บทเรียนย่อย 1

Hyphens: those little dashes we sometimes use in English to make compound nouns and adjectives like hard-working. But how do you know when to use a hyphen and when not to? This session will help you.

บทเรียนย่อยในบทเรียนนี้

คะแนนจากบทเรียนย่อย 1

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Are you a hard-working and well-respected person?

Two-word adjectives with hyphens

How do you describe someone who works hard and who people have a good opinion of?

John is really hard-working and is a well-respected member of our team.

We can add participles to some nouns, adverbs and adjectives to make two-word adjectives. They're easy to make, and fun to use - but do you know when to write these adjectives with hyphens - and when to leave the hyphens out?  

Complete the activity

To do

Time for a quiz! It's not too mind-numbing, so see if you can get them all right! Listen again to 6 Minute Vocabulary if you need help - or take a look at the vocabulary box on this page.

Hard-working? Here's a quiz!

7 Questions

Choose the correctly punctuated phrase for each gap

ยินดีด้วยคุณทำแบบฝึกหัดเสร็จแล้ว
Excellent! เยี่ยม! แย่หน่อย! คุณทำคะแนนได้:
x / y

End of Session 1

That's it for another language-improving session! We hope you have learnt a lot about how hyphens work in some English phrases. Join us in Session 2 for a review of present tenses. See you there!

Session Vocabulary

  • Compound adjectives with hyphens:

    adjective/adverb + present participle
    a hard-working student

    adjective/adverb + noun
    a last-minute decision

    noun + adjective
    a world-famous athlete

    adverb/noun + past participle before a noun
    well-respected politicians

    three-word compound adjectives before a noun
    out-of-date fashion

    Compound adjectives without hyphens:

    adverb/noun + past participle after a noun
    the politicians were well respected

    three-word compound adjectives after a noun
    that voucher is out of date

    compound adjectives made with an adverb ending in –ly, both before and after a noun
    a carefully written letter
    the letter was carefully written