Session 1

Join us on a journey of discovery: we're going to learn all about articles! In Session 1, Emma and her travelling friends introduce us to those three little words that can mean so much.

ఈ పాఠ్యాంశం లోని సెషన్స్

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Activity 3

6 Minute Vocabulary

Compound adjectives

What vocabulary helps you describe a car journey that took nine hours - or an airline that offers cheap tickets? The answer is: compound adjectives and Finn and Catherine are here to tell you more in this week's 6 Minute Vocabulary.

ఆడియోను వినండి

రాత ప్రతిని చూపు రాత ప్రతిని చూపవద్దు

Finn
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Finn…

Catherine    
And I'm Catherine. In today’s programme we're looking at compound adjectives, like in a 22-hour journey.

Finn   
We’ll look at what compound adjectives are…

Catherine    
… we’ll see how to use them…

Finn   
There'll be a punctuation tip and a quiz...

Catherine    
And we'll leave you with a top tip for learning vocabulary.

Finn   
But first, let's hear from Rob. Rob's a racing driver and he's being interviewed after a race.

Catherine    
And here's a question to think about while you listen: how fast was Rob's lap time?

Finn
Let's find out.

INSERT
Interviewer 
Rob, congratulations on your latest win. What did that last victory mean to you?

Rob    
Honestly, I expected to win. I mean, you don't come second in a high-quality vehicle like mine.

Interviewer 
That's true - it's an impressive motor - but what you did was amazing: your fastest lap time was truly incredible.

Rob                
Well, you're right. You don't see a seventy-second lap every day.

Interviewer 
Thanks for your time Rob. Well, this year the drivers are hoping to complete the four-kilometre course in an even faster time...

STING

Finn   
So, Rob the racing driver did a seventy-second lap.

Catherine    
Well done if you got that right.

Finn   
And that's our first example of a compound adjective. It's made with a number, like seventy, and a noun, like second. Seventy-second. We put seventy-second in front of another noun, like lap, making a compound adjective which describes a noun. A seventy-second lap.

Catherine    
Let's hear another example, again starting with a number, but this time the noun describes length instead of time.

INSERT
Interviewer
Well, this year the drivers are hoping to complete the four-kilometre course in an even faster time.

Finn   
So the number four, with the noun kilometre, go together to make an adjective: four-kilometre. And take note: there's no s at the end of kilometre.

Catherine    
That's right: there's no s because the word kilometre functions as an adjective here - and we can't make adjectives plural. The adjective four-kilometre describes the noun course. A four-kilometre course.

Finn   
Some more examples with length are...

Catherine    
A 26-mile race; a six-foot man.

Finn   
Now for a punctuation note. When you write a number-noun compound adjective, you need to join the two parts together with a hyphen - a little horizontal line between the two words.

Catherine    
That's right. So you write a seventy-second lap. A six-foot man.

STING                      
You're listening to BBC Learning English.

Finn
And we're talking about compound adjectives. Here's Rob again. Listen out for another type of compound adjective.

INSERT
Rob
Honestly, I expected to win. I mean, you don't come second in a high-quality vehicle like mine.

Catherine    
Did you get that? It was high-quality. A high-quality vehicle.

Finn   
So, as well as using numbers, we can also make compound adjectives with the words high or low plus a noun.

Catherine    
High
plus quality equals high-quality. Like high-quality vehicle.

Finn   
Low
plus cost equals low-cost. Like low-cost airline. How do you feel about low-cost airlines, Catherine?

Catherine    
After my last experience, never again... Some more examples are, Finn?

 

Finn
High-speed
. A high-speed motorbike.

Catherine    
And low-fat. A low-fat yoghurt. And if you're writing, remember to join the 2 parts together with a hyphen.

Finn   
And now it's quiz time. Complete these sentences. Catherine will tell you the answers. Ready? Number one. In a balanced diet, it's important to eat ... a) high-quality carbohydrates or b) high-qualities carbohydrates.

Catherine    
It's a) high-quality carbohydrates.

Finn   
Well done if you got that. Number two. The flight from London to New York is ... a) a nines-hour trip or b) a nine-hour trip.

Catherine    
The answer's b) a nine-hour trip.

Finn   
Number three. Every morning, Catherine goes for a) a six-mile run or b) a six-miles run.

Catherine    
The answer's a) a six-mile run. But I don't.

Finn
You don't really, do you?

Catherine
No.

Finn   
In any case, well done if you got that right at home. And we're almost at the end of the show. But before we go, here's today's top tip for learning vocabulary, which is, Catherine...

Catherine    
If you use social media, join an English learning group. When you learn a new word, try to include it in at least 3 of your posts. That will help you remember the word.

Finn   
There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

Both  
Bye!

Downloads

You can download 6 Minute Vocabulary and the transcript from our Unit 8 downloads page or subscribe to the podcast from our 6 Minute Vocabulary podcast page.

End of Session 1

So, we've learnt some travel-related vocabulary and met the English articles a, an and the.

In the next session we'll meet some more of Sophie's traveller friends and look at some of the rules for using articles. See you then!

Session Vocabulary

  • Compound adjectives with numbers:

    a 22-hour journey

    a seventy-second lap

    a four-kilometre course

    a six-foot man

    a nine-hour trip

    a six-mile run

    Compound adjectives with high and low:

    a low-cost airline

    low-fat yoghurt

    a high-quality vehicle

    a high-speed motorbike

    high-quality carbohydrates