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In today’s episode we will be discussing why, all over the world, women live longer than men.
स्त्रिया पुरुषांपेक्षा जास्त जगण्यामागचं कारण काय आहे?

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Why do women live longer than men?

Why do women live longer than men?

In today’s episode we will be discussing why, all over the world, women live longer than men.

स्त्रिया पुरूषांपेक्षा जास्त का जगतात?
आजच्या भागात स्त्रियांचं आयुर्मान पुरूषांपेक्षा जास्त का आहे याबद्दल माहिती घेणार आहोत.

Quiz
Women live longer than men - what is the gap in life expectancy between the sexes? Is it:

a)      2 years
b)      4 years
c)      6 years

Listen to discover the answer!  

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

แสดงเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง ซ่อนเนื้อหาบทบันทึกเสียง

Tejali
नमस्कार मित्रांनो!Hello and welcome to English Together, असा शो जिथे आपण चर्चा करतो निरनिराळे विषय आणि त्यासंबंधित शब्दांची. मी तेजाली आणि आज माझ्याबरोबर आहे सॅम आणि टॉम.

Sam
Hi, I’m Sam.

Tom
And I’m Tom. Hi everybody, thanks for joining us again!

Sam
Do you want to know something interesting, Tom?

Tom
Ok…but I don’t usually love your ‘interesting facts’, Sam!

Sam
Well, you’re probably not going to like this one, either, because…I’m going to live longer than you.

Tom
You’re going to live longer than me?! How do you know?   

Tejali
She knows, Tom, because it’s a fact – women live longer than men. जागतिक आरोग्य संघटना म्हणजे World Health Organisation (WHO)च्या म्हणण्याप्रमाणे साल २००० ते २०१६ मध्ये जगभरात लोकांचं आयुर्मान साडेपाच वर्षांनी वाढलं आहे. पण तरीही पुरुषांपेक्षा महिलांचं आयुर्मान जास्त आहे. हे किती जास्त आहे माहितीये? तीन ऑप्शन्स आहेत. दोन वर्ष, चार वर्ष की सहा वर्ष?

Tom
Oh, so it’s not that big a gap! 6 years isn’t so bad!

Tejali
We’ll tell you the answer later. आत्ता आपण न्यूकॅसल युनिव्हर्सिटीच्या प्रोफेसर कॅरोल जॅगर यांच्या मुलाखतीचा एक भाग ऐकू, त्यावरून आपल्याला प्रश्नाचं उत्तर मिळायला मदत होईल. 

 
News insert

Men seem to be less health-seeking and when they’re ill, they will tend to go to the GP less often than women, and they will adhere less to treatment than women do. Women seem to be programmed to live longer to care for the next generation and there’s some evidence that that carries on even further into grand-parenting, as well. Though I’m not saying that men are disposable, but women are needed to look after and bring up the next generation.

Sam
So, basically, men are worse at looking after themselves than women. They go to the doctor’s less, and adhere less to the treatment the doctor gives.

Tejali
‘To adhere to treatment’ म्हणजे दिलेल्या उपाचारांचं योग्य रीतीने पालन करणे, दिलेले उपचार नीट घेणे . So it seems that men don’t listen to what the doctors tell them.

Tom
Well, that’s not true! I always adhere to what the doctor says. After all, they are the experts. In fact, I’m definitely health-seeking, as well!

Tejali
‘To be health-seeking’ म्हणजे आपल्या आरोग्याची नीट काळजी घेणारे. Tom, does that mean you go to the doctor’s often?

Tom
Well, not often, but if I need to go, I will. Everybody in my family is health-seeking. We’re not professional medics, so we listen to what they say!

Sam
Well, that’s very good, Tom, but you’re in the minority. Men are more likely to die of cancer and heart disease than women, and men drink, smoke and take more drugs than women.

Tom
Hang on, that’s not entirely fair. There are also other factors that contribute to men dying younger, too. We tend to do riskier jobs and tend to do more dangerous activities, for example.  

Tejali
That’s true. Many risky, labor intensive jobs still have male dominance, like construction labour, mining labors, may be shop floor labors in heavy industry.   ‘To tend to do something’ म्हणजे एखाद्या गोष्टीकडे कल असणे.

