Session 25

How important for you is it that people are on time?
ሰዎች በሰዓታቸው መድረሳቸው ለእርስዎ ምን ያህል አስፈላጊ ነው?

In today’s episode we will be discussing how people think about time.
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን ሰዎች ስለ ጊዜ ምን እንደሚያስቡ እንወያያለን።

ఈ పాఠ్యాంశం లోని సెషన్స్

Session 25 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

How late is too late?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

  • punctuality
  • resignation
  • courtesy

Quiz

Which of these countries has the least flexible approach to time?

a) The USA
b) Britain
c) Japan

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

రాత ప్రతిని చూపు రాత ప్రతిని చూపవద్దు

ዘሩባቤል
ሰላም፥ ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ዘሩባቤል እባላለሁ። አብረውኝ ሳም እና ፊል አሉ ። 

Sam
Hi, I’m Sam.

Phil
And I’m Phil.  Welcome!

ዘሩባቤል
የሚገርመው ነገር ዛሬ እናወራለን የተባባልነው በሰዓት ስለመገኘት ነበር። ስለዚህ የዛሬው ጥያቄ ይሄውላችሁ፤ ፕሮፌሰር ኤሪን ማየር እንደሚሉት ከሚከተሉት ሃገራት መካከል ስለጊዜ ቀለል ያለ አመለካከት ያለው የት ነው?

ሀ- ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ

ለ- እንገሊዝ

 ሐ- ጃፓን   

Sam
I’d be interested to know the answer. Do you think Britain is inflexible?

Phil
Hmmm, definitely and you know what? I’m inflexible about time.

ዘሩባቤል
መልካም፤ ከእናንተ አገር ታሪክ እንነሳለን፤ በBBC Radio 4፥  Today መርኃ ግብር ላይ የተላለፈ እና ፓርላማ ውስጥ ለስብሰባ ጥቂት ደቂቃችን ዘግይቶ ስለደረሰ ፖለቲከኛ የሚያወራ መሰናዶ ያዳምጡ።

Insert
Speaking of dramatic resignations, there was one in the Lord’s. The international development minister Lord Bates had failed to arrive in time to answer a question from a Labour peer, Lady Lister. A little later Lord Bates, mortified, got up to the despatch box: 'I've always believed that we should offer rise to the highest possible standards of courtesy and respect in responding on behalf of the government to the legitimate questions of the legislature. I’m thoroughly ashamed at not being in my place and therefore I shall be offering my resignation to the Prime Minister with immediate effect, I do apologise’ Polite smiles behind him had turned to dismay and there were calls of 'No' but Lord Bates gathered up his papers and strode out. A few peers tried to grab his arm, but off he went.

ዘሩባቤል
ይገርማል፥ ጥቂት ደቂቃዎችን ስላረፈዱ ከስራ መልቀቅ? ከመጠኑ ያለፈ እርምጃ ይመስላል።

Phil
Maybe it is, but punctuality is really important... he should feel bad - he should be on time.

ዘሩባቤል
‘Punctuality’ በሰዓት መድረስ ማለት ነው።- እንግሊዛውያን ይሄንን በጣም ወሳኝ ጉዳይ አድርገው እንደሚያገኙት አውቃለሁ። እኛ ሃገር እንኳን ለሰዓት ያለን አመለካከት ደካማ ነው።

Phil
I think being punctual is always important... it’s just a courtesy isn’t it?

ዘሩባቤል
Courtesy ጨዋነት ማለት ነው፤ ግን ለሁሉም ሰው ተመሳሳይ መሆኑን እርግጠኛ ነህ? Or is that just your rule?

Phil
I think it’s a good rule for everyone - it’s not courteous to keep people waiting for you.

Sam
You seem very sure... but let’s turn this around. Say you’re rushing to an appointment with someone.

ዘሩባቤል
Rushing መጣደፍ ማለት ሲሆን፥ ለንደን ውስጥ ሁሉም ሰው የሚያደርገው ተግባር ይመስላል።

Sam
Yeah, and then you meet someone, someone you haven’t seen for a long time and they want to stop and talk. What do you do then? Is rushing off a courtesy here?

Phil
umm... ooh... that’s different...  um... yeah it’s different.

ዘሩባቤል
ዛሬ ደግሞ  አርፍደህ ነበር። were you being discourteous to us?

Phil
Um, my train was late.

Sam
So you see things are a bit more complicated than Phil thinks - I don’t think it’s punctuality that’s important - It’s a shared understanding of how to think about time that’s important.

ዘሩባቤል
A shared understanding - የጋራ ግንዛቤ ማለት ነው። Can you give an example of that, Sam?

Sam
Sure, say you are organising a party, so you tell people to come at 9 - thinking they’ll be there at 9.30. If someone actually comes at 9.00 you might still be getting ready.

Phil
I’d be there at 9.

ዘሩባቤል
Hmmm... that’s no surprise! የጋራ ግንዛቤ ሰዎች ስለጊዜ የተለያየ አስተሳሰብ የሚያዳብሩበት ባህል ይመስለኛል። ስለዚህ ቀደም ሲል ለቀረበው ጥያቄ መልስ መስጠት አለብኝ ማለት ነው። ቢዝነስ ኢንሳይደር እንደዘገበው ከጠቀስናቸው ሦስት አገራት መካከል ስለጊዜ ለቀቅ ያለ አመለካከት ያለባት . . .  ጃፓን ነች።

Sam
So, there’s somewhere that’s less flexible than Britain.

Phil
That sounds good.

Sam
Erm, yeah, but you’d have to be on time for work there Phil.

ዘሩባቤል
ፊል ለሚቀጥለው ዝግጅት በሰዓቱ የሚገኝበትን ብልሃት ሲፈልግ፥ እኛ ዛሬ የተማርናቸውን ቃላት እንመልከት። Punctuality በተባለው ሰዓት መድረስ ማለት ሲሆን፥ courtesy ደግሞ ጨዋነት ነው። rushing መጣደፍ ፤ shared understanding ደግሞ የጋራ ግንዛቤ ማለት ነው። አብራችሁንብ ስለቆያችሁ እናመሰግናለን። ለተጨማሪ English Together  በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

Meaning & Use

puncuality (noun)

Punctuality is a noun which refers to being on time for things. 
Everyone complained about the punctuality of the city's buses - they were never on time!
I learned that punctuality was important when I got my first job.

courtesy (noun)

Courtesy is a noun that refers to being polite and having respect for other people.
Courtesy is very important when dealing with customers.
I called back to say thank you as a courtesy.

rush (verb)

To rush is to do something quickly, often carelessly and due to a lack of time.
I rushed to my child's school to pick them up on time.
I forgot to bring my phone, because I was rushing to leave the house.

shared understanding (noun)

A shared understanding is when people have the same expectations or knowledge of something in particular.
It is important for all employees to have a shared understanding of the company's expectations.
We had a shared understanding of what each person in the team had to do.

How late is too late?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ

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Over to you!

Do you think it is important to be punctual? Does it annoy you when people are late? Do you think we should be more understanding when people are late? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ English Together ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Session Vocabulary

  • punctuality
    ጊዜን ጠብቆ/ሳያረፍዱ መድረስ

    courtesy
    ትህትና

    rushing
    ጥድፊያ/ መጣደፍ

    shared understanding
    የጋራ ግንዛቤ

    resignation
    ስራ መልቀቅ

    waiting
    ጥበቃ/ መጠበቅ

    complicated
    የተወሳሰበ/ውስብስብ

    organising
    ማደራጀት