บทเรียนย่อย 33

You don't have to be macho to be male.
In today's episode we will be discussing male primary school teachers.

ወንድ ለመሆን የግድ ወንዳወንድ መሆን አይጠብቀብዎትም
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን ስለወንድ የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት አስተማሪዎች እናወራለን

บทเรียนย่อยในบทเรียนนี้

คะแนนจากบทเรียนย่อย 33

0 / 4

  • 0 / 4
    แบบฝึกหัด 1

แบบฝึกหัด 1

You don’t have to be macho to be male

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

  • to consider something
  • a perception
  • macho

Quiz

According to The Organisation for Co-operation and Development, in which of the following countries are primary school teachers almost 50% male?

a) Greece
b) Mexico
c) Saudi Arabia

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

แสดงเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง ซ่อนเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง

ዘሩባቤል
ሰላም! ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ዘሩባበቤል እባላለሁ። አብረውኝ ደግሞ. . .

Sam
Hi, I’m Sam.

Phil
And I’m Phil. Hello everyone!

ዘሩባቤል
በዛሬው ዝግጃታችን ዕድሜያችው ከአምስት ዓመት በታች የሆኑ ወንድ ህፃናት ጋር ከሚሰሩ ሁለት በመቶ ብቻ የሆኑ የለንደን ነዋሪዎች አንዱ ስለሆነ የአንደኛ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት መምህር እናዳምጣለን። ይሄም በዓለም ዙርያ ስላሉ የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት መምህራን እንድናስብ አደረገን። The Organisation for Co-operation and Development ከተባለው ተቋም የተወሰደው የዛሬው ጥያቄያችን ከሚከተሉት አገራት ውስጥ የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ መምህራን ሃምሳ በመቶ ገደማ ወንዶች የሆኑባት የትኛዋ ናት? ይላል።

ሀ) ግሪክ
ለ) ሜክሶኮ
ሐ) ሳዑዲ አረቢያ

Phil
I think I know the answer to that one…

ዘሩባቤል
Yes, we’ll give you the answer later in the programme. ለአሁን ግን የቢቢሲ ወርልድ ሰርቪስ ከወንድ የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ መምህር ጋር ያደረገውን ቃለ መጠይቅ እናዳምጥ።

Journalist
So what do you think it is that puts men off from coming into the profession in the first place?

Jamal
The thing about a lot of men is, yeah, a lot of them haven’t tapped into that side of their personality yet. But, I think that, what will draw people to the profession is, if they had more knowledge about the profession. They will understand that, uhm, they will get to see the benefits that it will have having a balanced workforce, you know… It breaks down the whole ‘you have to be macho to be a male’ thing, you know. Basically, we’re positive role models for them, you know, and we show them a whole different side of this ‘being a male’ thing.

Sam
Wow, really interesting! I thought he made some really good points about what puts men off thinking about being a primary school teacher.

ዘሩባቤል
አዎ፥ ወንዶችን ሲጀመርም ‘in the first place’የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት መምህር እንዳይሆኑ ፍላጎት የሚያሳጠቸው ‘puts men off’ ጉዳይ በተመለከተ የጋዜጠኛዋን ጥያቄ መልሷል።  

Phil
Knowing that it involves working with children is enough to put me off!

ዘሩባቤል
You would never ‘consider it’እንደውም አታስበውም?

Phil
Absolutely not. I’d be terrible.

Sam
You’d be better than you think, Phil. You have sides of your personality that are more fun and playful and silly... You would just need to tap into them!

ዘሩባቤል
‘To tap into something’ አንድን ነገር ማጉላት ማለት ነው። Yes, I’ve seen you tap into those sides of your personality here in the studio sometimes, Phil.

Phil
What about you, Sam? Were you ever drawn to being a primary school teacher?

ዘሩባቤል
‘To draw someone to something’ አንድን ሰው ወደአንድ ጉዳይ መሳብ ወይም መማረክ ማለት ነው።

Sam
No, never. I think if we want to draw more people to primary school teaching – male or female – we need to have more respect for the profession.

ዘሩባቤል
Maybe some people don’t respect primary school teachers because the ‘perception’ ‘ግንዛቤ is they spend all day playing with children?

Phil
But they do a lot more than that. Like the teacher was saying earlier – having more male primary school teachers would help break down these incorrect perceptions.

