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บทเรียน 1: One-minute English

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In today's One-minute English, Kee will explain how to use ‘for vs since’.
ఇవాల్టి One-minute English కార్యక్రమంలో ‘for vs since’ అనే expression ను ఎలా వాడాలో Kee వివరిస్తారు.

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For vs Since

In today's One-minute English, Kee will explain how to use ‘for vs since’.
ఇవాల్టి One-minute English కార్యక్రమంలో ‘for vs since’ అనే expression ను ఎలా వాడాలో Kee వివరిస్తారు. 

 

 

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

แสดงเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง ซ่อนเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง

Hi guys, this is Kee from BBC Learning English. Today I'm going to tell you how to use 'for' and 'since'.

We use 'for' to describe how long an activity or a situation lasts. For example, I can say 'I go running every day for 10 minutes' – that's not true though.

On the other hand, 'since' is used to describe when an activity or a situation began. For example, I can say 'I have been recording this video since 10 o'clock'.

So, remember 'for' is used to describe how long an activity or a situation lasts, whereas 'since' is used to describe when an activity or a situation began.

It's easy, isn't it?

Function/ఫంక్షన్-పనిచేయు స్థితి 

We use 'for' to describe how long an activity or a situation lasts.
ఒక స్థితి లేదా పని ఎంతసేపు ఉంటుంది అనేది వివరించడానికి 'for' వాడతాము.

I go running every day for 10 minutes.
I try to read for a few hours on weekends.

We use 'since' to describe when an activity or a situation began.
ఒక స్థితి లేదా పని మొదలైన సమయాన్ని సూచించడానికి 'since' వాడతాము.

I have lived in this country since 2012.
Since 2010, I have been collecting coins from different countries.

Structure / నిర్మాణం

Both 'for' and 'since' are prepositions, so are followed by a noun phrase.
'for' and 'since' రెండూ విభక్తిప్రత్యయాలు. కాబట్టి వీటి తరువాత నామవాచక పదబంధాలు వస్తాయి.

'For' is always followed by a noun phrase that expresses a length of time. For example:
'For' తరువాత ఎప్పుడూ కాలం నిడివిని సూచించే నామవాచక పదబంధం రావాలి. ఉదాహరణకు:

  • for a day
  • for an hour
  • for two years
  • for a long time

'Since' is always followed by a noun phrase that expresses a point in time. For example: 
'Since' తరువాత ఒక నిర్దిష్టమైన సమయాన్ని సూచించే నామవాచకం రావాలి. ఉదాహరణకు:

  • since 2012
  • since last week
  • since this morning
  • since my birthday
  • since Christmas

 

Game: For vs Since

4 Questions

సరైన జవాబు ఎంచుకోండి.

ยินดีด้วยคุณทำแบบฝึกหัดเสร็จแล้ว
Excellent! เยี่ยม! แย่หน่อย! คุณทำคะแนนได้:
x / y

Extension: Present perfect & continuous

We often use 'for' and 'since' with the present perfect & continuous tenses. For example, if you began a job in 2012 and you still work there, you can say:

• I have worked here since 2012.

But you can also say

• I have worked here for 6 years. (Presently it is 2018)

We can also use the present perfect continuous to talk about the same thing.

• I have been working here since 2012.
• I have been working here for 6 years.

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