Sam
Ok… but some of that is also your choice. Men tend to be attracted to risk, and women tend to focus on looking after their families. So we have to live longer or what would happen to the future of the human race?!

Tejali
मला वाटतं हीच वेळ योग्य आहे माझ्या प्रश्नाचं उत्तर द्यायची. मी विचारलेलं स्त्री आणि पुरूषांच्या आयुर्मानातला फरक किती आहे? ऑप्शन्स होते साधारण दोन वर्षं, साधारण चार वर्षं की साधारण सहा वर्षं? आणि याचं बरोबर उत्तर आहे 4.4 वर्षं, म्हणजे जवळपास चार वर्षं.

Tom
Ha, 4 years? That’s nothing! Sam, are you saying that women are responsible for the future of the human race all on their own and that men are disposable?

Tejali

‘To be disposable’ म्हणजे वापरून झाल्यावर टाकून देण्याजोगे. Yes, what are you saying, Sam?

Sam
Of course not! I don’t think you’re disposable at all! How would I do this programme without you

Tom
Well, if your facts are correct, you’ll have to one day! In fact, you’ll have to do it for 4 years.

Sam

My facts??

Tom

Yep, your fact, Sam. You’ll have to ask Sian to help you when I’m gone.

Tejali

Who would argue with you then, Sam?
तुम्हाला याबाबत काय वाटतंय? ? पुरूष आरोग्याची योग्य काळजी घेत नाहीत, they ‘tend to be less health-seeking’ than woman असं वाटतं का तुम्हाला?  पण तुम्ही आरोग्याची काळजी घेता का? And Do you ‘adhere to treatment’ the doctor subscribe? आज इथेच थांबूया पण आजचा कार्यक्रम संपवण्याआधी आजचे शब्द बघू.  ‘To adhere to treatment’ म्हणजे दिलेले उपचार नीट घेणे, ‘to be health-seeking’ म्हणजे आपल्य आरोग्याची नीट काळजी घेणे, ‘to tend to do something’ म्हणजे एखादी गोष्ट करण्याकडे कल असणे, आणि ‘to be disposable’ म्हणजे वापरून झाल्यावर टाकून देता येण्याजोगे‘. आमच्या आजच्या भागाबद्दल तुम्हला काय वाटलं ते आमच्या फेसबुक ग्रुप वर सांगा पुन्हा भेटू पुढच्या भागात. Bye.

 

 

Language

To adhere to something

When you adhere to something, you support or believe in an idea or plan or opinion. We often use it in a sentence with the words: ‘idea’, ‘plan’, ‘opinion’, ‘view’, ‘belief’.

Please stop trying to change things. Let’s adhere to the plan we’ve already discussed and agreed.

Paul doesn’t adhere to the view that technology improves our lives. He lives without electricity and loves it!

Treatment

When used in the context of medicine, treatment describes the process of giving medical care.

We follow it with the preposition of when we mention the disease.

We are working on a new drug for the treatment of tropical diseases.

If you are a patient, you ‘receive’ or ‘undergo’ treatment for something.

She’s currently undergoing treatment for cancer.

My brother is receiving treatment for a severe stomach bug.

To tend to do something
If you tend to do something, you usually do a particular thing, or something is generally true.

In London, people tend to use public transport to travel to work.

It’s cheaper and quicker than driving.

 

To be disposable
If something is disposable, it is designed to be thrown away after it is used once or a few times.

Rather than using disposable razors, my father uses an old-fashioned razor blade to shave.

या प्रश्नांचं योग्य उत्तर द्या 

Why do women live longer than men?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
योग्य शब्द निवडा.

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Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
English Together चे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयावर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Vocabulary

  • to adhere to something
    पालन करणे

    treatment
    उपचार (medical treatment)

    to be health-seeking
    आरोग्याची काळजी घेणे

    to tend to do something
    कल असणे

    to be disposable
    वापरून टाकून देण्याजोगे

    the GP (General Practitioner)
    सर्वसाधारण आजारांचा डॉक्टर

    the downsides
    तोटे

    to be programmed to do something
    विशिष्ट काम करण्यासाठी तयार केलेले

    riskier
    धोकादायक