंध जोडू शकतो, ज्यात त्याला काहीतरी साम्य दिसतं. लक्ष द्या,अशा मानवासारख्या दिसणाऱ्या रोबोंमुळे माणसाला जे वाटतं ते सांगण्यासाठी त्यांनी कुठला शब्द वापरलाय?

Clip one
The overall idea of making something relatable is a good one. But it’s when those features become almost too close for comfort that they become unsettling rather than friendly and welcoming. There is a point at which rather than liking them more you start to reject them.

Tom

She said we can find robots ‘unsettling’. When they look like us, they’re ‘too close for comfort’.

Tejali
Unsettling म्हणजे अस्वस्थ करणारं. ‘Too close for comfort’ चा अर्थ होतो भीतीदायक किंवा घाबरवणारं. एखादी गोष्ट एकदम जवळ आल्यावर आपल्याला भीती वाटते, अशा वेळी ‘too close for comfort’ वापरतात.  

Tom
So, if my boss began to ask me about my love life, that might be ‘too close for comfort’.

Tejali
बरोबर

Tom
I also like her expression, ‘there is a point at which’. This expression suggests a change in something.

Tejali
Right! इथे तिचं मत बदललं आहे. ती म्हणाली यामुळे रोबो जास्त आवडण्याऐवजी त्याच्याबद्दल भिती वाटायला लागली.  That’s the point at which we change our opinion, right?

Tom
Correct!

Tejali
OK. There’s a point at which we need to move on. आता पुढचं ऐकू.  रोबोंमुळे आपल्या भावनांवर काय परिणाम झाला?

Insert
So, if you imagine a typical factory robot, you don’t really think of it as a person. If you then humanise that by making it more friendly, giving it, eventually, a face and hair and smiling eyes, you would expect that your liking for it would just continue to increase.  But it actually doesn’t. There’s a point at which your emotional response dips off sharply and rather than it being appealing, you really don’t like it, you want it to go away.

Tom
She talks about our emotional response to robots. She says our emotional response  ‘dips off sharply’ when we see humanised robots.
 
Tejali
To humanise म्हणजे मानवीकरण. मानवासारखे दिसणारे रोबो बनवायच्या प्रक्रियेला त्यांनी  to humaniseहे नवा दिलंय. Dip off याचा इंग्रजी समानार्थी शब्द आहे ‘decline’ ज्याचा अर्थ होतो घसरण होणे, कमी होणे. It’s commonly used with the adverb, sharply.

Tom
So, when our emotions dip off, they decline sharply.

Tejali
I hope our audience numbers don’t dip off sharply! लोकांना मानवासारखे दिसणारे रोबो आवडतील, असं या शास्त्रज्ञांनी गृहीत धरलंय. यासाठी त्यांनी ‘would’चा वापर केलाय, पण ‘would’ ते त्यांनी कसं म्हटलंय?? ऐका.

Insert
If you then humanise that by making it more friendly, giving it, eventually, a face and hair and smiling eyes, you would expect that your liking for it would just continue to increase. 

Tom
She uses would, a short form of would. Say it with me.

expect
would expect
you would expect

I would expect you’d like to continue?

Tejali
Thanks, पण संपवण्याआधी त्या वक्त्यांनी परस्पर विरोधी कल्पना सांगण्यासाठी त्यांनी कुठले शब्द वापरले ते आपल्याला समजून घ्यायचं आहे. ही दोन वाक्य ऐका. परस्पर विरोधी कल्पना सांगण्यासाठी त्यांनी कुठले शब्द वापरलेत?

Insert
There is a point at which rather than liking them more you start to reject them.

There’s a point at which your emotional response dips off sharply and rather than it being appealing, you really don’t like it, you want it to go away.

Tom
She says rather than!

Tejali
Rather thanचा वापर केला परस्परविरोधी कल्पना सांगण्यासाठी. Tom, rather than continuing, perhaps we should try to finish today’s show?

Tom
Well, I’d prefer to continue rather than stop, but that’s OK. All this talk about human robots is making me feel very unsettled.

Tejali
Thanks for joining us everyone! पुन्हा भेटूया Listen here च्या पुढच्या भागात. Bye!

Language features

Listen to today’s clip in full here
Source: The Why Factor

too close for comfort
If something is too close for comfort, it makes us feel worried or frightened because it is very close to us. We can use this expression to describe things which are physically close to us.

  • That car nearly hit me! It was too close for comfort!

We can also use it figuratively to suggest unwanted familiarity or similarity.

  • Robots with faces scare me. They look a little too close for comfort!

a point at which
A point at which is a fixed expression which suggests an instance immediately before change. We can use this expression in different tenses by changing the form of [to be] which comes before.

  • I like working freelance, but now I’ve had a son I work full-time. There’s a point at which one needs a stable income.
  • After being with my husband for ten years, there was a point at which I wanted to be free. We are now divorced.

rather than
We use rather than to introduce a contrasting idea. It is often used with parallel structures. A parallel structure is when two things (nouns, adjectives etc.) are directly contrasted to each other.

  • Rather than going to the cinema, let’s go the restaurant.
  • I prefer drinking tea rather than coffee.

What happens when we see robots that look like us?

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
योग्य उत्तर निवडा.

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Join us for our next episode of Listen Here! when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Listen Hereचे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयांवर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Vocabulary

  • robots
    यंत्रमानव

    relatable
    संबंध जोडता येऊ शकणारे

    unsettling
    अस्वस्थ करणारे

    to dip off
    कमी होणे

    to humanise
    मानवीकरण