Phần 31

Gender pay gap
Garaagarummaa kaffaltii saala gidduutti hubatamu

In today’s episode we will be discussing the issue of gender pay gap in our society.
Kutaa har’aa keessatti dhimma garaagarummaa kaffaltii saalaa haawaasa keenyaa keessa jiruu mari’anna.

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    Bài tập 1

Bài tập 1

Gender pay gap

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

  • gender pay gap
  • take home 
  • discriminate

Quiz

According to World Economic Forum, which country has the biggest gender gap regarding economic participation and opportunity?

a) India
b) South Korea
c) Ethiopia

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

Hiển thị văn bản ghi âm (hay video) Giấu văn bản ghi âm (hay video)

Caalii
Yooyyaa! Gara English Together kan mata duree tibbanaa irratti mari'annuufi qooqa ittiin dubbachuuf si barbaachisu siif qoodnutti baga nagaan dhufte. Ani Caaliidha. Akkasumas Toomiifi Saam na waliin jiru.

Tom
Hi everyone, I'm Tom. Welcome to today's programme.

Sam
And I'm Sam, welcome to the programme.

Caalii
Kutaa har'aa keessatti waa'ee garaagarummaa kaffaltii saala gidduu jiru ilaalla. Gara odeeffannoo har'aatti otoo hince'iin dura, gaafiin har'aa kunooti. World Economic Forum akka raga bahutti, carraafi hirmaannaa dinagdee ilaalchisee biyya kamtu garaagarummaa saalaa haalaan olaanaa ta'e qabaa? 

a) Hindii
b) Kooriyaa Kibbaa
c) Itoophiyaa

Tom
Well, this is quite a difficult quiz. What do you think, Sam?

Sam
I'm not sure either, actually.

Caalii
Utuma isin lamaan gaafichaaf deebii yaaddaa jirtanii, Worldhacks BBC World Service irraa odeessa argamee kana haacaqasnu. Odeessi kun, biyya Ayislaanditti rakkoolee kaffaltii saala gidduutti garaagarummaa uume furuuf waan  dubartoonni Ayislaandi raawwatan dubbata.

News Clip
Right across Iceland on October the 24th last year, the women left work early, shaving 30 percent off their working day because in Iceland, they take home, on average, 30 percent less pay than men. Since then, the government has brought in rules that will make Iceland the first country to put in place a rigorous system to try and force companies to provide evidence that they're paying men and women equally. Globally, on average, women take home just over half the wages of men, according to the world economic forum.

Tom
Well, good on those women in Iceland. I think it's outrageous that women are still paid so much less than men.

Sam
Wow, steady Tom. Didn't think you'd feel so strongly about this topic.

Caalii
Neither did I.

Tom
I'm sorry, but there are a lot of women in my life who are very special to me and the idea that they take home less than men for doing exactly the same work, really upsets me.  

Caalii
'Take home' jechuun ashuuraa fi kanneen barbaachisan biroon erga hir'ifamanii booda, maalaqa fudhattee galtuudha. I couldn't agree more, Tom.

Sam
Sounds like this topic is very personal to both of you. But, I have to say, I wasn't really that surprised to hear that globally, women take home just over half the wage of men!

Tom
I'm lost for words. I think we really need to do something about the issue of this gender pay gap.

Caalii
'Gender pay gap' jechuun garaagarummaa kaffaltii saalaa gidduu jiruudha. I think this is a problem in every part of the world.

Sam
This gender pay gap is one thing, but women are discriminated against in other ways, too.

Tom
Yeah. For example, women might be discriminated against when they go for promotions.

Caalii
'To discriminate against' jechuun loogii irraan gahu. Tole, mee bakkuma kanatti deebii gaafii battalee har'aa sitti himuu? Carraafi hirmaannaa dinagdeerratti biyya kamtu garaagarummaa saalaa haalaan olaanaa ta'e qaba? Deebiinsaa a) Hindiidha, haala walitti dhiyeenya qabuun lammaffaan Koriyaa Kibbaa akkasuma sadaffaan Itoophiyaadha. Didn't the news story say something about what Iceland is doing to tackle this issue?

