Phần 29

Meat and vegetables have very distinct flavours – so how can we make vegetables taste like meat? Listen Here to find out!
मांस आणि भाज्यांची चव पूर्णपणे वेगळी असते. मग साधसुध्या बर्गरला हॅमबर्गरची चव कशी काय येते? ऐका आजच्या भागात.

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How can vegetables taste like meat?

In this episode of Listen Here we look into how American scientists have created a meatless burger that tastes just as good as a real burger.

अमेरिकेतील शास्त्रज्ञांनी अगदी खऱ्याखुऱ्या हॅमबर्गरसारखी चव असणारं पूर्णपणे शाकाहारी बर्गर बनवलंय. जाणून घेऊ त्याबद्दल आजच्या भागात.

Before you listen

Consider the following questions:
-Do you eat mostly meat, vegetables, or a mix of both?
-Could you become vegan?

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Hiển thị văn bản ghi âm (hay video) Giấu văn bản ghi âm (hay video)

Tejali
Hello ऐकलंत का? Listen Here! मध्ये तुमचं स्वागत मी तेजाली आणि माझ्यासोबत आहे टॉम आणि फिल.

Tom
Hi everyone, I'm Tom.

Phil
And I'm Phil, welcome back. So Tom, what do you think of this trend in veganism that's really taking off in the UK at the moment?

Tom
Well, I don't eat meat, so I think vegan food's great!

Tejali
'Veganism' म्हणजे शाकाहार. 'Take off' म्हणजे प्रसिद्धी मिळणे. गेल्या काही वर्षांत vegan food बरंच प्रसिद्ध झालंय. पण जर मी तुला म्हणाले की तुला चिकन न खाताही त्याचा आस्वाद घेता येईल, तर तुला काय वाटेल?

Tom
I would say 'that sounds great!' Tell me more.

Phil
Oh, I've heard about this – a US company called Impossible Foods are trying to create meat products without any meat. But I can't imagine that they  taste anything like real meat.

Tejali
आपण एक मुलाखत ऐकणार आहोत. यात 'The Impossible Burger' बद्दल बोलतायंत. हे impossible अशासाठी कारण ते पूर्णपणे वनस्पतीपासून बनवलं आहे. पूर्णपणे शाकाहारी आहे. यातल्या कुठल्या दोन गोष्टी अगदी खऱ्याखुऱ्या चिकन किंवा हॅमबर्गरसारख्या वाटतात?

Insert
The experience of cooking it is very much like the experience of cooking a real hamburger. And then when it comes to the actual eating, the textures and flavours, again, are very similar to the flavours you would get in ordinary beef. In fact, a lot of chefs will say that they really like certain aspects of the Impossible Burger better than they like aspects of a real meat burger.

Tom
He says that the texture and the flavour of the Impossible Burger are very similar to a real burger.

Tejali
'Texture' म्हणजे पोत. 'Flavour' म्हणजे चव. He even said that some chefs prefer the ‘Impossible Burger’ to a real burger!

Phil
Well that's quite impressive – if real chefs prefer it, it must be quite authentic.

Tejali
'Authentic' म्हणजे अस्सल, खरं. आता हा भाग ऐका, यात 'the' आणि 'a' कसे वापरलेत, याकडे ध्यान द्या.
 
Insert
In fact, a lot of chefs will even say that they really like certain aspects of the Impossible Burger better than they like aspects of a real meat burger.

Phil
The speaker says 'the Impossible Burger', but 'an ordinary burger'. Why does he use 'an', or 'a' and 'the' at different points in his sentence, Tom?

Tom
Well, the speaker uses 'the' when talking about the Impossible Burger because he is talking about one specific, unique burger. But when talking about real meat burgers, he uses 'a', because there's lots of real meat burgers, he's talking about any real meat burger and not just one specific type.

Tejali
इंग्लिशमध्ये विशिष्ट वस्तूचा उल्लेख करण्यासाठी 'the' वापरतात. उदाहरणार्थ 'the Queen' किंवा 'the President’.  सामान्यत: कशाबद्दल बोलायचं असेल तर 'a' वापरतात. आता या बर्गरची चव चिकनसारखी का लागते? 'Molecule' म्हणजे रेणू, तर  'chemical reaction' म्हणजे रासायनिक प्रतिक्रिया.

