Session 35

In today's episode we discuss the effects caused by millions of new internet users in developing economies.
ኣብ ናይ ሎሚ ክፋል፡ ብዛዕባ ኣብ ሳልሳይ ዓለም ዝርከቡ ሓደሽቲ ተጠቀምቲ ኢንተርነትን ሳዕቤናቱን ክንዘራረብ ኢና።

ఈ పాఠ్యాంశం లోని సెషన్స్

Session 35 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Good morning India!

In today’s episode we discuss the effects caused by millions of new internet users in developing economies.ኣብ ናይ ሎሚ ክፋል፡ ብዛዕባ ኣብ ሳልሳይ ዓለም ዝርከቡ ሓደሽቲ ተጠቀምቲ ኢንተርነትን ሳዕቤናቱን ክንዘራረብ ኢና።

Quiz 

According to Morgan Stanley research and official figures from the United Nations, approximately what percentage of India's population is millennial (between the ages of 18 and 34) in 2018?
a) 11%
b) 22%
c) 33%

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

రాత ప్రతిని చూపు రాత ప్రతిని చూపవద్దు

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
ሰላም፡ እንቋዕ  ናብ መደብ English Together ብድሓን መጻእኩም። ኣብዚ መደብ’ዚ ብዛዕባ እዋናዊ ኣርእስቲ ክንመያየጥ ኢና። ብእኡ ኣቢልና ድማ ብዛዕብኡ ንምዝራብ ዘኽእል ቋንቋ ከነስንቐኩም ኢና። ኣነ ተኽልማርያም በኪት’የ።

ምሳናውን ቶምን ሳምን  ኣለዉ።

Tom
Hi everybody, I'm Tom. Welcome to today's episode of English Together!

Sam
Hi and I'm Sam! Welcome!

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
Oh Tom! I like your new phone!

Tom
Well, you know how much we millennials love our phones!

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
'Millennials'? ብዛዕባ እዚ ቃል ሰሚዐ ኣሎኹ። ብዛዕባ ቴክኖሎጂ ኣፍልጦ ንዘለዎም መንእሰያት ከኣ የመልክት፣ ሓቀይ’ዶ፧

Sam
Kind of. It's used quite widely. Typically, in the UK, a millennial is a young adult below the age of 34.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
ሕራይ እምበኣር፣ እዚ ኣብ ናይ ሎሚ ዛዕባና ብዘይጸገም ይመርሓና።

ብመሰረት መጽናዕቲ ናይ ሞርጋን ስታንሊን ወግዓዊ ሕቡራት መንግስታት፡ ካብ ሕዝቢ ህንዲ ኣብ 2018 ብገምጋም ክንደይ ሚእታዊት መንእሰያት ይርከቡ (ኣብ ክሊ ዕድመ 18 ን 34 ን )። እቲ ሚእታዊት፥

ሀ፡  11%
ለ፡  22%
ሐ: 33% 

Sam
Are millennials in your country tech-savvy, like they are here in the UK?

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
Definitely! 'Tech-savvy' በላሕቲ ሰባት ኣብ ኣጠቃቕማ ቴክኖሎጂ ማለት እዩ። ኣብ ኣጠቃቕማ ቴክኖሎጂ ንኣሽቱ ጥራይ ኣይኮኑን በላሕቲ።

Tom
Yeah, I actually heard that the amount of people embracing the internet in India is causing a few problems. Let’s listen to today’s news story from BBC Radio 4’s Sunday Programme. What’s the main problem that the speakers describe?

Presenter
Surely ‘good morning’ should not cause the internet to crash?

Rahul
When you can have up to 200 million Indians who wake up every morning at around 8 o’clock Indian time, feel that they need to tell everybody that they know the word ‘good morning’, they want to use applications like WhatsApp and just send those messages out there! So that is what’s beginning to slow the internet down here, it’s clogging up phones and the real fear is, I think, that as we have more and more Indians that is, actually, that could slow it down globally as well.

Sam
So, the main problem is that too many people are using the internet on a daily basis. It's clogging up their phones and slowing down the internet!

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
It’s true! 'Clog up' ምዕባስ ማለት’ዩ። 'Slow down' ቀስ ምባል ማለት’ዩ።

Sam
You could say that they're really switched on!

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ

Yes! 'Switched-on' ኣብ ኩሉ መዳያዊ ፍልጠት ዘለዎ ወይ ወትሩ ንቑሕ ሰብ ማለት’ዩ። 'switch on' ግን ንኤለክትሪካዊ ነገራት ምውላዕ ማለት’ዩ።

Tom
It must be annoying though, when the whole internet is slowed down by this big influx of new users.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
Yes! 'Influx' ዋሕዚ ማለት’ዩ። መዓልታዊ ብዙሓት ሰባት ይጽንበሩ።

Sam
So, you have a huge number of users, but the infrastructure can't cope!