Sam
Do you mean the protest they held in Iceland?

Caalii
No, not that.

Tom
Ah yes, so to stop companies discriminating against women, they're going to put in place a rigorous system whereby companies have to show that they're paying men and women equally.

Caalii
'Rigorous system' jechuun sirna xiyyeeffannaa ykn eeggannaa cimaa qabuun. What a great idea. 

Tom
Yeah, but if you really want to get rid of the gender pay gap, I still think there's a lot more that we could be doing.

Sam
Ooh, do you mean like making the system more rigorous?

Tom
Exactly! Why not just make everyone's pay known to everybody else. This way, we'll all know exactly who's taking home what.

Sam
The perfect solution Tom. In fact, why don't we do it now? On the count of three, we tell each other how much we're getting paid.

Caalii
Aren't you two getting carried away a little?

Tom & Sam
No, no, not at all. No, not really. I think it's a good idea. I think we should do this. I think it's a good idea. Let's do it. Ok, Sam ready… on 3. 3, 2,…

Caalii
Waan isan gaabisiisu utuu hin raawwatiin dura yoo golobne maal sitti fakkaataa ? Addunyaa keenya har'aa keessatti garaagarummaa kaffaltii saala gidduutti godhamu hir'isuuf maal gochuu qabna? Tole, torban kanaaf nagaa ottoo sitti hindhaamiin dura, jechoota har'aa irratti dubbachaa ture haa ilaallu. "Take home" Ashuuraafi kanneen barbaachisoo biroon erga hir'ifamanii booda maallaqa fudhatanii manatti galaniidha; "gender pay gap", jechuun garaagarummaa kaffaltii saala gidduu jiruudha; "discriminate", jechuun loogiidha; akkasumas "rigorous system" jechuun sirna xiyyeeffannaafi eeggannaa cimaa barbaadu jechuudha. Turtii waliin qabaanneef galatoomi; barnoota dabalataa "English Together"n torban ittaanu walitti deebina. Nagaatti.

Meaning & Use

take home (verb)

To take home a salary means 'to receive' a salary. It often refers to the money that employees receive after tax and other deductions have been made.
She takes home about £2000 a month after tax.
Studies show that on average women take home less pay than men.
If you need to take home more money, you might need to change your job.

gender pay gap (noun)

The gender pay gap is the difference between men and women's average earnings. It can refer to the difference within an organisation, an industry or across a whole country.
The finance industry has the largest gender pay gap.
The government requires all companies to publish statistics about their gender pay gap.
According to the OECD, Korea has the largest gender pay gap.

discriminate against (verb)

To discriminate against someone is to treat them unfavourably. It is often used to refer to unfair treatment on the basis of gender, race, sexuality, age, etc.
Salary data shows that many companies discriminate against women.
We should take steps to stop people being discriminated against.
Employers who discriminate against their employees can be taken to court.

rigorous (adjective)

Something that is rigorous is thorough and does not overlook anything.
Having a rigorous system will mean that we can stop all of these problems.
Medical researchers have commissioned a rigorous study into this new illness.
We must be rigorous in checking everything we make.

Gender pay gap

4 Questions

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Over to you!

Do you think pay is unfair in your country? Do you think there is discrimination? Should there be a rigorous system in place? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Turtii waliin qabaanneef galatoomi, barnoota dabalataa English Together torban ittaanu walitti deebina.

Session Vocabulary

  • gender pay gap
    garaagarummaa kaffaltii saalaa

    to take home
    Ashuuraafi kanneen barbaachisoo biroon erga hir’ifamanii booda maallaqa fudhatanii manatti galaniidha

    to discriminate
    loogii/loogii gochuu

    a rigorous system
    sirna xiyyeeffannaafi eeggannoo cimaan itti godhamu

    to bring in rules
    Qajeelfama fiduu

    to put in place
    hojiirra oolchuu

    to get carried away
    waan tokkoon fudhatamu