పాఠ్యాంశం 27: Where is it illegal to get a fish drunk?
-ing and -ed clauses
- 1 Pop-ups
- 2 Hidden talents
- 3 Can't buy me love
- 4 Travellers' tales
- 5 The colleague from hell
- 6 Jurassic mystery: unpacking the past
- 7 Career changes
- 8 Art
- 9 Project management
- 10 The dog ate my homework!
- 11 The diary of a double agent
- 12 Fashion forward
- 13 Flat pack skyscrapers
- 14 Extreme sports
- 15 Food fads
- 16 Me, my selfie and I
- 17 Endangered animals
- 18 A nip and a tuck: cosmetic surgery
- 19 I'm really sorry...
- 20 Telling stories
- 21 Fakes and phrasals
- 22 Looking to the future
- 23 Becoming familiar with things
- 24 From rags to riches
- 25 Against the odds
- 26 Our future on Mars?
- 27 Where is it illegal to get a fish drunk?
- 28 Dodgy dating
- 29 Annoying advice
- 30 I'll have been studying English for thirty weeks
Session 1: Activity 1
Brand names that become part of the language
Are you on Skype?
Some of these brand names are then used as verbs and other nouns:
I'll facebook you about it tonight.
I sometimes spend hours just googling.
The brand name has a capital letter but the verb and noun derivatives do not:
Are you on Skype?
Hoover / to hoover / do the hoovering
Xerox / to xerox / a xeroxed document
Facebook / to facebook / facebooking
Skype / to skype / skyping
Google / to google / googling
Rollerblade / to rollerblade / rollerblading
Activity 2: Useful words
a legally recognised name or design used to identify the product of a particular company.
That shape of bottle is a trademark of Coca Cola.
a product with a particular name from a company
There are many different brands of washing powder in the supermarket.
(adjective) referring to a product in general without connection to a particular company or brand
To hoover has become a generic verb meaning to vacuum clean.
Activity 3: New language of technology
to take something for granted
to expect that something will always be there and not think it's unusual or special to have it.
We take our gadgets for granted and would be lost without them.
in something's infancy
in the very early stages of something's development and use
Driverless cars are in their infancy but their use will soon grow.
to coin a term/expression/phrase
to be the first person to say a word or phrase that then becomes more widely used
William Shakespeare coined many phrases that are now common in English.
internet sites that allow people to share comments, photos, videos etc with friends and others
I spend too much time on social media every day.
the first decade of the 21st Century (2000 - 2009)
I became a teenager in the noughties and I don't really remember a time without the internet.
a search engine
a software tool for looking for information on the internet
One of the best things to learn is how to use a search engine properly.
Session 4: British public signs
new activities, often dangerous
came in handy
people who enter a place without the owner's permission
officially accused of a crime
period when a young person develops into an adult
step out of line
break the laws or rules
arrangement to pay later
makes people upset
toe the line
behave as expected
state the obvious
say something everybody knows
land and buildings belonging to someone
(here) faced with so many questions or messages that you can't deal with them
pay attention to
(Closed-circuit television) a system used for monitoring and security and not for public entertainment
Session 5: Gulliver's Travels
(of a boat) moving on the water not controlled by anyone
staying on the surface of water
see, with difficulty
pulled using a machine with a rope or chain
an ordinary person (not a god)
taken somewhere by someone
music played by many instruments
(of music) having a good tune