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เลือกบทเรียน

## บทเรียนย่อย 39

In today’s episode we will be discussing whether children should be paid to do their maths homework.

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แบบฝึกหัด 1

## แบบฝึกหัด 1

### Should we pay kids to do homework?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

• homework
• responsibility
• financial inducement

# Quiz

According to the OECD, how much homework do British 15-year olds do every week?

a) nearly 10 hours
b) nearly 5 hours
c) nearly 15 hours

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

แสดงเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง ซ่อนเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง

ምህረተስላሴ
ሰላም! የተለያዩ ርእሰ ጉዳዮችን እያነሳን፣ እንዴት በእንግሊዘኛ እንደሚገለጹ ወደምንማርበት የ English Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ምህረተስላሴ እባላለሁ። አብረውኝ ደግሞ. . .

Phil
Hi, I'm Phil.

Tom
And I'm Tom. Hi everybody, welcome to today's episode.

ምህረተስላሴ
የዛሬ ዝግጅት ስለልጆችና እና የቤት ስራ ያወሳል።
በኦኢሲዲ መረጃ መሰረት፤ የአስራ አምስት ዓመት እንግሊዛውያን በየሳምንቱ ምን ያህል የቤት ስራ ይሰራሉ?
ሀ)አስር ሰዓት ገደማ
ለ)አምስት ሰዓት ገደማ
ሐ)አስራ አምስት ሰዓት ገደማ
ፊል ምን ይመስልሃል?

Phil
I don't know what the answer is, but I think 15 hours a week sounds about right.

Tom
But surely they need to have time to play, as well?

Phil
Play is fine – but let's be honest, if you haven't got a good understanding of language, maths and science, then you're not going to be that successful as an adult.

ምህረተስላሴ
ስለ ጉዳዩ ያለዎትን ምልከታ እንይ እስኪ፤ የቤት ስራቸውን ለሚሰሩ ልጆች ክፍያ ስለሚሰጥ መተግበሪያ የሚያወሳ የቢቢሲ ዓለም አቀፍ አገልግሎት፣ ዎርልድ ኧፕዴት የተባለ መሰናዶ ዘገባ እናዳምጥ።

News presenter
8 years ago Mohamad Jebara designed an online maths programme for children, mildly successful, but six months ago he added another dimension - children would be paid real money if they completed their maths exercises and according to Mr Jebara, their performance skyrocketed.

Mr Jebara
…So we've been testing this with a pilot group over the last six months, and we have seen that 75% of them are completing their three exercises in a week, which is about an hour's worth of work in the week.

ምህረተስላሴ
ታዲያስ ስለጉዳዩ ምን አሰባችሁ?

Phil
Oh come on, that's ridiculous! People should take studying seriously, not just do it for the money.

Tom
I thought you want them to stop doing frivolous things like playing, no?

ምህረተስላሴ
'Frivolous' ልጆች ጨዋታ የተባለ ሁሉ አይቀራቸውም። ብይ፣ ሰኞ ማክሰኞ፣ ድብብቆሽን ብዙዎቻችን እናስታውሳለን።

Phil
Yeah, but I want them to be driven by the importance of learning. I don't think this does that.

ምህረተስላሴ
'Driven' ቆርጦ መነሳት ማለት ነው። ቆርጦ መነሳት 'driven' ትምህርት የመቅሰም መሰረት ነው።

Tom
So, you don't think that cold, hard, cash is a driver for people to learn?

Phil
No, that's not a real 'driver' – it's just financial inducement – we should be better than that.

ምህረተስላሴ
'Financial inducement' የገንዘብ ማበረታቻ ማለት ነው። ያው ሁሉም ነገር የሚሰራው በዚህ መንገድ አይደል?

Tom
Well, yeah that's what I was going to say. Inducing people to do something with money isn't always bad – isn't that why we get paid for working in the first place? I think there's something good about showing people that there's an upshot to the choices that they make.

ምህረተስላሴ
'An upshot' ውጤት ማለት ነው። Don't you think children should learn that every action has an upshot?

Phil
Well, yes but – shouldn't the upshots be about learning? Why does everything have to be about money?

Tom
Because it's teaching people responsibility and if it means that they learn maths at the same time – that’s great! I mean, if you think homework is a good thing then you should be happy about this Phil.

ምህረተስላሴ
እሺ፤ ዳግም ስለ ቤት ስራ እያወራን በመሆኑ፤ ለዛሬው ጥያቄ መልስ እንስጥ። የአስራ አምስት ዓመት እንግሊዛውያን በሳምንት ምን ያህል ሰዓት የቤት ስራ በመስራት እንደሚያጠፉ ነበር የጠየቅናችሁ። መልሱ ለ) አምስት ሰዓት ገደማ ነው።

Tom
Yes, that sounds sensible – time to study, and time to have a life as well.

Phil
Hmm, doesn't seem enough to me. Maybe they do need the financial inducements.

Tom
I thought you said that motivation should come from somewhere else?

Phil
Maybe you convinced me.

Tom
Now, there's a first!

ምህረተስላሴ
እሺ፤ መሰናዷችን እየተገባደደ ነውና ዛሬ የተወያየንባቸውን ቃላት እንከልስ። 'frivolous' የጨዋታ ተግባር ማለት ነው። 'driven' ቆርጦ መነሳት፣ 'financial inducement' የገንዘብ ማበረታቻ፣ 'upshot' ውጤት ማለት ናቸው።
አብራችሁን ስለቆያችሁ እናመሰግናለን። ለተጨማሪ የኢንግሊሽ ቱጌዘር ዝግጅቶች በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

# Meaning & Use

Something that is frivolous is not serious or unimportant.

I get really annoyed when people describe my job as frivolous.
I think playing videogames is a frivolous way to spend time.

Someone who is driven has a strong desire to achieve something.

She was so driven to get fit that she went to the gym every day.
You need to be driven in you want to succeed.

## financial inducement (noun)

A financial inducement is a sum of money intended to convince someone to do something.

The low tax rate was a financial inducement for companies to move there.
She thought that her bonus was a good financial inducement to work hard.

## upshot (noun)

The upshot of something is the consequence or result.

The upshot of the discussion was that we decided to do things differently.
The had a massive argument yesterday. The upshot of that is they won't talk to each other for a while.

## Should we pay kids to do homework?

4 Questions

ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ

ยินดีด้วยคุณทำแบบฝึกหัดเสร็จแล้ว
Excellent! เยี่ยม! แย่หน่อย! คุณทำคะแนนได้:
x / y

What do you think? Should children be paid to do their homework? Tell us on our Facebook group.
ምን ይመስልዎታል? ሕፃናት የቤት ስራቸውን ለመስራታቸው ሊከፈላቸው ይገባል? በፌስቡክ ቡድናችን ይንገሩን

ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለጾችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ ኢንግሊሽ ቱጌዘር ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

## Session Vocabulary

• homework
የቤት ስራ

performance
ክዋኔ

importance
ወሳኝ

responsibility
ኃላፊነት

frivolous
ተራ፣ የጨዋታ፣ አዝናኝ ተግባር

driven
የተነቃቃ፣ ፅኑ ፍላጎት ያለው/ላት

financial inducement
የገንዘብ ማበረታቻ

repercussion
መዘዝ