บทเรียนย่อย 2

Listen to find out how to ask for information in English.
ከመይ ጌይርና ብእንግሊዝ ሓበሬታ ከም እንሓትት ንምፍላጥ ጽን ኢልና ንስማዕ።

บทเรียนย่อยในบทเรียนนี้

คะแนนจากบทเรียนย่อย 2

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    แบบฝึกหัด 1

แบบฝึกหัด 1

How do I ask for information politely?

ነዞም ዝስዕቡ ካብ ዝተሓተ ናብ ዝለዓለ ደረጃ ትሕትና ስርዕዎም።

Where’s the nearest supermarket, please?
Tell me where the nearest supermarket is. 
Can you tell me where the nearest supermarket is, please?

መልስኹም ንምርግጋጽ ስምዑ። ቀጺልኩም ከኣ ምስዚ ኣብ ታሕቲ ዘሎ ጽሑፍ ኣወዳድርዎ።

แสดงเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง ซ่อนเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሰላም፣ እንቋዕ ናብ መደብ How do I… ብድሓን መጻእኩም። ኣነ ተኽልማርያም በኪት ኢየ፡ ምሳና’ውን ሳም ኣላ።

Sam
Welcome, everybody.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ኣብ ናይ ሎሚ ትምህርትና፡ ከመይ ጌርና ሓበሬታ ከም እንሓትት ክንርኢ ኢና። ኣብ መንጎ ኣዳምን ካልኦት ሰለስተ ሰባትን ዝተገብረ ዝርርብ ብምስማዕ ንጀምሮ።
እንተዘይተረዲእኩም ኣይትሸገሩ: ድሓር ክንሕግዘኩም ኢና። ንሕጂ፡ ንኣዳም ብምስማዕ፡ ነቶም ዝዛረቦም ዘሎ ሰባት ዝፈልጦም እንተ ኾይኑ ንወስን።
ገለ ዝሕግዘኩም ቃል 'the nearest supermarket' ‘እታ ዝቐረበት ዓባይ ድንኳን’ ማለት ኢዩ፡

Adam
Excuse me! Where's the nearest supermarket, please?
Woman 1
Oh, yes. Turn down here on the left, then…

Adam
Hello! Sorry to bother you. Do you know where the nearest supermarket is, please?
Man
Yes, I do. Go straight down here, then…

Adam
Hello! Can you tell me where the nearest supermarket is, please?
Woman 2
Yes, of course I can. It's just down here on the…

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
እንታይ ይመስለኩም? ሳም፡ ኣዳም ነቶም ዝዛረቦም ዝነበረ ሰባት ይፈልጦም ኢልኪ’ዶ ትሓስቢ?

Sam
No, I think he was talking to strangers, people he didn't know. So he was being very polite.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
እወ፡ ንሱ ብጣዕሚ ትሑት 'polite' ነይሩ ። ሳም፣ ኣዳም ንሰባት ብትሕትና ክሓትት እንታይ ዓይነት ቃላትን ሓረጋትን ተጠቒሙ?

Sam
Well, he used 'please' a lot! And also 'excuse me' and 'sorry to bother you' in a polite voice or intonation.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
እወ፣ ንሱ ብትሕትንኡ ንኣቓልቦ ሰባት ንምስሓብ ነዘን ዝስዕባ ሓረጋት ተጠቒሙ፡ ኣይኮነን ድዩ?

Sam
Absolutely! And then he asked for the same thing, but in three different ways.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ስለዚ ደጊምና ነታ ቀዳመይቲ ሕቶ ንስምዓያ። ንሱ ነታ ሕቶ ብኸመይ ይጅምራ?

Where's the nearest supermarket, please?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ነቲ ሕቶ ብ 'Where's…', ይጅምሮ፣ ማለት ብ 'Where' ‘ኣበይ’ ከምኡ’ውን 'is' ብሓባር ኮይኖም፡ በቲ ዝሓቶ ሕቶ ኣስዒቡ። ከምኡ’ውን ጎኒ ጎኒ ‘where’ ዝተፈላለዩ ቃላት ክትጥቀሙ ትኽእሉ።

Sam
Yeah, you can say 'What's the nearest supermarket?' or 'Which is the nearest supermarket?'
Shall we practise the pronunciation? Repeat after me:
Where's the nearest supermarket, please?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Thank you, Sam! ስለዚ ናይ ኣዳም ሕቶ ትሑት እኳ እንተነበረ፡ ቀጥታዊ ኢዩ ነይሩ። ኣብ እንግሊዝ ዘይቀጥታዊ ሕቶታት እውን ኣለዉና። ንኣዳም ደጊምና ንስምዓዮ- እቲ ካልኣይ ክፋል ናይቲ ሕቶ ሓደ ዓይነት ኢዮም። እንተኾነ ግን ነፍሲ ወከፍ ሕቶ ከመይ ከም ዝጀመሮ ኣስተውዒልኩምዎ’ዶ?

Do you know where the nearest supermarket is, please?
Can you tell me where the nearest supermarket is, please?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሕራይ፡ ስለዚ እቲ ቀዳማይ ብ 'Do you know where…?’ ጀሚሩ። ኣበይ ምዃኑ ትፈልጡ’ዶ ማለት ኢዩ?

Sam
And the second question started with 'Can you tell me where…?'

