บทเรียนย่อย 5

Tim's Pronunciation Workshop: Summary

Tim reviews the Pronunciation Workshop series... and gives a final piece of advice

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Tim's Pronunciation Workshop: Summary

Some final tips...
Tim's back in his pronunciation workshop for the last time. He's looking back at what we've covered over the series - and offering some last words of advice and encouragement.

To do

Take a look at the video, then try the activity to do some practice.

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แสดงเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง ซ่อนเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง

Tim
Hi. I'm Tim and this is my Pronunciation workshop. Here I'm going to show you how English is really spoken. Come on, let's go inside. Well, here we are in the pronunciation workshop for the final time. Today, let's look back on what we've covered in this series and I'll offer some final tips and words of advice. When we write English, each word is separate; there are spaces between the words. But, that's not how we speak English. If. We. Did. It. Might. Be. Easier. To. Understand. But. We. Would. Sound. Like. Robots. No. When we speak English, although there are some pauses, we mostly bump the words together. And when these words bump into each other certain things can happen that affect the sounds. We've learned that /t/ and /d/ sounds disappear between consonants:

Example
'Mashed potato' becomes /mæʃpəˈteɪtəʊ/.

Tim
Consonant sounds can link with vowel sounds:

Example
'An egg' becomes anegg.

Tim
Certain vowel sounds can link with certain other vowel sounds by adding sounds:

Example
'The shoe is…' becomes the shoe/w/is

Tim
Two consonant sounds can join together, or twin.

Example
'It takes two' becomes /ɪt:eɪks tuː/.

Tim
Some sounds can change completely:

Example
'Green Park' /griːn pɑːk/ becomes /griːmpɑːk/.

Tim
Unstressed grammar words are often weak:

Example
'I'd have been late' becomes /aɪdəv bɪn leɪt/

Tim
And we've also seen how a little sound, schwa, is important to the rhythm of natural spoken English.

Example
'A piece of cake' /ə piːsə keɪk/

Tim
These are all features of what we call connected speech. Natural speech is full of these features. And for native speakers, these changes happen automatically. The more you can get used to listening to and speaking English, the more naturally they'll come to you too. But my advice is that the most important thing to pay attention to is schwa. Getting schwa in the right place is the first step to getting English pronunciation right. And that, for the last time, is about it from the pronunciation workshop. And always remember that if you want to learn more about pronunciation or other aspects of English, then please visit our website, bbclearningenglish.com. Thank you so much for watching this series and I'll see you soon. Bye bye! Erm, hello? Hello? Erm. I can't get out. What do I do? Help! Help! Oh. Somebody?

To do

So that's a look at some of the features of pronunciation that we've covered in this series. Now try this activity to get some more practice.

The Tim's Pronunciation Workshop game

8 Questions

Have another go at some of the quiz questions from episodes 1-29. How many will you get right? You decide...

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Excellent! เยี่ยม! แย่หน่อย! คุณทำคะแนนได้:
x / y

More on this topic

tims_pron_01_YT.jpg The Sounds of English: Other Consonants: Rung 6minvocab_li_23_silent_letters.jpg

End of Unit 30

Congratulations - you've reached the end of the Towards Advanced course. We hope you enjoyed it. If you want to keep studying and practicing English, we've got lots of great resources for you. Take a look at 6 Minute English to improve your listening and vocabulary skills - or why not sit back, relax and listen to a classic story on our Drama area? Brush up your knowledge of slang, idioms and up-to-the-minute expressions with The English We Speak or learn some great idioms and expressions that are popular in modern English with Shakespeare Speaks. Or why not try one of our other courses? See you soon! 

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Session Vocabulary

  • Summary

    Over this series, we've looked at how:

    /t/ and /d/ sounds disappear between consonants
    'Mashed potato' becomes /mæʃpəˈteɪtəʊ/

    Consonant sounds can link with vowel sounds
    'An egg' becomes 'anegg'

    Certain vowel sounds can link with certain other vowel sounds by adding sounds
    'The shoe is…' becomes 'the shoe /w/ is…'

    Two consonant sounds can join together, or twin
    'It takes two' becomes /ɪteɪks tuː/.

    Some sounds can change completely
    'Green Park' /griːn pɑːk/ becomes /griːmpɑːk/.

    Unstressed grammar words are often weak
    'I'd have been late' becomes /aɪdəv bɪn leɪt/

    Schwa is important to the rhythm of natural spoken English
    'A piece of cake' /ə piːsə keɪk/