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
Yes, there are huge amounts of people who use and work with technology. So many, in fact, that many companies aren't able to keep up with current needs!

Tom
And speaking of large numbers of people, it's time to give you the answer to today's quiz.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
That's right! ኣብ ክሊ ዕድመ 18ን 34ን ናይ ዝርከቡ ህንዳውያን መንእሰያት ሓቲትና ኔርና። እታ መልሲ ከኣ ሐ) ኮይና 33% ኢያ።

Tom
Wow! That's a huge number of young people who are going to be growing up with technology!

Sam

Yes, imagine how much technology will pervade India soon.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
'To pervade' ዝርጋሐ ማለት’ዩ። But it's not just technology, it's the new opportunities that technologies bring, like online shopping, ride sharing apps…

Sam
Hmm… yes. Technology does seem to have a pervasive influence on all of us. It's hard to escape from technology and modern ideas.

Tom
Hey, you got a message!

Sam
It says 'good morning'. Hey! Who sent that!

Tom
I don't know. Who could it be?

Sam
Oh, Tom…

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
Hahaha! መልእኽቲ ናይ ቶም ንኢንተርነት 'slow down', ከየዝሕሎ ወይ ከኣ ንናይ ሳም ስልኪ 'clog up' ከይዕፍኖ ተስፋ ንግበር! እንታይ ኢልኩም ትሓስቡ፧ ኩሉ ግዜ a 'switched on' person ንሓደሽ ሓሳባት ወይ ንቑሓት ሰባት ዲኹም፧ ኢንተርነት  መዓልታዊ 'a daily basis',  ዲኹም ትጥቀሙ፧ ንህይወትኩም ቴክኖሎጂ ይዕብልሎ ድዩ፧ ካልኦት ዝተመሃርናዮም ቃላት  'millennial' ክሊ ዕድመ ንእስነት፣ 'influx' ዋሕዚ 'tech-savvy' ቴክኒካዊ ኣፍልጦ ተማሂርና።

ምሳና ሓቢርኩም ብምጽናሕኩም እናመስገና፣ ኣብ ቀጻሊ English Together የራኽበና! ደሓን ኩኑ። 

Meaning & Use

slow [something] down (phrasal verb)

This phrasal verb means to 'become slower' or 'to make someone or something become slower'.

Too many people in India are sending messages online – it's slowing down the internet!
I've just got too much going on at the moment! I really need to slow down.
Antibiotics will slow down the inflammation and help you walk a bit better.

clog (verb)

The verb clog means that something becomes blocked or full up. As a result, it makes movement difficult. It can be used for physical blockages, like something blocking water pipes or traffic blocking the road.

Downloading lots of movies and music tends to clog up my broadband internet connection.
It took ages to get here because the roads were clogged with traffic!
If you eat too much fatty food, it might cause your arteries to clog up.

switched on (adjective)

If you're somebody who is switched on, you are aware of up-to-date trends and ideas. When it comes before a noun we use a hyphen.

You always know about the latest technology – you're so switched on!
It seems there are more and more switched-on millennials.

A related phrasal verb is switch on. We use this most often with mechanical or technical objects. It means 'make something start working'. The opposite is switch off, which means 'make something stop working'.

Switch on the lights! I can't see a thing!
Please switch off your mobile phone before the performance.

pervade (verb)

When something pervades a place or thing, it spreads throughout it and is present in every part. 

Imagine how much technology will pervade India soon.
Hope and humour are themes that pervade his poetry.
A horrid smell pervaded the air. The food must have gone off!

The related adjective is pervasive.

Technology does seem to have a pervasive influence on all of us.

Check what you’ve learned by choosing the correct answer to the question.
ቅኑዕ መልሲ ብምምራጽ፡ እንታይ ከምዝተማሃርኩም ነብስኹም ገምግሙ።

Good morning India!

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ቅኑዕ መልሲ ምረጹ።

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! ఈసారి కలిసి రాలేదు లెండి You scored:
x / y

Over to you!

Do you think technology is having a big impact in your country? Does the internet pervade your life? Do you get annoyed when the internet gets clogged up? Tell us in our Facebook group!

Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ኣብ ዝቕጽል English Together ኣገደስቲ ናይ አንግሊዘኛ ዝርርብን ናይ ምስማዕ ብቕዓትኩምን እትለማመዱሉ መደብ ሒዝናልኩም ክንቀርብ ኢና።

Session Vocabulary

  • millennial
    ደቂ ዘመን

    tech-savvy
    ፈትውቲ ቴክኖሎጂ

    a daily basis
    መዓልታዊ

    clog up
    ብብዝሒ ሓበሬታ ምሕናቕ

    slow down 
    ቀስ ምባል

    switch on
    ምውላዕ

    switched-on
    ወትሩ ንቐሕ
    ዝተወልዐ

    influx
    ምውሓዝ

    pervade
    ዝርጋሐ