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పాఠ్యాంశం 1: The Grammar Gameshow
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  1. 1 The Grammar Gameshow

Session 26

Welcome to the Grammar Gameshow! Test your knowledge in this crazy quiz! The presenter is a bit strange, the points don't make sense and the prizes could use some improvement, but at least the grammar is correct!

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Episode 25: Reported Speech

So Bill passes his first test! That was lucky! He'll need more than luck this time round, though! This week our contestants answer questions on reported speech grammar! That he-said, she-said construction so useful for gossip, rumour, hearsay and conjecture! Will's in for a bit of an unexpected surprise when a family member turns up. Is this the end of the show for Will? Will Bill manage to pass this round? Why is that contestant carrying a glass of milk? Find out in this episode of the Grammar Gameshow!

Watch the video and then test yourself below with our quiz

రాత ప్రతిని చూపు రాత ప్రతిని చూపవద్దు

Will
Hello, and welcome to today’s Grammar Gameshow! I’m your host, Will! And If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it. You know, I can’t stand bad grammar. And of course, let’s not forget Leslie, our all-knowing voice in the sky.

Leslie
Hello, everyone!

Will
Tonight, we’re going to ask you three questions about…

Leslie
Reported speech! That he-said,she-said grammar that’s useful for gossip, rumour, hearsay and conjecture!

Will
OK! Now, let’s meet our contestants!

Bill
Hello, all. My name is Bill!

Will
And contestant number two?

Nana Will
Hello, schnookums! I’m Nana Will!

Will
Nana Will! What are you doing here? I haven’t seen you since… but that was such a long t…

Nana Will
I came to see how you’re getting on, poppet. Your mum tells me you’re doing so well. Are you wearing clean underwear?

Will
Nana! Not cool!

Nana Will
Willikins! Answer your nana right now!

Will
Yes, Nana! Clean-ish underwear, Nana.

Nana Will
Very good. Aren’t you going to introduce me to your little friend?

Will
Nana Will this is Bill. Bill this is Nana Will. Leslie, Nana Will. Nana Will, Leslie.

Bill
Hello, Nana Will.

Leslie
Hello, Nana Will.

Will
Can I get on now?

Nana Will
Yes, of course dear. Who’s stopping you?

Will
OK. Let’s get going and don’t forget you can play along at home too. Our first round is a straight-up questions round. What are the three most commonly used verbs in reported speech grammar?

Bill
Say, tell and ask.

Leslie
Correct!

Will
Tell me one verb pattern for say, tell and ask.

Bill
Say something to someone. Tell someone something. Ask someone if or whether or question word.

Leslie
Correct!

Will
Final question in this round. Give me an example of say and tell.

Nana Will
No. I’ll take this one, if you don’t mind, dearie. I remember when you were just a little sprite, and we went to the zoo, and we saw an ostrich for the first time. And do you know what he said? He said it was a big chicken! He told me it was a big chicken!

Will
Nana! Really?

Nana Will
Just answering the question, pumpkin.

Will
Leslie?

Leslie
Well done! Reported speech is used to inform the listener what was said by someone on a different occasion. The three most common reported speech verbs are say, tell and ask. Say is commonly used without a personal pronoun - Will said it was a big chicken - while tell must be followed by one. Will told Nana Will it was a big chicken. Finally, ask is used in reported questions. Ask can be followed by a pronoun and then if or whether for a yes/no question, or a question word for a question word question.

Will
Good work, Bill. Have Fifteen points for you. And, er, twenty points for Nana Will. On to round two. Answer this. What usually happens when to the tense of a sentence when it changes from direct speech to reported speech?

Bill
It usually gets rolled back one tense!

Leslie
Correct!

Will
Well done. Let’s have a practice, shall we? I’ll tell you the sentence, and you give me the reported speech version. Ready? I love my Nana.

Nana Will
He said he loved his Nana.

Leslie
Correct!

Will
Who’s been playing with my question cards?

Nana Will
It’s a mystery dear. Keep reading.

Will
I wanted to be an elephant when I was a child.

Nana Will
He told me he had wanted to be an elephant when he was a child.

Leslie
Correct!

Will
I will always listen to Nana Will.

Nana Will
He said he would always listen to Nana Will.

Leslie
Correct!

Will
Well, answer this one then! One of those sentences does not need to have its tense changed in reported speech. Which one is it, and why?

Nana Will
It’s the first one. He said he loves his Nana. This is because the situation hasn’t changed from when it was said. It is still true.

Leslie
Correct!

Nana Will
Now, don’t test me young man, or I’ll give you a smack on the botty bot-bot.

Will
Leslie!

