Session 24

Most people spend a lot of time watching videos, using their smartphones and working on computers. Is this good or bad for our health? Find the answer on today's episode!

आपला खूपसा वेळ मोबाईलवर व्हीडियो पाहण्यात आणि कॉम्पूटरवर काम करण्यात जातो. आपल्या आरोग्यासाठी हे योग्य आहे का? जाणून घेऊया आजच्या भागात.    

ክፍለ-ስራሓት ናይዚ ምዕራፍ

ድምር ነጥቢ ናይዚ ክፍለ-ስራሓት 24

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

How bad are screens for our health?

On today's episode we are exploring how screens affect our health

Before you listen/Pre-listening

Consider the following questions:

  • How many different screens do you look at in your day-to-day life?
  • How can screens affect our behaviour? Is this positive or negative?

 

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

ነቲ ቅዳሕ ጽሑፍ ኣርእይዎ ነቲ ቅዳሕ ጽሑፍ ሕብእዎ

Tejali
Hello! ऐकलंत का? Listen Here! मध्ये तुमचं स्वागत. मी तेजाली आणि माझ्यासोबत आहे…

Rob
I’m Rob. Have you seen my glasses?

Tejali
नाही. आजचा विषय आहे  ‘screens’. मग ती मोबाईलची असो वा टीव्हीची आणि या स्क्रीनचा आपल्या आरोग्यावर होणारा परिणाम.

Rob
Come on! Everyone knows looking at screens is bad for you! I work with my computer monitor all day. That’s why I need glasses!

Tejali
Do you have any evidence to prove that?  Evidence म्हणजे पुरावा. आणि monitor म्हणजे कॉंप्यूटर किंवा संगणकाचा पडदा. Maybe you’re just getting older!

Rob
Well, everyone says it, so it must be true!

Tejali
That’s not evidence! Rob, evidence needs to be factual. जशी आजची क्लिप. आजची क्लिप आहे BBC Clickमधली. यात डॉक्टर स्क्रीन्स बद्दल हल्लीच झालेल्या संशोधनाबद्दल चर्चा करतायत. स्क्रीन्सच्या अतिवापरामुळे काय होऊ शकतं? ऐका

Insert
A: We absolutely found evidence that higher levels of time on screens, digital screens, is linked with harms.
B: What? Depression, anxiety, obesity?
A: Particularly around obesity and overweight. And some evidence with mental health problems, particularly depression.

Rob
He says that screens can cause harms such as obesity and depression.

Tejali
‘Harm’  म्हणजे नुकसान, हानी. इथे त्यांनी ‘harms’ हे अनेकवचन वापरलंय जे फक्त वैद्यकीय संदर्भातच वापरतात. इतरवेळी harm चा वापर क्रियापद म्हणूनही केला जातो

Rob
So, screens can harm us by causing obesity and depression.

Tejali
‘Obesity’ म्हणजे स्थूलता. ‘Depression’ म्हणजे नैराश्य. पण स्क्रीन मधून तर फक्त प्रकाश बाहेर पडतो. त्यातून नैराश्य किंवा स्थूलता कसं येईल?  

Rob
Let’s keep listening to find out!

Tejali
हा आहे दुसरा भाग. ‘Displacement’  म्हणजे विस्थापन म्हणजे जागा बदलणे. ‘Displacement’  आणि स्क्रीन यांचा परस्परसंबंध काय आहे त्याबद्दल यात सांगितलंय.

Insert
In essence, what we found was that screens are linked with harms, but first, the way that screens cause harms is almost certainly through displacement of healthy stuff. Physical activity, sleep, diet, you know, a healthy diet, and ordinary, real human interactions. So, the things that have given us wellbeing for centuries, screens can displace them.

Rob
So, he says screens ‘displace healthy stuff’.

Tejali
‘Stuff’म्हणजे वस्तू. त्या कितीही आणि कुठल्याही असू शकतात. ढोबळमानाने बोलण्यासाठी या शब्दाचा वापर होतो. ही क्लिप परत ऐकू. ‘Healthy stuff’ मध्ये काय काय येईल ते समजून घ्या.

