บทเรียนย่อย 1

How accurate are our first impressions of people when we first meet them? In today’s episode we will be discussing first impressions.
ከሰዎች ጋር ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ ስትገናኙ ስለ እነሱ የሚኖራችሁ ግምት ምን ያህል ትክክለኛ ነው? በሚኖረን ክፍለ ጊዜ ስለዚህ ዓይነቱ ግምት እንወያያለን።

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    แบบฝึกหัด 1

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First Impressions

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • a first impression
  • a handshake
  • to judge

Quiz

Which one of these three things has an impact on people’s first impression of you:

  • the colour of your eyes?
  • how quickly you smile?
  • the shape of your face?

Listen to the discussion on the topic of ‘first impressions’ and find out the answer.

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

แสดงเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง ซ่อนเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง

የኤልአንድአቅራቢ/እየተናገረ/
ሰላም፥ ስለ ወቅታዊ  ጉዳዮች ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የ English Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ሐና እባላለሁ። አብሮኝ/አብራኝ …… አለ/አለች።

Sam
Hi, I’m Sam.

Kee 
And I’m Kee. Welcome!

የኤልአንድአቅራቢ/እየተናገረ/
ዛሬ ስለ ‘first impressions’ የመጀመሪያ ስሜቶች እና አንድን ሰው ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ ስናገኝ ሰለምናሳልፈው ፍርድ ትክክለኛነት እናወራለን።
Before we listen to the BBC Radio 4 news item on the topic, we have a quiz question based on research findings published by The Go Group - ከሚከተሉት ሶስት ነገሮች መካከል ሰዎች ስለእርስዎ የሚፈጥርባቸው የመጀመሪያ ስሜት ላይ ተፅዕኖ የሚፈጥረው የትኛው ነው?

ሀ) የዓይኖችዎ ቀለም

ለ) ፈገግ የሚሉበት ፍጥነት

ሐ) የፊትዎ ቅርጽ

መልሱን በኋላ እንነግርዎታለን።

Sam
What do you think? I think someone’s eyes are very important.

Kee
No, eyes? Handshakes are important for me. If they haven’t got a good strong handshake, they will not make a good impression on me.

የኤልአንድአቅራቢ/እየተናገረ/
የእጅ አጨባበጥ The type of handshake is not one of the options, Kee.

Kee
I don’t care. That’s the first thing I notice.

Sam
But, Kee, didn’t you hear the news the other day from Princeton University?

News insert
The moment we see a photograph of someone, we can make an instant judgement about them.  But that doesn’t mean these first impressions are right, of course. A Professor from Princeton University in the U.S. has spent many years studying first impressions from faces and says there's no solid evidence that these judgements are correct about the character of the person.

Sam
See? That study says that you shouldn’t judge a person immediately when you first meet them…

Kee
Look, I know that’s what they say, but I can’t help it.

Sam
So, you always make an instant or snap judgement when you first meet new people, do you?

የኤልአንድአቅራቢ/እየተናገረ/
‘An instant judgement’ ወይንም ‘snap judgement’ አንድን ሰው ገና ከማግኘትዎ ስለሰውየው ወይንም ስሴትዮዋ የሚኖርዎት አስተያየት ማለት ነው። Did you make a snap judgment of me when you first met me?

Kee
Yes, of course, I did. My snap judgment was that you had a strong handshake and I thought you were very confident. Not like Sam!

የኤልአንድአቅራቢ/እየተናገረ/
Oh, Kee, thank you.

Sam
But, Kee, how can someone’s handshake really tell you anything about them? I think the old expression is true: ‘don’t judge a book by its cover’.

የኤልአንድአቅራቢ/እየተናገረ/
I agree Sam! ‘Don’t judge a book by its cover’ መጽሐፍን በሽፋኑ ብቻ አትመዝኑት ማለት ሲሆን፥ ብዙ ጊዜ ግን ሰዎች ይህንን ያደርጋሉ። ስለዚህ ካወራን አይቀር ቀደም ሲል ያቀርብንልዎትን ሰዎች ስለእርስዎ የሚፈጥርባቸውን የመጀመሪያ ስሜት የተመለከት ጥያቄ ያስታውሳሉ። መልሱ ለ) በምን ያህል ፍጥነት ፈገግ ይላሉ የሚለው ነው። በፍጥነት ፈገግ የሚሉ ከሆነ ሃቀኛ እንዳልሆኑ ለሰዎች ሊሰማቸው ይችላል ይባላል፤ በዝግታ ፈገግ ካሉ ግን ይህ እውነተኛነትን ይጠቁማል።

Kee
Don’t judge a book by its cover is for people who don’t trust their instincts! I’m always right when I first meet someone.

