บทเรียนย่อย 10

Do you think large cities make people lonely?
In today’s episode we will be discussing how easy it is to make friends in a large city.

ከተሞዎች ሰዎችን ብቸኛ ያደርጋሉ ብለው ያስባሉ?
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን በትልቅ ከተማ ውስጥ ጓደኛ ማፍራት ምን ያህል ቀላል እንደሆነ እንወያያለን።

บทเรียนย่อยในบทเรียนนี้

คะแนนจากบทเรียนย่อย 10

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Lonely in London

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and expressions mean:

  • lonely
  • vibrant
  • opportunities

Quiz

Which of these cities is the biggest? Is it:

     a. Lagos in Nigeria
     b. London, in the UK
     c. Delhi in India

Listen to the discussion about living in cities and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

แสดงเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง ซ่อนเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง

Presenter
ሃይ፥ ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ሐና እባላለሁ። አብሮኝ/አብራኝ አለ/አለች።

Sam
Hi, I’m Sam.

Phil
And I’m Phil.  Welcome!

Presenter
ዛሬ በለንደን ከተማ ሰዎች ምን ያህል ብቸኛነት እንደሚያጠቃቸው የሚያወሳ ታሪክ እንሰማለን። ታሪኩን ከመስማታችን በፊት ግን የዛሬው ጥያቄ ይሄው፤ ከሚከተሉት ከተሞች መካከል በጣም ትልቁ የትኛው ይመስልዎታል?

ሀ) የናይጄሪያዋ ሌጎስ

ለ) የዩኬዋ ለንደን

ሐ) የሕንዷ ዴልሂ

Phil
Well, I live in London, and it’s definitely big – but I haven’t been to Delhi, or Lagos… and I’d love to, they look like really interesting places. But, I don’t know. Uhm, what do you think, Sam?

Sam
Well, I’ve been to Delhi and I think it’s great, but I don’t know which is bigger.

Presenter
ብዙም አይጨነቁበት -ጥቂት ቆይተን እናየዋለን- አሁን ከእነዚህ ከተሞች በአንደኛዋ መኖር ምን እንደሚመስልና ሰዎች ያሉባቸውን ችግሮች የሚያወሳ የቢቢሲ ታሪክ እንከታተል።

News insert
More than a quarter of Londoners say they feel lonely often or all of the time, according to a survey commissioned by BBC London. Research company Populus interviewed 1,000 adults in London for the poll. And while the majority said they had someone in London who could help them in a crisis, a third said they felt they did not know their neighbours and 28% said there was little or no sense of community where they live.

Presenter
ይህ ታሪክ ከተሞች፥ በዚህኛው አጋጣሚ ደግሞ ለንደን፥ እንዴት ብቸኛነትን የሚያከናንቡ ስፍራዎች ሊሆኑ እንደሚችሉ የሚያወሳ ነው። በዚህ ይስማማሉ?

Sam
I live in London, and that just means I’m always busy! I think I’d prefer to live somewhere where people have time for each other.

Phil
But living in a big city means you meet so many people, it’s so vibrant.

Presenter
'Vibrant' የተሟሟቀ ማለት ነው። So you like the fact that lots of things are happening?

Phil
Yeah, whatever you like doing, you can do it here. The place is just full of opportunities, you know what I mean?

Presenter
I know exactly what you mean – opportunities መልካም ዕድሎች ናቸው።Do you manage to take advantage of the opportunities?  

Phil
Yeah, sort of, I’ve done lots of things. And I’ve met lots of people.

Presenter
Yes, big cities provide lots of opportunities. So, Sam you must agree with that, right?

Sam
Uhm, let’s look at this a different way… Phil, how often exactly do you do those things? And these new people… do you see any of them a second time?

Phil
Oh, all the time… and I meet up with loads of people.

Sam
No, but really… how often…? 

Phil
Let me see… erm… well…. You know…. I go to some kind of event at least every couple of months, and there’s a couple of people I’ve met more than once.

Presenter
That’s not really ‘all the time’… is it?

Sam
Well, you see – that’s the thing, cities are vibrant and full of opportunities… but most people don’t take those opportunities – and it’s hard to get to know people well when the population is transient.

Phil
Transient?

Presenter
'Transient' ጊዜያዊ ማለት ነው።

Phil
So, it means people are always moving in or out of a city?

Sam
Or moving around the city – groups of friends can end up being very dispersed. 

Presenter
Yes, dispersed. የተበታተነ ማለት ነው።

Sam
Yes, and that’s why people get lonely in cities like London, Lagos or Delhi. People’s friends are dispersed over a wide area.

Presenter
ይህ የዛሬውን ጥያቄ አስታውሰኝ- ከለንደን፥ ከሎጎስ እና ከዴልሂ ትልቋ ከተማ ማን ናት?. . .  የተባበሩት መንግስታት ድርጅት እንደሚለው መልሱ ዴልሂ ናት የሚል ነው። እርሷን ተከትሎ ሌጎስ ትልቅ ስትሆን፥ ለንደን ከሦስቱ ትንሿ ናት።

Phil
So, Delhi’s bigger than London? Imagine all the opportunities I could have there.

Sam
Well, maybe we can see if we can get you a transfer, Phil.

Presenter
Phil is very excited about all the opportunities he could have! እርስዎስ? እርስዎ በሚኖሩበት ስፍራ “opportunities” አሉ? በአካባቢዎ ሰዎች “transient” እና “dispersed” ናቸው? የዚህ ሳምንት ዝግጅታችንን አጠናቅቀን ከመሰናበታችን በፊት ዛሬ ስናወራባቸው የነበሩትን ቃላት አንዴ እናንሳ- ሁሉም ከከተሞች ጋር የተገናኙ ናቸው። Vibrant” የተሟሟቀ ማለት ሲሆን “opportunities” ደግም መልካም የስራ ዕድሎች ናቸው።  “transient” ጊዜያዊ ማለት ሲሆን “dispersed” ደግሞ ተበታትኖ ያለ እንደማለት ነው። አብረውን ስለቆዩ እናመሰግናለን፤ ለተጨማሪ የEnglish Together ዝግጅት በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

Meaning & Use 

vibrant (adjective)

Vibrant is an adjective that means that something is full of life or energy. 
Toronto is home to many vibrant immigrant communities.

Opportunity (noun)

An opportunity is the possibility to do something..
I saw an opportunity to try a new job, and I took it.

Transient (adjective)

Something described as transient only stays as it is for a short time. 
University cities often have a large transient population, it changes constantly.

Dispersed (adjective)

Something that is dispersed is distributed over a wide area.
If medical centres are dispersed across the city, people won't have to travel far to see a doctor.

Lonely in London

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

ยินดีด้วยคุณทำแบบฝึกหัดเสร็จแล้ว
Excellent! เยี่ยม! แย่หน่อย! คุณทำคะแนนได้:
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Over to you!

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Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ እንግሊዝኛን በጋራ ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Session Vocabulary

  • vibrant
    የተሟሟቀ

    opportunities
    መልካም ዕድሎች

    transient
    ጊዜያዊ/ ተቀያያሪ

    dispersed
    የተበታተነ

    lonely
    ብቸኛ

    culture
    ባህል

    population
    ሕዝብ

    explore
    መፈተሽ፥ ማሰስ