Session 3

Welcome to Session 3. We're going to look at using must and have to in the past and future. We’ll also bring you a top tip for informal speaking.

ክፍለ-ስራሓት ናይዚ ምዕራፍ

ድምር ነጥቢ ናይዚ ክፍለ-ስራሓት 3

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Activity 2

Language focus: 'Must' and 'have to' in the past and future

What happened to the party guests?

There were lots of examples of 'must' and 'have to' in Jude's messages. Let's look at them more closely.

Listen to the audio and try the activity

Understanding the phone messages

8 Questions

Answer the questions about the phone messages with 'yes' or 'no'.

ኣገናዕ፡ ፈተናኹም ዛዚምኩም
Excellent! Great job! ሕማቕ ዕድል! ዘመዝገብኩምዎ ነጥቢ ...:
x / y


How did you do? Let’s look at the answers to those questions to help us learn must and have to in the past and future.

ናይ ስዋስው ክፍሊ

  • If you must do something, it is necessary for you to do it, but this is often your opinion or a rule that you have made yourself.

    If you have to do something, it is necessary for you to do it. It’s a law, an obligation or a fact.

    If you don’t have to do something, it isn’t necessary to do it, but you can if you want.

    If you mustn’t do something, it means ‘don’t do it’. It is necessary not to do it.

Session Vocabulary

  • family reunion
    when family members and relatives get together to celebrate a special date or occasion

    Accident & Emergency (A&E) is a department in hospitals for patients without appointments, who need urgent help

    to bang
    to hit

    to feel dizzy
    to feel like your head is spinning and that you might fall