Leslie
That’s absolutely right. When changing speech from direct to reported, remember that the tense of the direct speech should be rolled back one step towards the past. For example, present becomes past, and past becomes past perfect. However, there are one or two exceptions. Firstly, some tenses and verb types don’t change, such as the past perfect, and verbs like would and could. Secondly, if something which was said is still true at the time of reporting, no tense change is necessary. This is also true if the reporting verb say or tell is in the present tense.

Will
Well done, you get 11.2 poi…

Nana Will
Oh, Will! Before I forget, I brought you some milk.

Will
Nana Will! You’re not supposed to come ou…

Nana Will
Drink up, dear! Nana knows best! Well done!

Will
Let’s move on to our final round. Along with these tense changes… Oh, she’s gone to sleep! OK, everyone let’s…right.  Along with these tense changes, certain subjective words must also change when converted to reported speech. Have a look at these sentences, and tell me which words need to change. He said “I’m here now.” Yes, Bill?

Bill
He said he was there then.

Leslie
Cor… Correct!

Will
I said “I got this last Tuesday.” Yes, Bill?

Bill
You said you had got that the Tuesday before.

Leslie
Cor… Correct!

Will
They said “We’ll be there next year.” Yes, Bill?

Bill
They said they would be there the year after.

Leslie
Correct!

Will
Leslie?

Leslie
Great stuff! In speech, certain words such as pronouns, place and time words will be relative to that context. Later, when these are transferred into reported speech, they may need to change, so be careful!

Will
And that brings us to the end of today’s Grammar Gameshow. Let’s count out the points… And the winner is… Bill!  Yay! Woo! Well done! Here’s what you won!

Nana Will
Young man. Blood is thicker than water. I’ve combed your hair. I’ve taken you to school. I’ve even changed your nappy. So, don’t tell me I lost.

Will
Nana! You’re awake. How wonderful. And the winner is Nana! Well done! Here’s what she’s won!

Leslie
It’s a nice cup of tea!

Will
We’ll see you again next week, where you can play for another prize. And Bill... sorry old pal. I can't play anymore. Nana’s orders. Whoops! I must have pushed the wrong button! Unleash the ravages of time.

Bill
Will! Did you just… to your Nana!

Will
Oh, don’t worry. She’s tough as old boots, that one. She’ll be fine. It’s the animals that I feel sorry for. It looks like we’ll need another contestant. Thanks for joining us. Say goodbye, Leslie.

Leslie
Nagaatti, Leslie

Will
See you next time.

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Did you like that? Why not try these?

TGGTeaser 6mingram_11_reported_speech.jpg 6min teaser

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Reported Speech

Use
Reported speech is used to tell a listener in the present what a person has said in another time and place, most likely in the past.

Reported speech verbs
The three most commonly used reported speech verbs are say, tell, and ask. Each verb has its own verb pattern. Say and tell can be followed by 'that' to introduce the reported speech clause.

Say
Say is usually not followed by a pronoun. We can say something or we can say something to someone. We can use that or not.

I said I didn't want to go to the party.
He said that he didn't want to go to the party.
They said that they didn't want to go to the party to me.

Tell
Tell must be followed by a pronoun. We tell someone something. We can use that or not.

I told you that I didn't want to go to the party.
She told him she didn't want to go to the party.

Ask
Ask is used to make reported questions. If the direct question is a yes/no question, we use if or whether in the reported question. If the direct question is a question word question, we repeat the question word in the reported question. We can ask someone something, or we can ask something. Do not use a question mark in a reported question.

You asked if I wanted to go to the party.
They asked me whether I wanted to go to the party.
We asked what time the party started.
She asked him what time the party started.

Tense change
When changing sentences from direct speech to reported speech we roll back the tense of the direct speech one step. This means that direct sentences which are in a present tense become past tense and past direct speech becomes past perfect. There are some exceptions. Direct speech which is already in the past perfect does not rollback, nor does direct speech using some verbs, such as would or could. Tense changes may not occur with speech which is still true - please see the next section.

"The train arrives at 6pm"
He said the train arrived at 6pm.
"It has been a lovely evening"
They said it had been a lovely evening.
"I left very quickly"
He said he had left very quickly.
"We will go"
They said they would go.

No tense change - still true
When something which has been said in direct speech is still true, it is not necessary to rollback the tense in reported speech. In these cases, two sentences are often possible. In addition, if the reporting verb itself is in the present tense, no tense rollback is necessary.

"I love you"
He said he loved me.
He said he loves me.
He says he loves me.

Context
Certain words that relate to person, time and place in direct speech will need to change in reported speech. This is because the context has changed. 

"I will see you here tomorrow"
She said she would see us there the day after.
"Did you put the cups here yesterday?"
He asked if I had put the cups there the day before.

To do

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