Phần 18

Plastic Bottle Panic!
In today’s episode we are talking about the issues surrounding bottled drinks and the environment.

የፕላስቲክ ጥርሙሶች ፍራቻ!
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን ከታሸጉ መጠጦች እና ከአካባቢ ጋር የተያያዙ ጉዳዮችን እናወራለን።

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    Bài tập 1

Bài tập 1

Plastic bottle panic

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • degradable
  • fizzy drinks
  • recycle

Quiz

How many plastic water bottles are thrown away daily in the U.S.A.?

a) 10 million
b) 20 million
c) 60 million

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

Hiển thị văn bản ghi âm (hay video) Giấu văn bản ghi âm (hay video)

ምህረት
ሃይ፥ ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ምህረት እባላለሁ። አብሮኝ/አብራኝ …… አለ/አለች።

Sam
Hello, I'm Sam.

Phil 
Hi, I'm Phil.

ምህረት
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን በአሁኑ ጊዜ ከፍተኛ የሆነ አትኩሮት እየተሰጠው ስላለ አንድ ጉዳይ እንነጋገራለን፤ እርሱም የፕላስቲክ ጠርሙሶች ምርት እና አወጋገድ ነው። የዛሬ ጥያቄ ይሄ ነው፤ የአሜሪካው መንግስታዊ ያልሆነ ድርጅት ኮንቴነር ሪሳይክሊንግ ኢንስቲቲዩት እንደሚለው በዩኤስ አሜሪካ ውስጥ በየቀኑ ምን ያህል የውሃ መያዣ የፕላስቲክ ጠርሙሶች የሚወረወር ይመስልዎታል?

ሀ) 10 ሚሊዮን

ለ) 20 ሚሊዮን

ሐ) 60 ሚሊዮን

Sam
Wow, those numbers are huge!

Phil
Well, there are a lot of thirsty people out there! What else are they supposed to drink?

ምህረት
Yes, here in Ethiopia plastic bottle consumption is very high. What's it like where you are in the U.K.?

Sam
Well, almost every shop in the UK sells cheap, bottled water. People drink a lot of it. Water is also much cheaper than sugared drinks, so many people think this is a good way of helping to stop obesity.

ምህረት
Yes, 'obesity'. ያለቅጥ ከፍተኛ የሆነ ውፍረት ማለት ነው። እስኪ በመጀመሪያ You and Yoursየተሰኘ የቢቢሲ የወቅታዊ ጉዳዮች ዝግጅት በታሸጉ መጠጦች፥ በጤና በአካባቢ ላይ የሚደርግ ውይይትን ቀንጭበን እናዳምጥ።

News insert
Well this is a perfect illustration of the range of bottled water you can buy these days. I'm in a medium-sized supermarket and I've just counted twenty-two different brands of bottled water on the shelves in front of me; that's not including the supermarket's own brand and it's not including the various flavoured waters that you can find. Supporters say the rise of bottled water is good for the economy and has manifest health benefits over sugared drinks, which have been blamed for the obesity epidemic. But environmentalists say it's wasteful, and that most plastic bottles are never recycled.

Sam
Hmm, it sounds like we might not think enough about the consequences of the bottles we use.

ምህረት
I agree, Sam. 'Consequences'.  መዘዞች ማለት ነው። You can see a lot of these consequences here. 

Sam
Yeah, you can find plastic bottles almost anywhere, now! I think that, as well as air pollution, plastic pollution is becoming a real issue!

ምህረት
'Pollution' means ብክለት ማለት ነው። What do you think, Phil?

Phil
I agree that pollution is a big issue. But what are people supposed to do? I mean, I'm a big consumer of fizzy drinks. I can't buy a bottle made of paper, can I? It would fall to pieces!

ምህረት
'Fizzy drinks' ሶዳ ወይንም በውስጣቸው የታመቀ አየር ያላቸው መጠጦች ማለት ነው። Yes, but there must be other materials we can use?

Sam
Yeah! Something degradable would be better as it wouldn't cause such a mess for so long!

ምህረት
Yes! 'Degradable' የሚበሰብስ ማለት ነው። Don't you think it would be better to have bottles made of degradable material, Phil? Especially if people drink as many fizzy drinks as you do!

ምህረት
Well, I agree, it's probably a good idea, but you're also forgetting that people can reuse plastic, too!

