Session 1

Are you paying attention? Lots of English words end with the suffixes -ion, -sion and -tian. But which suffix goes with which word? In this session, we'll share some suffix-related spelling tips. 

ఈ పాఠ్యాంశం లోని సెషన్స్

Session 1 score

0 / 12

  • 0 / 0
    Activity 1
  • 0 / 5
    Activity 2
  • 0 / 7
    Activity 3

Activity 1

6 Minute Vocabulary

Suffixes -tian, -sion, -tion

What is your secret ambition? Do you have a confession to make? Have you ever met a Martian? Listen to Finn and Catherine talk about words with the suffixes -ion, -sion and -tian in this episode of 6 Minute Vocabulary. You'll hear about a theft from a museum and lots of examples of words with these suffixes.

ఆడియోను వినండి

రాత ప్రతిని చూపు రాత ప్రతిని చూపవద్దు

Catherine    
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Catherine…

Finn
And I'm Finn. Now make sure you pay attention because we have a lot of information

Catherine
That's right… and attention and information are a good introduction to the programme.

Finn
They are. They both end in 'shun' /ʃ(ə)n/, which is the suffix we're talking about.

Catherine
Suffixes are groups of letters at the end of words which can change the form or meaning of a word, or both.

Finn
And we'll tell you about the three different ways to spell the suffix 'shun'.

Catherine
And we'll give you examples of words with all three spellings, plus some tips for knowing which spelling to use…

Finn
We'll have a quiz…

Catherine
…and we'll finish with a top tip for learning vocabulary.

Finn
But first, let's hear a news report about the theft of a valuable statue.

Catherine
While you listen, think about this question: Where was the statue from? Here’s the report.

INSERT
A man was charged today following an investigation into the theft of valuable objects from the museum. The man confessed after witnesses came forward with information and his description appeared in the newspapers. In his confession,he said that he had gained admission to the museum by pretending to be a security guard. Police recovered items including a priceless Venetian vase and an Egyptian statue.

Catherine
So, we asked you: Where was the statue from?

Finn
And the answer is: Egypt. It was Egyptian.

Catherine
That's right. And the word Egyptian has the suffix 'shun' spelt t-i-a-n. And we usually find this spelling in adjectives that describe where something or someone comes from.

Finn
So, the stolen Egyptian statue came from Egypt…

Catherine
Exactly, and the Venetian vase came from Venice.

Finn
In these examples, the suffix 'shun', spelt t-i-a-n, turns the noun into an adjective; and these adjectives are often written with a capital letter because they come from proper nouns. Now, another example is Martian - and Martians come from Mars!

Catherine
I suppose they do. Let's listen to another clip with more words that end in 'shun'. See if you can spot them.

INSERT CLIP 1
A man was charged today following an investigation into the theft of valuable objects from the museum. The man confessed after witnesses came forward with information and his description appeared in the newspapers.

Finn
So we had three words ending in 'shun' - investigation, description

Catherine
…and information.

Finn
Now here, the 'shun' at the end is spelt t-i-o-n.This is the most usual spelling for 'shun'.

Catherine
And words with 'shun' spelt t-i-o-n are nouns. They usually come from verbs.

Finn
So the word investigation comes from the verb investigate… the word description comes from describe

Catherine
…and the word information comes from the verb inform.

Finn
There are many words with this spelling of 'shun'. We told you to pay attention at the start of the programme…

Catherine
Yep and there are other words like addition, subtraction, accommodation, population

Finn
Many, many more. So that’s words with the suffix 'shun' spelt t-i-o-n and t-i-a-n. Now let's look at the third spelling of the suffix 'shun': s-i-o-n.

Catherine
And here they are in another clip.

INSERT CLIP 2
In his confession,he said thathe had gained admission to the museum by pretending to be a security guard.

Finn
So we had confession and admission.

Catherine
Yes, nouns with the ending 'shun' spelt s-i-o-n are often based on words ending in double -s or -m-i-t like confession from confess...

Finn
Expression from express

Catherine
discussion from discuss

Finn
admission from admit…

Catherine
…and permission from permit.

IDENT          
You're listening to BBC Learning English.

Catherine
And we're talking about the suffix 'shun'. We can spell it in three different ways…

Finn
There's t-i-a-n, as in Egyptian or Venetian. These are adjectives which indicate someone or something's origin.

Catherine
Or we can spell it s-i-o-n. And these words are nouns and are often based on verbs ending in -s-s, like discussion from discuss.

Finn
…or verbs ending in -t like permission from permit.

Catherine
And finally, the most common spelling t-i-o-n, as in nouns like information and ambition.

Finn
Oh, ambition, yeah. Catherine, do you have a secret ambition?

Catherine
I have an ambition. It's not so secret but I would love to go to Africa on a safari. What about you, Finn?

Finn
Oh, yes, travel as well. I’d love to travel through South America one day.

Catherine
I hope you get to do it.

Finn
Thank you.

Catherine
Quite soon. Now, time for a quiz. What is the correct spelling for the ending of these words. Is it t-i-o-n, s-i-o-n, or t-i-a-n?  Ready?

Finn
OK…

Catherine
Number one: Egyptian…

Finn
Egyptian is t-i-a-n.

Catherine
Good. Number two: permission.

Finn
Permission: s-i-o-n.

Catherine
And number three: attention.

Finn
Attention ends with the suffix 'shun' spelt t-i-o-n.

Catherine
Fantastic. And that's the end of the quiz. Well done if you got them right.

Finn
And now, here's a top tip for learning vocabulary: to help you learn new words, try linking them into a story. Now this can really help you remember their meaning.

Catherine
Top tip. And there's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

Both              
Bye!

Downloads

You can download 6 Minute Vocabulary from our Intermediate Unit 24 Downloads page. Remember, you can also subscribe to the podcast version.

Vocabulary points to take away 

Words ending in -tion:

  • ambition
  • accommodation
  • addition
  • attention
  • description
  • information
  • investigation
  • population
  • subtraction

Words ending in -sion:

  • admission
  • confession
  • discussion
  • expression
  • permission

Words ending in -tian:

  • Egyptian
  • Martian
  • Venetian

Next

Are you ready for the continuation of this session? Time for some exploration of some more words with suffixes!

Session Vocabulary

  • Words ending in -tion

    ambition
    accommodation
    addition
    attention
    description
    information
    investigation
    population
    subtraction

    Words ending in -sion

    admission
    confession
    discussion
    expression
    permission

    Words ending in -tian

    Egyptian
    Martian
    Venetian