6 Minute English
Episode 141009 / 09 Oct 2014
Many people around the world throw away food that's still good enough to eat. This food waste could feed millions.
Rob and Finn discuss why some of us are tempted to buy more food than we need and what attempts are being made to reduce the amount of wasted food.
This week's question:
According to the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation, what percentage of food is wasted?
Listen to the programme to find out the answer.
stock up on
buy a large quantity of
(here) to eat
large holes in the ground where people's waste or rubbish is buried
food that is not eaten
ease of doing something
safe or good enough to eat
no longer fresh
(acronym) buy one, get one free
to give something out to several people
Note: This is not a word for word transcript
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Rob…
… and I'm Finn. Hello.
Hello, Finn. Now, you like food don't you?
Yes, I do.
But how much of it do you actually throw away?
Probably too much although I'm trying to get better at that, Rob.
I'm asking you this because many people around the world throw away food that's still good enough to eat – this food waste could feed millions of other people. That's what we're talking about today as well as looking at some related vocabulary.
Yes, food waste is a big problem. We stock up on food that we don't really need, and we're often tempted by supermarkets to consume – or to eat – more.
Before we talk more about this, let's find out what you know about food waste. So, do you know, according to the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation, what percentage of food is actually wasted?
50%, I seem to remember that. I might be wrong.
We'll find out if you're right or wrong later on. But now, here's another figure for you: In Europe, people throw away 100 million tonnes of food every year.
Wow, such a waste. Most of this food just ends up rotting in landfill sites and that adds to another problem – it creates greenhouse gases.
It does. But the problem isn't just us throwing away leftovers in the fridge or cupboard, as we can hear now from BBC reporter Caroline Hepker. What are the other reasons that lead to food being wasted?
Caroline Hepker, BBC Reporter
Typically, supermarkets demand that onions are about two to two-and-a-quarter inches in diameter. This one will get pretty close to it but this one is too small, although it is perfectly edible. The question is, what happens to it then? Food waste is a huge issue in America – 40% of all food goes uneaten and it's a problem that starts long before you get to the dining-room table.
Another staggering figure there Rob – 40% of all food in America goes uneaten – it doesn't get eaten. And she explained that supermarkets are partly to blame.
Yes. We all love the convenience, the price and the choice of food that supermarkets offer – but a lot of food is binned – thrown out – long before it reaches the shelves.
The reporter gave the example of onions: if they're the wrong size, they can't be sold; they're thrown away even though they’re good enough to eat – or edible.
There are many other types of fruit and vegetables that are discarded – or thrown away – because of their shape and size. And that's our fault really, because we often think food that looks good is better quality.
Another issue is the 'sell by' and 'use by' dates printed on food packaging. They confuse customers. Anything older than the 'sell by' date makes us think it’s old and the food has gone off, but in fact this is just the date the supermarket wants to sell it by.
And there is another reason why some of us are encouraged to buy too much food. Have a listen to working mum, Tara Sherbrooke, about her shopping habits and see if you can hear what the problem is.
Also, see if you can hear what she does to try and minimise food waste.
I try very hard to meal-plan because as a working mum and having a busy family, I really try to make sure that there’s enough food at the beginning of the week. I find it very difficult to walk pass two-for-one offers especially on things that we use. I even find it hard to walk past them when they're items I’ve never purchased before – I stop and look!
So she is a busy working mum and she tries to meal-plan – she plans the family's meals for the week and works out what to buy.
But she still gets tempted by the two-for-one offers. That's when you buy one item and you get another one of the same item for free.
Buy-one-get-one-free – or as it's sometimes known, BOGOF! You can get a bargain but it also means we sometimes buy too much of something. If it's fresh produce, it might go off before you get to use it all.
But in other parts of the world people struggle to buy even the most basic food. A report by the UN's Food and Agricultural Organisation found that there is enough food for everyone, just a lot of inefficiency. So what can be done?
Well, things are being done. Apps and websites that distribute excess food are becoming more popular.
And food banks are being set up too. These are charitable organisations people donate food to. It's then distributed to those who have difficulty buying their own food. And one trial project in New York requires the city's restaurants to stop sending food waste to landfills by 2015. But at the moment, globally, there's still a lot of food being thrown away. And Finn, I asked you how much? Is it 25%, 33% or 50% of all food produced?
I said half – 50%.
According to the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation, the answer is 33%. Still not good. It also found the amount of land needed to grow all the food wasted in the world each year would be the size of Mexico. Well, that brings us to the end of today's 6 Minute English. We hope you enjoyed today’s programme. Please join us again soon.
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What would you put in your time capsule? Listen to Rob and Neil’s chat and learn new vocabulary
Episode 141225 / 25 Dec 2014
When enemy soldiers sang together in WW1. Listen to Rob and Finn’s chat and learn some related vocabulary.
Episode 141218 / 18 Dec 2014
The London school where students speak 42 different languages
Episode 141211 / 11 Dec 2014
Laughter isn't always the best medicine, says research
Episode 141204 / 04 Dec 2014
Are your pictures, documents and videos safe online? Listen to Rob and Finn's chat and learn new vocabulary
Episode 141127 / 27 Nov 2014
Nowhere to park? How the sharing economy is changing the way we use our space
Episode 141120 / 20 Nov 2014
How can science fiction help the world? Rob and Finn discuss a project which aims to inspire through stories of a bright future
Episode 141113 / 13 Nov 2014
Why is eating meat bad news?
Episode 141106 / 06 Nov 2014
Do real-life superheroes exist or are they just cartoon characters?
Episode 141030 / 30 Oct 2014
Rob and Finn discuss the World Health Organisation's recommendations on e-cigarettes
Episode 141023 / 23 Oct 2014
Should we eat less sugar? Listen to Rob and Neil and learn new vocabulary
Episode 141016 / 16 Oct 2014
Is learning English getting easier? Find out what's new
Episode 141009 / 09 Oct 2014
Why do we buy so much food and not eat it all? Learn more about food waste
Episode 141002 / 02 Oct 2014
Is it right to sleep at work? Rob and Finn discuss the benefits of sleeping on the job.
Episode 140929 / 29 Sep 2014
Is the way we see famous people a new thing? Learn about the first 'modern celebrity'.
Episode 140821 / 21 Aug 2014
Bored? You're not alone. Rob and Finn discuss how to deal with boredom and teach some related vocabulary. We promise you won't be bored!