Session 3

Welcome to Session 3. We're going to look at using must and have to in the past and future. We’ll also bring you a top tip for informal speaking.

ክፍለ-ስራሓት ናይዚ ምዕራፍ

ድምር ነጥቢ ናይዚ ክፍለ-ስራሓት 3

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Please leave a message

Have you ever invited a lot of people to a party - and then got worried that they might not come? Did they send you messages to say they couldn’t make it? That’s what happened to Jude.

Today's a very special day: it's the annual family reunion. Her children, grandchildren and other relatives are coming from many parts of the country. But… unfortunately some of the guests are going to be late, and some can't make it at all.

Sarah, Dan and Brian have left messages for her on the phone.

Listen to the audio and try the activity

ነቲ ቅዳሕ ጽሑፍ ኣርእይዎ ነቲ ቅዳሕ ጽሑፍ ሕብእዎ

Message 1

Hi Aunt Jude, it’s Sarah.

John had a car crash yesterday. He’s alright. He wasn’t badly hurt, but he had to go to A&E because he banged his head and he was feeling kind of dizzy.

Nothing to worry about. He’s okay. But, unfortunately that means that we’ve got to stay home this weekend ...

Auntie, I’m really sorry, but we’ll have to miss the family reunion this time. Give me a call when you can. Bye!

Message 2

Hi Mum, it’s Dan. We’re going to be late, I'm afraid. First we had to stop at the petrol station… And the little oil light came on, so we’ve got to change the engine oil too. Anyway… it's annoying… but we should be there by 3. See you then!

Message 3

Hi, it's Brian. I'm almost with you. I didn't have to go to the meeting today, so I won't be late. See you soon!

If you need to, you can download the audio.

Who can come to the party?

4 Questions

Listen to the phone messages and work out who can come to Jude's party and who can't.

Drag the names to the correct box.

ኣገናዕ፡ ፈተናኹም ዛዚምኩም
Excellent! Great job! ሕማቕ ዕድል! ዘመዝገብኩምዎ ነጥቢ ...:
x / y

Who can come to the party?

4 Questions

Listen to the phone messages and work out who can come to Jude's party and who can't.

Drag the names to the correct box.

ኣገናዕ፡ ፈተናኹም ዛዚምኩም
Excellent! Great job! ሕማቕ ዕድል! ዘመዝገብኩምዎ ነጥቢ ...:
x / y

Next

Poor Aunt Jude. Only one person is coming on time. On the next two pages we’ll look more closely at the language in these messages.

ናይ ስዋስው ክፍሊ

  • If you must do something, it is necessary for you to do it, but this is often your opinion or a rule that you have made yourself.

    If you have to do something, it is necessary for you to do it. It’s a law, an obligation or a fact.

    If you don’t have to do something, it isn’t necessary to do it, but you can if you want.

    If you mustn’t do something, it means ‘don’t do it’. It is necessary not to do it.

Session Vocabulary

  • family reunion
    when family members and relatives get together to celebrate a special date or occasion

    A&E
    Accident & Emergency (A&E) is a department in hospitals for patients without appointments, who need urgent help

    to bang
    to hit

    to feel dizzy
    to feel like your head is spinning and that you might fall