ምህረት
'Reuse'means ደግሞ መጠቀም ማለት ነው። Perhaps you're right, Phil. ይሄ ደግሞ የዛሬውን ጥያቄ አስታወሰኝ፤ ምን ያህል ዩኤስ አሜሪካ ውስጥ የፕላስቲክ ጠርሙሶች በቀን እንደሚጣሉ ነበር የጠየቅናችሁ።

መልሱ. . . .  ሐ) 60 ሚሊዮን ነው።

Sam
Oh wow! I can't believe it, that's so depressing. It's really bad for the environment!

ምህረት
'Environment' አካባቢ ማለት ነው።

Phil
Ok, right! I'm going to reuse this bottle! So, where's the fizzy drinks tap?

ምህረት
Fizzy drinks?!

Sam
You can't get free fizzy drinks from the tap, Phil!

Phil
What?! Why not?! That's ridiculous! I think I'm going to the shop now to buy a nice, cold bottle of lemonade. Anyone want anything?

Sam
Phil, wait! Think about what you're doing!!

ምህረት
I guess Phil must be really thirsty! የእርስዎ አስተያየት ምንድን ነው? ብዙ ጊዜ ጠርሙሶችን 'reuse' ወይንም 'recycle' ያደርጋሉ? መልሰው በፈሳሽ ነገሮችስ ይሞላሉ? እርስዎ በሚኖሩባቸው አካባቢዎች ያለቅጥ ከፍተኛ የሆነ ውፍረት obesity' እና ብክለት pollution' ችግሮች ናቸው? የፌስቡክ ቡድናችንን ይቀላቀሉና የሚያስቡትን ያሳውቁን! የፕላስቲክ ጠርሙሶች ጥሩ ምርቶች ናቸው ብለው ያስባሉ ወይንስ environment ለከባቢው ችግር እንደሆኑ ነው የሚያስቡት? በቀላሉ የሚበሰብሱ degradable' ያልሆኑ ፕላስቲክ ጠርሙሶችን መጠቀም ስለሚያመጣቸው መዘዞች consequences' ስናወራ ሌሎችንም ቃላት ተጠቅመናል። በ English Together! የሚቀርቡ ሌሎች ርዕሰ ጉዳዮችን ለማዳመጥ በሚቀጥለው ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Meaning & Use

reuse (verb)

Reuse is a verb which means to use something again. 
Reusing bottles helps to reduce waste.
The charge for plastic bags encouraged people to reuse them.
People used to reuse things more in the past.

recycle (verb)

Recycle is a verb which means to reuse something (often waste) to create a new product.
Glass bottles are easy to recycle.
Waste paper is recycled to make new paper.
If plastic is recycled, it creates less waste. 

pollution (noun)

Pollution is a noun that refers to a harmful substance present in the air, land or water.

The size of the rubbish dump has led to pollution in the river.
The increase in traffic has caused an increase in air pollution in the city.
Fish are dying due to pollution in the sea.

obesity (noun)

Obesity is a noun which refers to the condition of being dangerously overweight.
Doctors have reported an increase in cases of obesity.
Obesity is a growing public health problem.
Processed food is a major cause of obesity.

environment (noun)

The noun environment is used to refer to our surroundings and often refers to nature.
Human actions have caused damage to the environment.
It is important to protect the environment.
Plastic waste causes damage to the environment.
 

consequences (noun)

Consequences are the results of actions.
If we do not protect the environment, the consequences will be serious.
The new law had positive consequences and improved the situation.
The increase in plastic bottle use has had negative consequences.

degradable (adjective)

If something is degradable, it means that it will break down over time.
Plastic waste is not degradable - it remains intact for centuries.
Paper and card waste is degradable - it breaks down into chemical components.
Food waste is degradable and can be used as fertiliser for plants.

 

Plastic bottle panic

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

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Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ እንግሊዝኛን በጋራ ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Session Vocabulary

  • obesity
    ያለቅጥ ከፍተኛ የሆነ ውፍረት

    pollution
    ብክለት

    degradable
    በቀላሉ የሚበሰብስ

    environment

    አካባቢ

    consequence
    መዘዝ

    fizzy drinks
    ሶዳ ወይንም በውስጣቸው የታመቀ አየር ያላቸው መጠጦች

    recycle
    ደግሞ ለግልጋሎት ማዋል

    reuse
    ደግሞ መጠቀም