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How does fat affect the brain? Today we listen to part of a scientific discussion and explain the ideas around this topic.
지방이 뇌에 어떻게 영향을 미칠까요? 이번 시간에는 이 주제에 대한 과학적 설명을 들어보겠습니다.

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How does fat affect the brain?

How does fat affect the brain? Today we listen to part of a scientific discussion and explain the ideas around this topic.

지방이 뇌에 어떻게 영향을 미칠까요? 이번 시간에는 이 주제에 대한 과학적 설명을 들어보겠습니다.

Before you listen!

Consider the following questions:

1) How does eating fat affect your body?
2) What is the purpose of the brain and what is it made from?

รับฟังเสียงพร้อมทำแบบฝีกหัด

แสดงเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง ซ่อนเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง

Bolam
안녕하세요! Listen Here에 오신 것을 환영합니다. 이 코너에서는 뉴스 이해에 도움이 되는 표현을 알려드릴 거에요. 저는 손보람입니다.

Tom
And I’m Tom! Hi again everyone. Today we’re listening to a discussion about the effects of fat on our brains.

Bolam
오늘은 BBC의 Bringing up Britain에 소개된 내용을 살펴보겠습니다. 들으실 내용에는 영양학자가 ‘diet’, 즉 식단에서 지방이 차지하는 중요성에 대해서 이야기하고 있습니다. 이 지방은 ‘dietary fats’, 즉 식이지방이라고 불리는데요, 왜 이 영양학자는 식이지방의 중요성에 대해서 강조하고 있을까요? 퍼센트에 유의해서 들어보세요.

Insert

I think almost everyone would do better if they were to realise how much impact things like sugar and refined carbohydrates can have. Now, the area of the diet most people absolutely don't understand is to do with dietary fats - the brain, it's 60% fat!

Tom
Wow! Sixty percent of the brain is fat!

Bolam
Yes! And she mentions that sugar and carbohydrates are bad too! She said that people would do better if they realised the impact these things can have.

Tom
But she doesn’t quite say ‘if they realised’. She says something slightly different. What is it? Let’s listen again.

Insert
I think almost everyone would do better if they were to realise how much impact things like sugar and refined carbohydrates can have.

Tom
So, she says ‘if they were to realise how much impact sugar and carbohydrates can have’.

Bolam
맞아요! 이번 문장에서 ‘were’은 가정을 나타내는 과거시제 동사입니다. 바로 뒤에 ‘to realise’를 썼어요.

Tom
She also stresses ‘if they were’, to stress that this is an unreal or imagined situation.

Bolam
So, if I were to suggest that we continue, would you agree?

Tom
Yes, I would! Let’s continue.

Bolam
계속해서 들어볼게요. 왜 이 영양학자가 우리가 섭취하는 식이지방은 모두 가려먹어야 한다고 생각하는지, 이유를 들어볼까요?

Insert
…the brain, it's 60% fat! It's the fat-rich organ, you know, that underlies all of our behaviour, and its composition reflects the fats in our diets. So, if we don't get those right, there's no way that our brains are going to be able to function properly.

Tom
So, she says the brain is the organ that underlies our behaviour and it reflects that fats we eat in our diet.

Bolam
‘Organ’은 ‘장기/내부 신체 기관’을 의미하고, ‘underlie’ 는 ‘바탕이 되다’라는 뜻입니다. She also uses an interesting adjective to describe the brain.

Tom
She does. Listen again for the two words that come before ‘organ’.

Insert
…the brain, it's 60% fat! It's the fat-rich organ, you know, that underlies all of our behaviour, and its composition reflects the fats in our diets.

Tom
She said it’s a fat-rich organ.

Bolam
‘-rich’는 구상명사와 함께 사용하는 접미사입니다. 형용사로서 그 특성을 많이 가지고 있다는 뜻이 됩니다.

Tom
So I could say I eat a vitamin-rich  lunch full of fruit and vegetables.

L1
Or I could come from a gold-rich country!
마지막으로,꼭 필요한 지방을 먹지 않으면 뇌가 어떻게 되는지 들어볼게요.

Insert
It's the fat-rich organ, you know, that underlies all of our behaviour, and its composition reflects the fats in our diets. So, if we don't get those right, there's no way that our brains are going to be able to function properly.

Bolam
자, 다시 ‘if’절을 썼네요. 이번에는 예상 가능한 결과에 대해 이야기하기 위해서‘going to’를 함께 썼습니다.

Tom
That’s right! She says ‘if we don't get those right, there's no way that our brains are going to be able to function properly’.

Bolam
그리고 ‘there’s no way’라고 했는데, ‘가능성이 없다’는 의미입니다.

Tom
Also, she doesn’t say ‘our brains are going to be able to function properly’. She uses the contracted form, ‘gonna’. Say it with me to practise.

gonna
gonna be able
gonna be able to function

Bolam
Thanks, Tom! 그럼 다음 시간에 또 만나요!

Tom
See you then everybody! Bye!

Language features

Listen to today’s clip in full here.

Source: Bringing Up Britain

If I were to

If I were to is an example of a past tense being used to demonstrate hypothesis – unreal/imagined situations or ideas. It is an exception to the rule that ‘was’ must follow ‘I’.

If I were to eat fast food every day, I would get fat.

We could also write this sentence clause using the base verb, eat, in the simple past.

If I ate fast food every day, I would get fat.

Both of the above sentences demonstrate the second conditional, where we use ‘if’ clauses to talk about hypothetical situations.

-rich

‘-rich’ is a suffix we can use with concrete nouns. When added with a hyphen, it creates a compound adjective.

There is a lot of oil in the desert. = The desert is oil-rich.
I work in an oil-rich country.

We don’t use -rich with abstract nouns.

underlie

To underlie is to be the basis of something, or the reason why it happens. It’s component words are ‘lie’ and ‘under’, which implies a foundation upon which something is built.

Chemical reactions in our brain underlie all of our behaviour.

We can also use the adjective form, underlying.

I think one of the underlying reasons why your son doesn’t like reading is that he has poor eyesight!

How does fat affect the brain?

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
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Join us for our next episode of Listen Here when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
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Session Vocabulary

  • dietary fat
    식이지방

    carbohydrate
    탄수화물

    to underlie

    바탕이 되다

    composition
    구성

    organ
    장기/ 신체 내부기관

    reflect
    반영하다

    no way
    가능성 없음