# Learning English

1

Bộ phận chọn bài

## Phần 36

How important is the sea?
In today’s episode we will be discussing whether people value the sea enough.

Sagantaa har’aa keessatti, namoonni galaanaaf bakka ta’e yoo kennanuufi dhiisuusaanii mari’anna.

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Bài tập 1

## Bài tập 1

### How important is the sea?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:
- marine
- moderate
- commerce

## Quiz

What percentage of the world’s water is in the sea?

a) 57%
b) 77%
c) 97%

Listen to the discussion about how important the sea is and discover the answer!

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Hiển thị văn bản ghi âm (hay video) Giấu văn bản ghi âm (hay video)

Caalii
Yooyyaa! Gara English Together kan mata duree tibbanaa irratti mari’annuufi qooqa ittiin dubbachuuf si barbaachisu siif qoodnutti baga nagaan dhufte. Ani Caalii dha. Akkasumas Fiilfi Saamii nagaa isin gaafatu.

Phil
Hi, I’m Phil!

Sam
And I’m Sam, hello.

Caalii
Qophiin har’aa gutummaa guutuutti waa’ee galaanaati. Mee gaafiin haa eegalu.
Akka ‘National Geographic’ jedhutti bishaan adduunyaa rra jiru keessa dhibbantaa meeqatu galaana keessatti argamaa?
a) %57
b) %77
c) %97

Phil
I’m going to go for b). The sea’s big, but 97% sounds very high.

Sam

No, I think 97% sounds about right, so I’ll go for c).

Phil
Hmm, but that’s almost all the water in the world. If it was almost all the water, I’m sure we’d pay more attention to it.

Caalii
Ajaayiba kan nama jechisiisuudha… giddu galeessa National Oceanography Uk’tti, hayyuu kan ta’an Proofeesaar Edwaard Hiil waa’ee kana ilaalchisee BBC 4’s Today programme irratti:

News presenter
Professor Edward Hill is on the line, who’s Executive Director of the National Oceanography Centre. Morning to you.

Guest
Good morning…
…Firstly, I think it's just important to recognise the many hidden ways in which the sea affects our lives, everything from our weather and climate, which is hugely dominated by the sea. 93% of all excess heat absorbed by the earth is in the ocean somewhere, climate change is really an ocean problem on the long term, right through to the fact that 95% of all our trade comes from the sea, 95% of all of our internet traffic is by submarine fibre-optic cable, so there's a whole raft of these things that are unseen.

Caalii
Egaa, nuti tarii waa’ee galaanaa ilaalchisee yaada qubsaa ta’e qabaachaa akka hinjirre dubbataa jira.

Phil
The sea’s great! I love to go and lie on a beach, but that’s the only time I really think about it – it’s just a great place for a holiday.

Sam
Is that really the only time you think about it?

Phil
Yeah and I hope they keep it clean so that I can swim in it!

Sam
Were you not listening to the professor just then? The sea is so important for so many other reasons. It moderates the world’s climate.

Caalii
‘Moderate’ jechuun madaalli kan eegu jechuudha. So if the sea is moderating our climate, it affects us every day.

Sam
So maybe you should be thinking about the sea every day!

Phil
Look, I live in England, I try to ignore the climate as much as I can. That’s why I can’t wait to go on holiday somewhere warm and lie by the sea.

Sam
But it’s not just the climate and weather that the sea is important for – think about how many of the things you buy are imports – and most of them come on ships – so the sea is vital to international commerce.

Caalii
‘Commerce’ jechuun daldala.

Phil
Well, if big companies want to commercialise the sea, let them do it – it’s not my problem.

Sam
There’s more than that, you know.

Phil
Really?

Sam
Well, yes. You’re online a lot! The professor said that most internet traffic goes through undersea cables – so global connectivity depends on the oceans, as well.

Caalii
‘Connectivity’ jechuun quunnamtiif kan gargaaru. Sounds like the sea is pretty important….

Phil
Maybe you’ve got a point. I should mention I quite like eating fish.

Sam
…and they are just one kind of marine wildlife.

Caalii
‘Marine’ jechuun kan galaanaa jechuudha. So marine wildlife includes things like fish and sea plants.

Sam
Yes, fish are just one kind of marine wildlife, there’s a whole ecosystem under the sea which has to be protected to make sure that we can catch fish to eat.

Caalii
Gaafii dirama gaafatameef yeroon deebii itti kennamu kan gahe natti fakkaata… Gaafiichis bishaan adduunyaarra jiru keessa galaana keessatti kan argamu dhibbenta meeqa kan jedhu ture… akka National Geographic irra argameetti, deebiinsaa
c) %97dha

Sam
I told you it was important!

Phil
Wow, yes 97% of the world’s water, I can see why marine conservation is so important.

Sam
Mhm, the oceans moderate our climate, carry much of our trade, provide food and have internet cables pass through them.

Caalii
Tole, yeroon keeyaa fixaa waan jiruuf jechoota har’a dubbachaa turre daddafne haa ilaallu – ‘moderate’ jechuun madaalli kan eegu, ‘commerce’ jechuun daldala; ‘connectivity’, jechuun qunnamtiif kan gargaaru, akkasumas ‘marine’ jechuun kan galaanaa.
Turtii waliin qabaanneef galatoomi; barnoota dabalataa English Together’n torban ittaanu walitti deebina.

# Meaning & Use

## to moderate (verb)

To moderate is a verb which means 'to make something less strong or severe'.
The sea moderates the temperature of the earth.
Mobile phones have a system to moderate the amount of noise they make.

To moderate can also mean 'to direct' or 'to take control of'.
The students had a teacher in the room to moderate their debate.

## commerce (noun)

Commerce is the activity of selling goods and services, often in large quantities. It is used in a similar way as the word 'trade'.
The sea is vital to international commerce.
Commerce benefitted from the reduction in taxes.

## connectivity (noun)

Connectivity refers to the ability to connect successfully. It is often used in the context of computers and other types of electronic equipment.
Global connectivity depends on the oceans.
After the flood, the government had to re-establish connectivity between the areas affected and the rest of the country.

Marine can refer to plants and animals living in the sea or anything happening in the sea.
The amount of plastic pollution in our oceans is very damaging to marine life.
He's always been interested in the sea, so it's no surprise he became a marine biologist.

Marine can also refer to anything related to ships or the act of moving people and products in ships.
Some ports are particularly busy with heavy marine traffic from all over the world.

## How important is the sea?

4 Questions

Deebii sirrii ta’e fili.

Chúc mừng bạn đã hoàn thành Trắc nghiệm
Excellent! Bạn làm rất tốt! Bad luck! Điểm bạn đạt được:
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Did you learn any new facts about the sea in this episode? Did you know how important it was to our everyday lives? In what ways does it affect your way of life? Tell us in our Facebook group!

Engilish Together kan qooqa barbaachisoo keessatti barattuufi dandeettii waa caqasuukee itti shaakaltutti, sagantaa keenya ittaanuun walitti haadeebinu

## Session Vocabulary

• dominated by
dhuunfatamuu

imports
meeshaalee alaa galchaman

undersea cables

depends on
irratti hundaa’uu

moderate