บทเรียน 26: Our future on Mars?
- 1 Pop-ups
- 2 Hidden talents
- 3 Can't buy me love
- 4 Travellers' tales
- 5 The colleague from hell
- 6 Jurassic mystery: unpacking the past
- 7 Career changes
- 8 Art
- 9 Project management
- 10 The dog ate my homework!
- 11 The diary of a double agent
- 12 Fashion forward
- 13 Flat pack skyscrapers
- 14 Extreme sports
- 15 Food fads
- 16 Me, my selfie and I
- 17 Endangered animals
- 18 A nip and a tuck: cosmetic surgery
- 19 I'm really sorry...
- 20 Telling stories
- 21 Fakes and phrasals
- 22 Looking to the future
- 23 Becoming familiar with things
- 24 From rags to riches
- 25 Against the odds
- 26 Our future on Mars?
- 27 Where is it illegal to get a fish drunk?
- 28 Dodgy dating
- 29 Annoying advice
- 30 I'll have been studying English for thirty weeks
Session 1: Adjectives from names
New adjectives come into English formed from the names of famous people.
They describe something that person is famous for:
an Orwellian vision of the future
a Freudian slip (something you say that shows your unconscious thoughts)
His life was a Shakespearean tragedy.
Some kings' and queens' first names are commonly used as adjectives. These adjectives mean ‘from the time of that king or queen’:
an Edwardian chair
We usually form adjectives from the names of writers and scientists with the suffix –ian:
The house was so old it was almost Dickensian.
Adjectives from politicians names are often formed with the suffixes –ist and –ite:
More eponymous adjectives
Bringing up a family all by yourself is a herculean task.
He's so chauvinistic. He never lets his wife drive. He says' women can't drive and should stay in the kitchen. What an idiot!
He's a mercurial talent, which makes him very difficult to work with.
I can't believe how narcissitic he is. He spends hours in the gym, not working out but mostly looking at himself in the mirrors.
We have a purely platonic friendship. She's someone I can really talk to and I wouldn't want to ruin it by getting involved intimately.
I took up martial arts when I was a teenager and got into the national team a few years later.
Eponymous adjectives with -esque
In the style of Salvador Dali, the Spanish surrealist painter.
In the style of Frank Capra, the Italian-American film director.
In the style of Peter Paul Rubens, the Flemish painter.
In the style of Bob Dylan, the musician from the US.
In the style of Franz Kafka, the writer.
In the style of Monty Python, the British comedy group.
Non-eponympous adjectives with -esque
a place that is attractive and charming
There are hundreds of picturesque villages in rural France.
a description of someone tall, dignified and graceful: usually used about a woman.
The princess looked statuesque in her stunning dress.
looking disgusting and ugly or shockingly inappropriate
At Halloween he went out in a grotesque mask that was really scary. When he was chairman of the company he earnt a grotesque amount of money.
Session 3 - One-way ticket to Mars
place where a group of people live, away from their home country
suffer from thirst for a period of time
spending the rest of your life
a place where people live
the solar system
the system of planets that move around our Sun
possibility that something can be done
sure, impossible to persuade
whittled down to
created to look like something else
according to the script
according to plan
(of a vehicle) without a human driver inside
vehicle which drives across land (here, across planet Mars)
able to be breathed
make the cut
be chosen or successful in a competitive situation
Session 4 - By this time next week...
difficult, in a good way that tests you
making you feel satisfied because you have done something useful or good
without a job
(here) close with a key
made my way through
(here) small electric piano
person who works with electrical equipment
Session 5 - Gulliver's travels
a mixture of substances which explodes
wanting something that someone else has
rows of soldiers
make people do something or obey a rule
cruel, not moral
a situation where everything has been destroyed