పాఠ్యాంశం 24: Eco-tourism
- 1 Nice to meet you!
- 2 What to wear
- 3 Like this, like that
- 4 The daily grind
- 5 Christmas every day
- 6 Great achievers
- 7 The Titanic
- 8 Travel
- 9 The big wedding
- 10 Sunny's job hunt
- 11 The bucket list
- 12 Moving and migration
- 13 Welcome to BBC Broadcasting House
- 14 New Year, New Project
- 15 From Handel to Hendrix
- 16 What's the weather like?
- 17 The Digital Revolution
- 18 A detective story
- 19 A place to live
- 20 The Cult of Celebrity
- 21 Welcome to your new job
- 22 Beyond the planets
- 23 Great expectations!
- 24 Eco-tourism
- 25 Moving house
- 26 It must be love
- 27 Job hunting success... and failure
- 28 Speeding into the future
- 29 Lost arts
- 30 Tales of survival
Enjoying the world's natural beauty
Do you to travel to new places? Do you enjoy nature? Would you also like to help people? Then this unit is for you! Find out about ecotourism – travelling to beautiful natural places without damaging the environment.
Re- pre- and pro-
Do you recycle your rubbish? Do you buy prepacked food? How proactive are you in protecting the environment? Listen to Neil and Catherine talk about words with the prefixes re, pre and pro in 6 Minute Vocabulary.
Here's a question for while you listen: what could you do with these bottles?
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I’m Catherine…
And I’m Neil. You know, Catherine, 6 Minute Vocabulary is great because you can listen to each programme again and again…
You can, Neil. You can reuse them…
You can! And the word reuse is a clue to today’s topic…
It is, we’re talking about prefixes – those are the two or three letters we can add to the beginning of words to change their meaning …
…like re-, in reuse.
We’ll tell you more about re- later and we’ll also tell you aboutthe prefixes pre- and pro-.
We’ll explain what all three prefixes mean and give you lots of examples.
There’ll be a quiz at the end …
… and a top tip for learning vocabulary.
But first, let’s hear from Katie. She’s an environmental campaigner. While you listen, try to answer this question: What do teachers do with cereal boxes? Here’s Katie.
Most food in supermarkets nowadays is prepacked in plastic and cardboard. This creates so much waste. Takeaways and precooked meals also use a lot of packaging. We have to re-educate people to cook for themselves so they don’t just reheat meals … and people really need to become more proactive in recycling materials. Teachers in preschool are great at this – they reuse cereal boxes to make fantastic models of robots and spaceships with the kids.
So we asked you: What do teachers do with cereal boxes?
And the answer is: They reuse them to make models of robots and spaceships.
That’s right. They make something new with the boxes. But instead of saying ‘they use the boxes again’, Katie said the word reuse. Now, the prefix re-, spelt r-e, in front of a word means again.
So re- plus use means use again. We also had re- plus cycling, which also means to use again. Listen out for more words with re- in this clip.
INSERT CLIP 1
We have to re-educate people to cook for themselves so they don’t just reheat meals.
Katie used the word re-educate. That’s re-, which means again, plus educate, so re-educate means educate again. And in this case, re-educate means teach people to behave in a different way so they start to cook for themselves.
Another other word with re- was reheat. That’s re- plus heat, making reheat, which means heat again.
Let’s have another clip. See if you can spot a different prefix.
INSERT CLIP 2
Most food in supermarkets nowadays is prepacked in plastic and cardboard. Takeaways and precooked meals also use a lot of packaging.
We heard prepacked and precooked. Both start with pre-, spelt p-r-e, which means before or already. So a lot of the food in supermarkets is already packed in cardboard and plastic – it’s prepacked.
And you can buy meals that have been made and cooked before you buy them. Pre- plus cooked means already cooked…
And the children Katie talked about were in preschool.
That’s pre- plus school, that’s preschool. It’s a place children go before they go to proper school.
So that’s re- and pre-. Now let’s talk about pro-, spelt p-r-o.
Katie said people need to be more proactive in recycling. Pro- means in support of or in favour of something.
So being proactive: pro- plus active - in recycling means making more effort to recycle things. Neil, are you a proactive recycler?
Yeah. Well, we’ve got two bins. One for recycling and one for all the food. So, I suppose I am.
Now, another word with the prefix pro- that is used a lot when talking about food is probiotic. Probiotics are good bacteria that help to keep you healthy.
You’re listening to BBC Learning English.
And we’re talking about the prefixes re-, pre- and pro-.
And now for a quiz. Number one: Which prefix goes before the word school to make the word for a place for very young children. Is it a) re- b) pre- or c) pro-?
And the answer is b) pre: it’s preschool.
Good. Number two: What would you do with a ready-made meal? Would you a) preheat it b) reheat it or c) proheat it?
And the answer is b) re: that’s reheat it.
Great. And, number three: If you want to improve your English, should you be a) reactive, b) preactive or c) proactive when you’re learning new words?
And the answer is c)it’s pro: that’s proactive.
And that’s the end of the quiz – well done if you got them right.
And now, here’s today’s top tip for learning vocabulary: try to group new words by their prefixes. This will help you to remember their meaning.
There’s more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.
Did you get it? It was recycle. We can recycle glass bottles, which means to collect and change them so that they can be used again.
End of Session 1
That's it for this session. We hope you've learnt some new eco-vocabulary and feel more comfortable using different words with prefixes. Join us in Session 2 where we'll study the grammar of the second conditional. See you there!
already cooked or partly cooked
wrapped, often with plastic or in a box, before being sold
taking action in support of something
containing good bacteria that keeps you healthy
to collect and change rubbish so that it can be used again; to use something again for a different purpose
to teach someone to think or behave in a different way
to use again