ዘሩባቤል
Maybe, yes. ‘To break something down’አንድን ነገር መቀየር ወይንም ማስቀረት ማለት ነው።

Sam
And some countries have obviously been successful in breaking these ideas down. I’m curious – what was the answer to the quiz you asked us earlier?

ዘሩባቤል
እሽ፥ ቀደሚ ሲል ጠይቀንዎት የነበረው ጥያቄ፥ ወንድ የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ መምህራን ሃምሳ በመቶ የተጠጉ የሆነባት አገር የትኛዋ ናት የሚል ነበር።

ሀ) ግሪክ
ለ) ሜክሲኮ
ሐ) ሳዑዲ አረቢያ  

ትክክለኛው መልስ ሐ) ሳዑዲ አረቢያ ነው

Phil
That’s what I thought.

Sam
Right again, Phil!

Phil
Always, Sam.

ዘሩባቤል
ስለዚህ ርዕሰ ጉዳይ ምን አሰቡ? የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤቶች ተጨማሪ ወንዶችን ወደ ማስተማር ስራ መሳብ ‘draw more men to teaching’ያለባቸው ይመስልዎታል? በእኛ አገር ውስጥ ይህንን ሙያ ወንዶች እንዳይከተሉ ፍላጎት የሚያሳጡ  ‘put men off’ ምን ምን ጉዳዮች ያሉ ይመስልዎታል?

የዚህን ሳምንት ዝግጅታችንን አጠናቅቀን ከመሰናበታችን በፊት ዛሬ ስንነጋገርባቸው የነበሩትን ቃላት እንመልከት። ሁሉም ‘phrasal verbs’ግሳዊ ሐረጎች ናቸው፤ ከአንድ በላይ ቃላት የተመሰረቱ ግሶች። ‘to put someone off from doing something’  አንድ ሰው አንድን ነገር እንዳያከናውን ፍላጎት ማሳጣት ማለት ሲሆን ‘to tap into something’ አንድን ነገር ማጉላት ማለት ነው፤ ‘to draw someone to’ አንድን ሰው መሳብ ወይንም መማረክ ማለት ነው። ‘to break something down አንድን ነገር መቀየር/ማስቀረት ማለት ነው።

አብራችሁን ስለቆያችሁ እናመሰግናለን። ለተጨማሪ የ English Together ዝግጅቶች በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

Meaning & Use

put someone off from doing something (phrasal verb)

If someone or something puts you off from doing something it means that you are discouraged from doing it. We often use this phrase to talk about something unpleasant that makes us not want to do something.

My bad experience with my manager has really put me off working in retail.
Knowing that teaching involves working with children is enough to put me off!
I was very ill after eating fish on holiday. I've been put off seafood ever since.

tap into something (phrasal verb)

When you tap into something, you manage to use something in a way that brings you positive results.

Working with children has really helped me tap into my creativity.
You have sides of your personality that are more fun and playful. You just need to tap into them!

draw someone to (phrasal verb)

If someone is drawn to something, it means they are attracted to it. We often use this phrase to talk about the reasons why we do something.

Some people think we need to draw more people to primary school teaching.I think he was always drawn to travelling – he loves new experiences.

break something down (phrasal verb)

When you break something down, you challenge it or show it to be wrong. We often use 'break down' to talk about prejudices and stereotypes that we think are unfair.

Having more male primary school teachers would help break down these negative perceptions.
We need to break down the idea that people are more important just because they have a lot of money.


Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct answer for the question.

You don’t have to be macho to be male

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ

ยินดีด้วยคุณทำแบบฝึกหัดเสร็จแล้ว
Excellent! เยี่ยม! แย่หน่อย! คุณทำคะแนนได้:
x / y

Over to you!

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ ኢንግሊሽ ቱጌዘር ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Do you think schools should try to draw more men to teaching in primary level? What are some of the things that put men off from joining the profession in your country? Tell us on our Facebook group!

Session Vocabulary

  • to put someone off from doing something 
    አንድ ሰው አንድን ነገር እንዳያከናውን ፍላጎት ማሳጣት

    to tap into something 
    ማነቃቃት/መቆስቆስ

    to draw someone to something 
    አንድን ሰው በአንድ ጉዳይ ላይ መማረክ/መሳብ

    to break something down 
    አንድን ነገር ለያይቶ ወይንም በዝርዝር መመልከት

    in the first place 
    ሲጀመር/መጀመሪያውኑ

    to consider something 
    አንድን ነገር ማጤን

    a perception 
    ግንዛቤ

    macho
    ወንዳወንድ

    a profession
    ሙያ