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
'ኣበይ ከም ዝኾነ ክትነግረኒ'ዶ ምኸኣልካ፧ ማለት ኢዩ። ንኽልቲኦም ሕቶታት’ከ ብኸመይ ዛዚምዎም?
ንናይ ሳም ኣደማምጻ እናተለማመድኩም፡ እዚ ግሲ 'is' ኣበይ ከም ዝኣቱ ኣስተውዕሉ።

Sam
Ready? Repeat after me:
Do you know where the nearest supermarket is, please?
Can you tell me where the nearest supermarket is, please?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ተዓዚብኩምዎ’ዶ? ኣብ ዘይቀጥታዊ ሕቶታት እቲ ግሲ ማለት ኣብዚ ጉዳይ 'is', ድሕሪ እቲ እንሓቶ ዛዕባ ይኸይድ።
ሕጂ ልምምድ እትገብሩሉ እዋን ኢዩ።
ዓይኒ ምድሪ 'the toilet' ኣበይ ከም ዘሎ ክትፈልጡ ምስእትደልዩ፡ ንሓደ ጋሻ ትሓቱ። ንሕቶኹም ብ 'where' ጀሚርኩም 'please', ምባል ኣይትረስዑ፡ ድሕሪኡ ድማ ምስ ናይ ሳም ኣወዳድርዎ።

Sam
Where's the toilet, please?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ግርም! ሕጂ ድማ ብዛዕባ እቲ ዓይኒ ምድሪ ሕተቱ፡ ኣብዚ ግዜ እዚ ግን ን 'is' ድሕሪ 'the toilet' ኣእትውዋ።

Sam
Do you know where the toilet is, please?

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Good! ከምዚ ዝስዕብ ክትብሉ እውን ትኽእሉ፣ 'Can you tell me where the toilet is, please?'
ስለዚ ሕጂ ሓበሬታ ብትሕትና ከመይ ጌርኩም ከም እትሓቱ ፈሊጥኩም ኣለኹም!

Sam
Yes, well done, everyone!

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ኣብ ዝቕጽል How do I… ብሰላም የራኽበና። ሰላም ቀንዩ። Bye!

Sam
Until next time, bye!

Learn more

1. ንሓደ ሰብ ሓበሬታ ክንሓትት ምስ እንደሊ ከመይ ጌይርና ኣቓልቦኡ ክንስሕብ ንኽእል?

እቶም ናይ ሓባር ሓረጋት እዞም ዝስዕቡ ኢዮም፡

Excuse me!
Sorry!
Sorry to bother you.

2. Please’ ን ‘thank you’ እንተ ተጠቒመ፡ ትሑት ኣለኹ ማለት ድ?
ቀጥታዊ ሕቶ ይሐትት እንተ ደኣ ሃለኹ፡ 'Please' ተጠቒመ ምስ ቕኑዕ ኣደማምጻ ትሕትና ከስምዕ ይኽእል።

Where’s the nearest supermarket, please?
Where does bus number 10 leave from, please?

 ሕቶ ቃል

 ‘be’ ግሲ ወይ ሓጋዚግሲ

ነገር

ቀንዲ ግሲ

 

Where

What

Which

When

How

 

  

is/ are

 

the nearest supermarket?

 

 

does/ do

 

bus number 10

leave from?

3. ካልኦት ናይ እንግሊዝ  ትሑት ኣገባባት ኣተሓታትታት ኣለዉ’ዶ?

እወ፡ ከም’ዚኦም ዘይቀጥታዊ ሕቶ ክንሓትት ንኽእል።

Do you know where the nearest supermarket is, please?
Can you tell me where the nearest supermarket is, please?

4. ኣብ ቅርጺ፡ ኣብ መንጎ ቀጥታውን ተዘዋዋርን ሕቶታት ዘሎ ፍልልይ እንታይ ኢዩ?

እቲ ቀንዲ ፍልልይ፡ ኣብ ቅርጺ፡ ናይ ቀጥታዊ ሕቶታት በቲ ናይ ሕቶ ቃል ኣይንጅምርን ከምኡ እውን ተሓጋጋዚ ግሲ ኣይንጥቀምን። ኣብ ክንድኡ ከም በዓል Do you know…ወይ ከኣ Can you tell me… ብዝብሉ ሓረጋት ንጅምር።

Do you know where the nearest supermarket is, please?
Can you tell me where bus number 10 leaves from, please?

ናይ ትሕትና ሓረግ

ናይ ሕቶ ቃላት

ነገር

be’ ግሲ ወይ ቀንዲ ግሲ

 

Do you know…

 

Can you tell me…

 

where

what

which

when

wow

 

 

the nearest supermarket

 

 

is/ are?

bus number 10

leaves from?

ብኸመይ ሓበሬታታት ብትሕትና ንሓትት።

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ቅኑዕ መልሲ ምረጹ።

ยินดีด้วยคุณทำแบบฝึกหัดเสร็จแล้ว
Excellent! เยี่ยม! แย่หน่อย! คุณทำคะแนนได้:
x / y

Come to our Facebook group, where you can ask us and the rest of the group for information!
ኣብ ፈይስቡክና ብምምጻእ፡ ንዓናን ንኣባላትናን ሓበሬታ ክትሓቱ ትኽእሉ?

Join us for our next episode of How do I…, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ኣብ ዝቕጽል How do I…, መደብና ማለት ብዙሕ ጠቓሚ ቋንቋ እንመሃረሉን ናይ ምስማዕ ብቕዓትኩም ትለማመዱሉን የራኽበና።

Session Vocabulary

  • the nearest supermarket
    እታ ዝቐረበትን ዝዓበየት ድኳን

    the toilet
    እቲ ዓይኒ ምድሪ

    Excuse me!
    ይቕሬታ

    Sorry!
    ይቕሬታ!

    Sorry to bother you.
    ይቕሬታ! ረቢሸካ።