Session 6

Can considering death help to improve our lives? Today we listen to the thoughts of an end-of-life carer.


ఈ పాఠ్యాంశం లోని సెషన్స్

Session 6 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

What can thinking about death teach us about life?

Can considering death help to improve our lives? Today we listen to the thoughts of an end-of-life carer

Before you listen/ਸੁਣਨ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ

Consider the following questions:
- When you consider death, what are your main thoughts and emotions?
- What positive effects could thinking about death provide us with?

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

రాత ప్రతిని చూపు రాత ప్రతిని చూపవద్దు

ਰਾਜਵੀਰ
Hello! Welcome to Listen Here! ਮੇਰਾ ਨਾਮ ਰਾਜਵੀਰ ਹੈ ਅਤੇ ਇਸ ਪ੍ਰੋਗਰਾਮ ਵਿੱਚ ਅਸੀਂ ਤੁਹਾਡੀ ਖ਼ਬਰ ਜਗਤ ਵਿੱਚ ਵਰਤੀ ਜਾਂਦੀ ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਸਮਝਣ ਵਿੱਚ ਮਦਦ ਕਰਦੇ ਹਾਂ। ਮੇਰੇ ਨਾਲ ਮੇਰੇ ਦੋ ਸਾਥੀ ਵੀ ਹਨ…

Tom
And I’m Tom! Hi everyone!

James
And I’m James.

ਰਾਜਵੀਰ
ਅੱਜ ਅਸੀਂ ਸਾਡੇ ਸਾਰਿਆਂ ਨਾਲ ਜੁੜੇ ਹੋਏ ਇੱਕ ਗੰਭੀਰ ਮੁੱਦੇ ਬਾਰੇ ਗੱਲ ਕਰ ਰਹੇ ਹਾਂ। ਵਿਸ਼ਾ ਹੈ ‘ਮੌਤ’। Do either of you ever think about dying?

Tom
Not really, no.

James
I tend to avoid it. It’s a little bit depressing!

Tom
It is depressing.

ਰਾਜਵੀਰ
Depressing ਮਤਲਬ ਨਿਰਾਸ਼ਾਜਨਕ। ਅੱਜ ਦਾ ਕਲਿੱਪ ‘end-of-life companion’ ਵਿੱਚੋਂ ਲਿਆ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ ਇਹ ਉਹ ਵਿਅਕਤੀ ਹਨ ਜੋ ਮੌਤ ਨਾਲ ਦੋ ਹੱਥ ਹੋ ਰਹੇ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਦਾ ਹੱਥ ਫੜਦੇ ਹਨ। ਉਸ ਨੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਤਜ਼ਰਬੇ ਸਾਂਝੇ ਕਰਨ ਲਈ ਵਾਰ ਵਾਰ ਕਿਸ ਵਿਸ਼ੇਸ਼ਣ ਦੀ ਵਰਤੋਂ ਕੀਤੀ।

Speaker

I remember the first time I ever saw a dead body and that has  a really profound effect on me. There was such a profound feeling of absence. And it really made me think... What is this? What is life?

Tom
She said ‘profound’.

ਰਾਜਵੀਰ
Profound
ਮਤਲਬ ਡੂੰਗਾ ਯਾਨੀ ਡੂੰਗਾ ਪ੍ਰਭਾਵ।

James
Did you know that profound comes from Latin? Profundis means ‘deep’, which has a similar figurative meaning,

Tom
Ah, James! You demonstrated our pronunciation point for the day - ‘has a’. How does the speaker pronounce these two words? Let’s listen again!

Speaker
I remember the first time I ever saw a dead body and that has a really profound effect on me.

Tom
What was it, James?

‘Has a’. Say it with me.
a
has a
has a really profound effect.

Tom
Thanks James ! And the speaker has a really profound question, too!  ‘What is life?’ That’s profoundly difficult to answer!

ਰਾਜਵੀਰ
It certainly is! ਉਸਨੇ ਆਪਣੀ ਮੌਤ ਬਾਰੇ ਆਪਣੀ ਗੱਲ ਕਰਦਿਆਂ ਕਿਹਾ ਕਿ ਮਰਨ ਬਾਰੇ ਸੋਚਨਾ ਅਸਲ ਵਿੱਚ ਇੱਕ reality check ਹੈ, ਕੁਝ ਅਜਿਹਾ ਜੋ ਸਾਨੂੰ ਜ਼ਿੰਦਗੀ ਦੀ ਸਚਾਈ ਯਾਦ ਦਵਾਉਂਦਾ ਹੈ। ਉਸਨੇ ਸਰੋਤਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ‘you’ ਸ਼ਬਦ ਨਾਲ ਸੰਭੋਦਿਤ ਕੀਤਾ। ਭਲਾਂ ਉਸਨੇ ਸਾਰਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਸਲਾਹ ਕੀ ਦਿੱਤੀ?

Speaker
What is this? What is life? And it's a reality check, isn't it? You can't get complacent.  I think, if you do the job that I do, I chill out more and I do less and I got rid of lots of achiever fever. I don't worry so much. Because the value is in the moments. It's not in the achievements that you rack up.

Tom

She says ‘you can’t get complacent’.