Sam
Maybe not, Kee. The study says that first impressions are NOT a good way of judging someone’s character. 

የኤልአንድአቅራቢ/እየተናገረ/
በትክክል! ‘Character’ ስብዕና ማለት ነው።

Sam
You really need to get to know someone before you can learn about their character, you know, know who they really are. 

Kee
Yeah, but the few times I told myself to keep an open mind, my instincts ended up being right.

የኤልአንድአቅራቢ/እየተናገረ/
‘Keep an open mind’ አዕምሮን ለተለያዩ አስተሳሰቦች ክፍት ማድረግ ማለት ነው።. It’s always important to keep an open mind, I think. 

Sam
Give me one example of when you’ve kept an open mind, Kee!

Kee
Look, I tried to keep an open mind when I first met you because I knew we would be working together…

Sam
…And?

የኤልአንድአቅራቢ/እየተናገረ/
Uh oh, this could be interesting.

Kee
And my instincts were correct! You smile too much.

Sam
What do you mean I smile too much? I’m friendly!

የኤልአንድአቅራቢ/እየተናገረ/
አዎ ሳም ተግባቢ ነሽ ።
እርስዎስ? ‘snap judgments’ ያሳልፋሉ ወይንስ ‘to keep an open mind’ ይሞክራሉ?
የዛሬውን ዝግጅታችንን አጠናቅቀን ከመሰናበታችን በፊት፥ ስናወራባቸው የቆየናቸውን ቃላት አንዴ እንመልከት፤ ሁሉም አዳዲስ ሰዎችን ከማግኘት ጋር የተያያዙ ናቸው። ‘An instant or snap judgement’፤ አንድን ሰው ገና ከማግኘታችን ስለእርሱ ወይንም ስለእርሷ የምናሳልፈው ብያኔ ሲሆን ‘don’t judge a book by its cover’፤ ደግሞ በፍጥነት ፍርድን ማሳለፍ እንደሌለብን የሚያስረዳ አባባል ነው፤ ‘character’, የአንድን ሰው ስብዕና የሚያዋቅሩ ባህርያት እና ‘to keep an open mind’ ለተለያዩ አስተያየቶች አዕምሮን ክፍት ማድረግ የሚል ትርጉም አላቸው።
አብረውን ስለቆዩ እናመሰግናለን፤ ለተጨማሪ የ English Together ዝግጅት በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

Meaning & use

 an instant judgement/snap judgement (a noun phrase)

‘An instant or snap judgement’ is one that you make very quickly as soon as you see a person or situation.

She needed an answer straight away so I made an instant judgement on which was the best option.
It was a snap judgement, but I didn’t like him from the moment I saw him.

don’t judge a book by its cover (an idiom)

This idiom means that it is important not to make a judgement too quickly.

I thought she looked very serious, but I found out that she was really friendly when I got to know her. I shouldn’t judge a book by its cover.
The town looked dark and dirty, but the people there are great – you can’t judge a book by its cover.

character (noun)

Someone’s ‘character’ is the combination of different characteristics that make up their personality.

If you want to be a leader you need to have the right character.
I just really like her character, she’s really friendly, but honest as well.

to keep an open mind (an expression)

‘Keeping an open mind’ means waiting until you have all the facts before making a judgement.

I’m not sure I like this new job, but I’m going to keep an open mind and see if it gets better.
I’ve learnt to keep an open mind when I meet new people – they often turn out to be different to how I had expected.

 

 

First Impressions

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ክክለኛውን መልስ ምረጡ

ยินดีด้วยคุณทำแบบฝึกหัดเสร็จแล้ว
Excellent! เยี่ยม! แย่หน่อย! คุณทำคะแนนได้:
x / y

Over to you!

So, what about you? What do you think is important when you first meet people? How do you make a good first impression? How do people make a good first impression with you? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ይበልጥ ጠቃሚ የሆኑ አገላለፆችን የምንማርበትና የመስማት ክህሎት የምናዳብርበትን የእንግሊዘኛን አብረን ክፍለ ጊዜ ይከታተሉ።

Session Vocabulary

  • an instant or snap judgement
    ፈጣን ግምት

    don’t judge a book by its cover
    መፅሃፍን በሽፋኑ አትገምቱ

    character
    ፀባይ

    to keep an open mind
    አእምሮን ክፍት ማድረግ

    a first impression
    የመጀመሪያ ግምት

    a handshake
    መጨባበጥ

    to judge
    ለመገመት

    I can’t help it
    ምንም ማድረግ አልችልም