Insert
No one had really understood what it is that makes meat taste like meat in the first place.
And Harold, this is the molecule called 'heme' and it creates a chemical reaction with other nutrients when cooked to create the flavour that we're familiar with, the flavour of meat. But Pat Brown knew heme could also be found in plants, particularly the root system of the soya plant.

Tom
So, there's a molecule which is found both in meat and plants, and is the key ingredient to the flavour of meat.

Tejali
'The' आणि 'a' चा वापर कसा याची काही उदाहरणे ऐकू.

Insert
It creates a chemical reaction with other nutrients when cooked to create the flavour that we're familiar with, the flavour of meat.

Phil
The speaker says 'a chemical reaction', talking about one, unspecific chemical reaction. However, he later says 'the flavour', because he is talking about the specific, unique flavour of meat.

Tom
And, in the last clip, there were two interesting words we can look at for pronunciation – familiar and flavour. Can you explain please, Phil?

Phil
Yeah, the sound we have is 'uh'. So you have 'uh', flavour, and 'uh', familiar. Now, you hear this sound a lot in English it's also in 'water'.

Tejali
म्हणजे जर तुम्हाला मांसाहार सोडायचा असेल किंवा तुम्ही मांसाहार सोडला आणि तरीही तुम्हाला चिकनची चव आवडत असेल तर हे तुम्ही Impossible Burger खाऊन बघायलाच हवं. आज आपण शिकलो 'veganism'म्हणजे शाकाहार, 'take off' म्हणजे प्रसिद्धी, 'texture' म्हणजे पोत, 'flavour' म्हणजे चव, authentic' म्हणजे अस्सल, 'molecule' म्हणजे रेणू आणि 'chemical reaction' म्हणजे रासायनिक प्रतिक्रिया. पुन्हा भेटू Listen here च्या पुढच्या भागात. Bye.

Source: What Delicious Future

Language features

Articles

Definite Article

'The' इंग्रजीत वेगवेगळ्या प्रकारे वापरतात.
1) महत्वाचा गोष्टींबद्दल बोलताना
e.g. the queen, the moon

2) जेव्हा तुम्ही एखाद्या विशिष्ट वस्तूचा उल्लेख करत असता
I went to the shop. (the shop I always go to)
Have you seen the cat? (my cat)

3) ज्या गोष्टीचा आधीच उल्लेख झाला आहे तिच्याबद्दल बोलताना
e.g. I saw a dog. The dog was small and black.

4) superlatives म्हणजे विशेषणाच्या तमवाचक रूपासोबत.  
e.g. the biggest/the richest/the best

Indefinite Articles

इंग्रजीतील व्यंजनाने सुरू होणाऱ्या शब्दांच्या आधी 'a' येतं

तर स्वराने सुरू होणाऱ्या शब्दाच्या आधी 'an' वापरतात. एकवचनी शब्दासाठीच a किंवा an वापरतात.

उदाहरणार्थ

1) ढोबळमानाने वस्तूबद्दल बोलताना
e.g. Do you have a pen? (any pen)
2) एकवचनी शब्द
e.g. There's a cup on the desk. (one cup)

No article

1)सामान्यपणे गोष्टींचे संदर्भ देताना
e.g. Penguins live in the Antarctic. (all penguins)

2) भाववाचक नाम वापरताना
e.g. Happiness is important. ('happiness' is an idea, not a thing

How can vegetables taste like meat?

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
योग्य उत्तर निवडा.

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Join us for our next episode of Listen Here! when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Listen Hereचे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयांवर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Vocabulary

  • veganism
    शाकाहार

    take off
    प्रसिद्ध होणे

    carnivore
    carnivore

    texture
    पोत

    flavour
    चव

    authentic
    अस्सल

    molecule
    रेणू

    chemical reaction
    रासायनिक प्रक्रिया