ਰਾਜਵੀਰ
Complacent ਮਤਲਬ ਤਸੱਲੀ।  She’s suggesting that we always need to apply thought to the way we live, right?

Tom
That’s right, and she also said that her job helps her to ‘chill out’, which means to relax.

James
Interesting. Maybe realising that life is short helps her to ‘get rid of’ her stress and worry.

ਰਾਜਵੀਰ
To get rid of
ਮਤਲਬ ਕਿਸੇ ਚੀਜ਼ ਨੂੰ ਅਣਦੇਖਿਆ ਕਰਨਾ।  What else does her job help her to ‘get rid of’? Listen again for the phrase.

Speaker
I think, if you do the job that I do, I chill out more and I do less and I got rid of lots of achiever fever.

James
She said she ‘got rid of achiever fever’. Fever is a form of illness.

Tom
And an achiever is a person who achieves!

ਰਾਜਵੀਰ
Achiever fever –ਜਦੋਂ ਕਾਮਯਾਬੀ ਸਿਰ ਤੇ ਚੜ੍ਹ ਜਾਵੇ ਤਾਂ ਇਹ ਇਜ਼ਹਾਰ ਵਰਤਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ , ‘ਜਿੱਤ ਦਾ ਬੁਖ਼ਾਰ’। Do you have achiever fever, James?

James
No, not really. I but I do think professional and personal achievements are important. Did you hear what the speaker said is most important?

ਰਾਜਵੀਰ
ਚਲੋ ਇੱਕ ਆਖਰੀ ਵਾਰੀ ਸੁਣਦੇ ਹਾਂ। ਉਹਨਾਂ ਨੇ ਜ਼ਿੰਦਗੀ ਦਾ ਕੀ ਮੁੱਲ ਪਾਇਆ, ਕਿਸ ਨਤੀਜੇ ਉੱਤੇ ਪਹੁੰਚੇ।

Speaker
I chill out more and I do less and I got rid of lots of achiever fever. I don't worry so much. Because the value is in the moments. It's not in the achievements that you rack up.

James 
She says the value of life is ‘in the moments’. Moments meaning the small, everyday parts of life, right?

Tom
Correct, I think she’s saying that appreciating every second of life is more important than concentrating on the achievements that we rack up.

ਰਾਜਵੀਰ
To rack up
ਮਤਲਬ ਚੀਜ਼ਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਤਰਤੀਬ ਵਿੱਚ ਇਕੱਠਾ ਕਰਨਾ।

James
And we’ve racked up quite a few minutes for this show!

Tom
We have! I hope today’s episode has had a profound effect on you, not a depressing one!

James
Bye everybody!

Tom

Bye!

ਰਾਜਵੀਰ
See you next week for more Listen Here! Bye!

Language features

Listen to today’s clip in full here
Source: The Power of Negative Thinking

Language features

to get rid of 

To get rid of means ‘to throw away’ or ‘to discard’. This expression is followed by a noun phrase, which usually describes something which we no longer want, need or require.

You need to get rid of some of your old clothes! There is no space in the wardrobe.

We can change the main verb, get, to use this expression in different tenses.

When I lived in the countryside I had a car, but I got rid of it when I moved to the city.

to rack up

To rack up is a phrasal verbs which means ‘to accumulate’ or ‘to obtain’. It is often used to describe large amounts of something.

I think it’s more important to appreciate the friends you have, instead of trying to rack up new ones.

The football team have racked up their fifteenth victory this season!

moment

We usually use the noun moment to describe a short period of time.

There were several moments during the meeting when I wanted to speak, but I didn’t.

Moment can also mean ‘a situation’ or ‘an opportunity’.

I am waiting for the right moment to propose to my girlfriend.

 

What can thinking about death teach us about life?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ਸਹੀ ਜੁਆਬ ਚੁਣੋ।

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Join us for our next episode of Listen Here when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.

Listen Here ਦੀ ਅਗਲੀ ਕੜੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਸਾਡੇ ਨਾਲ ਜੁੜੋ , ਜਿਥੇ ਅਸੀਂ ਸਿਖਾਂਗੇ ਹੋਰ ਵਰਤੋਂਯੋਗ ਇੰਗਲਿਸ਼ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਅਤੇ ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਸੁਣਨ ਦੇ ਹੁਨਰ ਦਾ ਅਭਿਆਸ ਕਰਵਾਵਾਂਗੇ।

Session Vocabulary

  • depressing
    ਨਿਰਾਸ਼ਾਜਨਕ

    end-of-life companion
    ਜੀਵਨ ਦੇ ਆਖਰੀ ਪੜਾਅ ਦੇ ਸਾਥੀ

    profound
    ਡੂੰਘਾ

    a reality check
    ਅਸਲੀਅਤ ਦੀ ਜਾਂਚ

    complacent
    ਤਸੱਲੀ

    chill out
    ਮਨ ਸ਼ਾਂਤ ਕਰਨ ਲਈ ਮਜ਼ੇ ਕਰਨਾ

    achiever fever
    ਪ੍ਰਾਪਤੀ ਦਾ ਬੁਖ਼ਾਰ/ਹੰਕਾਰ