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పాఠ్యాంశం 1: English Together

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  1. 1 English Together

Session 28

Is it better to live in a big city or somewhere quiet? In today’s episode we will be discussing the places where we live.

ఈ పాఠ్యాంశం లోని సెషన్స్

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

No man is an island

Is it better to live in a big city or somewhere quiet? In today’s episode we will be discussing the places where we live.
शहरातल्या गजबजाटापेक्षा कुठेतरी लांब शांत ठिकाणी राहणं किती छान? आपण ठिकाणी राहतो ती ठिकाणं कशी आहेत त्याबद्दल आज बोलणार आहोत.    

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

రాత ప్రతిని చూపు రాత ప్రతిని చూపవద్దు

Tejali
Hello all. Welcome to English Together. या भागात आपण निरनिराळ्या विषयांबद्दल बोलतो आणि त्यासंबंधित शब्द जाणून घेतो. मी तेजाली आणि माझ्यासोबत आहे...

Tom
Hi everyone, I’m Tom. Welcome to today’s episode, and I’m with…

Sian   
and I’m Sian ! Hi everyone!    

Tejali 
आज आपण बेटांबद्दल बोलतोय, खासकरून ब्रिटीश बेटांबद्दल. याबद्दल पुढचं ऐकण्याआधी नेहेमीप्रमाणे आपण आजचा प्रश्न ऐकू. ब्रिटीश बेटांमधील किती बेटांवर लोकवस्ती आहे?
A) अंदाजे 50
B) अंदाजे 100
c) अंदाजे 200.

Tom
I don’t see why anybody would want to live outside London, to be honest.

Sian
What do you mean? Why would you say that?

Tom
Well, London, the city has everything really, doesn’t it? Bright lights! Loads of shops! Huge crowds of people!

Sian
I find it all a little claustrophobic, actually.

Tejali
Claustrophobic म्हणजे बंदिस्त, अरुंद जागांची, गर्दीची भीती.

Sian
I’d say my claustrophobia comes from exactly the same things Tom was just talking about! There’s just no space in the city!

Tejali
ही माहिती बीबीसी रेडियो 4च्या फार्मिंग टूडे मधली आहे. लोक स्कॉटलंडमधील बेटांवर राहण्यास अधिकाधिक पसंती देऊ लागले आहेत, याबद्दल यात लिहीलंय.

Presenter                                  
First today, many small island communities struggle to retain their residents, but the people of Papa Westray, or Papay, as it’s known locally, are fighting back. In the last census the population of this tiny Orkney island was recorded at just 90, but that’s a 38 percent increase since 2001. The Papay Development Trust says that more people have moved to the island since then and the future’s looking bright! The island seems to have a strong draw for outsiders. So, what’s its secret?

Guest
Life in Yorkshire was too busy, very stressful. We wanted somewhere that was, for our son, freer, where he could play and have a lot more freedom outdoors and where life was simple and that we could just have a simpler, freer life.

Sian
Wow! That sounds like paradise to me.

Tejali
Paradise म्हणजे स्वर्ग, नंदनवन. An island paradise sounds great for a holiday, but I wouldn’t want to live there!

Tom
I mean it’s more of a desert island, really isn’t it?  How many people live there? 92? It’s deserted, nobody.

Sian
Well, we’ve just seen how the population is growing! Considering that the number of inhabitants is growing every year, I’d say they’re doing pretty well!

Tejali
Inhabitants म्हणजे रहिवासी. But why would anyone want to inhabit somewhere so far away?

Sian
Well, look at our current habitat! London is noisy, and busy and stressful!

Tom
Oh yeah, that’s just how I like it! Far better than some uninhabited desert island in the sea in the middle of nowhere!

Sian
Well, I think a lot of people get tired and want to live somewhere a bit more secluded.

Tejali
Secluded म्हणजे निर्जन,एकांताची जागा. But wouldn’t you get lonely, living in such a secluded place?

Sian
No, I don’t think seclusion means that you need to be lonely. Imagine the sense of community you’d get with such a small set of people!

Tom
I’m not convinced. Do you know what they say? No man is an island!

Tejali
What? What do you mean by that expression?

Tom
It means that people need company! Islands stand alone in the middle of the sea and obviously people can’t do that! In fact, did you know the word ‘isolated’ actually comes from the Latin word for island, which is insula?

Tejali
Isolated म्हणजे एकाकी. 90 people living on an island, that’s really isolated, isn’t it?

Sian
But that’s not necessarily a bad thing! We are talking about the isolation of communities, not individuals! You’d probably benefit from a more communal way of life because people would depend on each other.

Tejali
ते ठीक आहे, आता आपण बेटांबद्दल बोलतोय तर आजच्या प्रश्नाचं उत्तर बघू. उत्तर आहे C. तिथल्या १९२ बेटांवर लोकवस्ती आहे.

Tom
192 islands, that’s unbelievable. You see, Sian, you can take your pick!

Sian
I like the sound of the island of Papay, actually.

Tom
Maybe you should talk to the reporter from the news and see what he thought about it.

Sian
That’s a good idea.

Tom
I think he works just round…

Sian
Does he? I think I’ll just go and see him now.

Tom
You see! You see! You need his help and you need his advice, you can’t do it by yourself. I already told you no man is an island!

Sian
No! You don’t listen! This is an example of people helping each other in a community!

Tom
I don't think so, because people need each other - they can't just be by themselves all the time.

Tejali
खरंच!!! हे दोघे तर ना, कधी पटणार नाही दोघांचं. तुमच्याबद्दल सांगा बरं मला. तुम्ही असं कुठे बऱ्याच inhabitants सोबत राहायला जाल का? तुम्हाला हे claustrophobic नाही वाटत? Claustrophobicम्हणजे, बंदिस्त, अरुंद जागा, गर्दीत होणाऱ्या घुसमटीची भीती. ही बेटं नंदनवन म्हणजे paradise आहेत असं तुम्हाला वाटत का? आपण बेट ‘isolated’ म्हणजे एकाकी आणि ‘secluded’ निर्जन असू शकतात याबद्दल बोललो. टॉमला हे सगळं नकारात्मक वाटलं आणि तो म्हणाला ‘no man is an island’ म्हणजे कुठलाच माणूस बेटासारखा एकाकी राहू शकत नाही. आज इतकंच, पुन्हा भेटू English Togetherच्या पुढच्या भागात. Bye.

Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct answer for the question.
यातलं बरोबर उत्तर निवडा. बघू या तुम्हाला काय काय समजलंय.

In this episode a lot of language is presented in different forms.

noun

adjective

claustrophobia

claustrophobic

desert

deserted

seclusion

secluded

 

The verb ‘to inhabit’ appears in numerous forms.

verb

noun

adjective

to inhabit
= to live (somewhere)

habitat
= a place where we encounter living things

inhabited
= describes a place that has inhabitants.

 

inhabitant
= a person / thing (that lives somewhere).

 

 

 

uninhabited
= describes a place with no inhabitants.
(negative form).

No man is an island

3 Questions

Fill in the gap.
रिकाम्या जागा भरा.

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Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
English Together चे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयावर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Vocabulary

  • claustrophobic
    बंदिस्त, अरुंद जागा, गर्दीत होणाऱ्या घुसमटीची भीती

    paradise
    नंदनवन

    inhabitants
    रहिवासी

    uninhabited
    ओसाड

    secluded
    एकांताची जागा

    isolated
    एकाकी

    no man is an island  
    जगण्यासाठी माणसाला इतरांची गरज लागते.