Insert
But first, the way that screens cause harms is almost certainly through displacement of healthy stuff. Physical activity, sleep, diet, you know, a healthy diet, and ordinary, real human interactions.

Rob
So, physical activity, sleep and healthy diet. This stuff can all be displaced by screens.

Tejali
‘Displaced’ म्हणजे जागा बदलणे किंवा जागा घेणे. व्यायाम, झोप, योग्य आहार याची जागा आता स्क्रीन्सने घेतलीये.

Rob
So, essentially, the doctor is telling us that it’s our behavior which is harmful to our health, because we aren’t doing important things – stuff like exercising, sleeping and eating healthily.

Tejali
Ah! ‘Essentially’ म्हणजे अनिवार्यपणे. हे वाक्य परत ऐका.

Insert
In essence, what we found was that screens are linked with harms.

Rob
‘In essence’! This means ‘essentially’ or ‘basically’. ‘Essence’ starts with a vowel sound, which connects the two words together phonetically. Practise the pronunciation with me.

ESSence
NESSence
i NESSence.

We could also say ‘in effect’ or ‘in England’.

Tejali
Do you feel more informed about the effects of screens and monitors on your health?

Rob
Oh yes. In essence, perhaps we need to monitor how we use monitors!

Tejali
Haha! A classic example of British humour there. इथे Robने ‘monitor’ हा शब्द निरीक्षण करणे या अर्थाने वापरलाय. आज आपण शिकलो ‘screens’ म्हणजे पडदा, ‘evidence’ पुरावे, ‘harm’ इजा किंवा हानी, ‘obesity’,  स्थूलता, ‘depression’,  नैराश्य, ‘displace’, विस्थापन, ‘stuff’, वस्तू किंवा बाबी ‘essentially’, अनिवार्य. आज इथेच थांबू, पुन्हा भेटू Listen here च्या पुढच्या भागात. Bye!

Language features

harm

Harm can be used in different forms, we often use it as a verb meaning 'to cause damage'.

Smoking when pregnant can harm your baby.

As an uncountable noun, harm means 'damage'. We often use it with the verb 'cause'

You can cause a lot of harm to your relationships if you don't tell people the truth.

The adjective is harmful. The adverb is harmfully.

The scientists are wearing glasses which protect their eyes from harmful chemicals.

The recent cuts in funding have harmfully affected our ability to provide healthcare.

In this episode the speaker uses 'harm' as a countable noun. This is an unusual form that normally occurs only in a medical context.

There are numerous harms associated with watching too much TV.

monitor

A monitor is a piece of electronic equipment that we can watch things on. Similarly, the verb, to monitor, means 'to watch' or 'to observe'.

We've just installed a new monitor in the train station so that people can see if there are any delays.

The doctors are monitoring the baby's progress at the moment, but she should be fine.

Sometimes, such as in an educational setting, a monitor can be used to mean 'an observer'.

If you need anything in the exam, please raise your hand and the monitor will come to assist you.

in essence

In essence is a phrase which means 'basically' or 'in idea'. It is often used as an adverbial expression to convey the main details of something.

I spoke to the client but, in essence, he wasn't really interested in the proposal.

I appreciate that you are stressed but, in essence, this is a stressful period for the whole team! You're not alone!

How bad are screens for our health?

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
योग्य उत्तर निवडा.

ኣገናዕ፡ ፈተናኹም ዛዚምኩም
Excellent! Great job! ሕማቕ ዕድል! ዘመዝገብኩምዎ ነጥቢ ...:
x / y

Join us for our next episode of Listen Here! when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Listen Hereचे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयांवर बोलणार आहोत.

ናይ ስዋስው ክፍሊ

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Session Vocabulary

  • screens
    पडदा 
    evidence
    पुरावा 
    harm
    इजा 
    obesity
    स्थूलता 
    depression
    नैराश्य 
    displace
    विस्थापन 
    stuff
    निरनिराळ्या गोष्टी 
    essentially
    अनिवार्यपणे