Phần 26

Going to restaurants can be a wonderful experience… until the bill arrives! In today’s episode we are talking about the cultural issues surrounding who pays the bill.

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How to split the bill

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

  • stingy
  • eat out

Quiz

Which of these three countries spend the most amount of money on eating out?

a) Japan
b) Spain
c) France

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

Hiển thị văn bản ghi âm (hay video) Giấu văn bản ghi âm (hay video)

ዘሩባቤል
ሰላም! ስለ ወቅታዊ ጉዳዮች የምናወራበትና የትኞቹን ቃላት መጠቀም እንዳለብን ወደ ምንማረበት English Together እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ዘሩባቤል እባላው። አብረውኝ. . .

Sian
Hi, I’m Sian.

Tom
Hi, I’m Tom.

ዘሩባቤል
Tom, are you O.K.?  

Tom
Well, I’ve just had lunch with Sian.

ዘሩባቤል
Oh nice! Where did you go? 

Sian
We went for a Chinese, but Tom’s upset because of the bill. He’s being really stingy.

ዘሩባቤል
‘Stingy’ ገንዘብ የማያወጣ ማለት ነው። was the bill a lot?

Tom
You mean Sian’s bill. She ordered far more than me, and then insisted that we split the bill!

ዘሩባቤል
That sounds like a delicate situation! የዛሬው ጥያቄ ምግብ ውጪ ስለመመገብ ነው። በEuromonitor International መረጃ መሰረት የየትኛው ሃገር ሰው ምግብ ውጪ ለመመገብ ብዙ ብር ያወጣል?

ሀ) ጃፓን

ለ) ስፔን )

ሐ) ፈረንሳይ

መልሱን በኋላ ላይ እንነግሮታለን።

Sian
I’d say France! They’re famous for their food. They must eat out a lot!

Tom
Well, maybe you should move there then, Sian. Why don’t you go to France? They probably won’t mind how much you order.

Sian
Oh, Tom, will you give it a rest!

ዘሩባቤል
በነገራችን ላይ ምግብ ቤት ውስጥ የምንከፍለውን ገንዘብ የምንከፋፍለበት መንገድ በቅርቡ የዜና ሽፋን አግኝቶ ነበር። የዛሬውን ጥንቅር ከBBC Radio 4’s The Psychology of Money. የተገኘ ነው። ስለምንበላው ምግብና ስለምንከፍለው ገንዘብ ምን ይላሉ?

Presenter
I think we need some expert advice here, and professor, Yuri Ganeesi is the man for the job.

Guest
If I’m thinking about taking about another glass of wine that will cost, say $15 and there are five people in the party, then if I pay for it myself, I think 'Oh, it’s $15, is it worth it?' But if I know that it's going to be divided by five, then I say 'Oh, my extra payment for this glass of wine is only $3, I might as well take it!' And that way, people end up consuming much more. The problem is, of course, that everyone is using this kind of thinking and, at the end, you end up with a much higher bill.

Tom
Hmm, interesting. Correct me if I’m wrong, but I think that what the professor’s saying is that the more people go out for a meal, the more food they order?

Sian
That’s right! People assume that if the bill if being divided, they will end up paying less.

Tom

I still think it’s bad form, though.

ዘሩባቤል
‘Bad form’ በማህበረሰብ ተቀባይነት ያገኙ አስተሳሰቦችን መጣስ ማለት ነው። . Why do you think it’s bad form, Tom? 

Tom
It’s bad form because you’re expecting people to pay for your own expensive choices! I think it’s just gluttony, plain and simple!

ዘሩባቤል
‘Gluttony’, ሆዳምነት ማለት ነው። I think gluttony might be too strong a word, Tom.

Sian
Yes, everybody makes mistakes! It doesn’t mean they’re gluttonous. Sometimes people might just round down the prices, or forget their side dishes.

ዘሩባቤል
‘Round down’ ማጠጋጋት ማለት ነው። Perhaps they should try rounding their prices up, instead?

Tom
Exactly! So how do people share the bill where you are?

ዘሩባቤል
እኛም ሃገር ሰዎች ለተመገቡት ምግብ አዋጥተው መክፈል ጀምረዋል።

Sian
And whilst we’re talking about eating habits in different countries, why don’t you tell us the answer to today’s quiz?

ዘሩባቤል
Ah yes! ጥያቄው የየትኛው ሃገር ሰው ምግብ ውጪ ለመመገብ ብዙ ብር ያወጣል ነበር። መልሱ  ሐ) ስፔን ሲሆን፤ በአመት እስከ 2184 ዶላር ይከፍላሉ።

Sian
You see, Tom! I bet the Spanish don’t have scruples about ordering!

ዘሩባቤል
Scruples የህሊና ጥያቄ ማለት ነው

Tom
Well, they probably split the bill fairly, Sian! You weren’t very scrupulous about ordering earlier, were you?

Sian
Honestly! I can’t believe this. I just like to splash out on a meal sometimes!

ዘሩባቤል
‘Splash out’ ብዙ ገንዘብ ማውጣት ማለት ነው። OK. I have an idea, why don’t we all go out after recording and really splash out?!

Tom
Great! And this time, if I’m only paying a fraction of the bill, I’ll order everything on the menu, just like Sian did at lunchtime.

Sian
It was delicious!

ዘሩባቤል
ቶም ያወጣውን ገንዘብ የሚያስመልስ ይመስላል። እርሶስ?  ‘stingy’ ለምግብ ብዙ መክፈል አይወዱም ወይስ ‘splash out’ ብዙ ገንዘብ ይከፍላሉ? ሌላ ያየናቸው ቃላት ‘gluttony’ ሆዳምነት እና ‘bad form’ በማህበረሰብ ተቀባይነት ያገኙ አስተሳሰቦችን መጣስ ናቸው። Thanks for joining us and see you next time for more English Together! Bye!

Meaning & Use

stingy (adjective)

Stingy is an adjective which describes someone who does not like spending money, and is not generous. 
He is really stingy so he never buys anyone a present.
Let's buy that car - don't be so stingy!

bad form (noun)

Bad form refers to an action that is socially unacceptable.
In some countries, it is bad form not to give a tip in a restaurant.
In Britain, it is bad form to visit someone without telling them first.

gluttony (noun)

Gluttony refers to excessive greed relating to food and drink.
You shouldn't have eaten all that - it's just gluttony!
That meal was just pure gluttony - I've never eaten so much!

scruples (noun)

If someone has scruples, it means that they are honest. 
It would have been easy to get free food, but her scruples didn't let her take any.
I would hand in any money I found in the street - I still have my scruples!

splash out (verb)

If you splash out on something, you spend a large amount of money, usually on something you like.
I'm going to splash out on a holiday this summer.
I splashed out on a new dress for the wedding.

How to split the bill

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ

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Over to you!

Do you think it's fair to split the bill? Are you stingy, or do you like to splash out? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ English Together ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Session Vocabulary

  • stingy
    ገንዘብ የማያወጣ

    eat out
     
    ውጪ መመገብ

    bad form

    ተቀባይነት ያላቸውን አስተሳሰቦች መጣስ

    gluttony

    ሆዳምነት 

    round up
    ማጠጋጋት

    round down
    ማጠጋጋት

    scruple

    የህሊና ጥያቄ

    splash out
    ብዙ ገንዘብ ማውጣት