Session 24

Right-handed or left-handed – which is better?
ቀኝ እጅ ወይንስ ግራኝ፤ የትኛው ይሻላል?

In today’s episode we will be discussing whether being right-handed or left-handed makes a difference.
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን ግራኝ ወይንም ቀኝ መሆን ለውጥ ያመጣ እንደሆነ እንነጋገራለን።

ఈ పాఠ్యాంశం లోని సెషన్స్

Session 24 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Right-handed or left-handed – which is better?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

  • hugging
  • a bias against
  • an affliction

Quiz

What percentage of the world’s population is left-handed?

a) approximately 10%
b) approximately 25%
c) approximately 50%

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

రాత ప్రతిని చూపు రాత ప్రతిని చూపవద్దు

ዘሩባቤል
፥ ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ዘሩባቤል እባላለሁ። አብረውኝ ሳም እና ቶም አሉ።

Sam
Hi, I'm Sam.

Tom
And I'm Tom. Hi everyone. Welcome to the programme today! Really nice to have you with us.

Sam
You're in a very good mood today, Tom.

Tom
Of course I'm in a good mood, it's my birthday!

ዘሩባቤል
Oh, happy birthday, Tom!  መልካም የልደት በአል ይሁንልህ ቶም

Sam
Ah, come here, let me give you a hug!

Tom
Oh, ok, careful Sam.

Sam
You went the wrong way, Tom. You're supposed to go right.

Tom
No, you went the wrong way! I always go to the left.

ዘሩባቤል
Wait, you two! በBBC World Service ላይ Health Check በተባለው ዝግጅት ላይ የቀረበውን 'hugging' መተቃቀፍ እና ሰዎች በስተቀኝ ወይንስ በስተግራ በኩል ነው የሚተቃቀፉት የሚለውን አስመልክቶ የተደረገ ጥናትን በሚመለከት ከቀረበ ቃለ መጠይቅ ላይ ቅንጫቢ እናዳምጥ።

Insert
So we would predict based on our study that hugging in every society is right-dominated. Obviously, the prevalence of hugging, so how often it occurs in a society, that is extremely different across cultures. So there have been studies that Asian countries, for example, show much less hugging behaviour, or social touch in general, but nonetheless, if someone engages in a hug, it's probably more right-dominated in general.

Tom
Typical! Right-handed people dominate everything. Again.

Sam
Oh, of course, you're left-handed.

Tom
Yes, I'm left-handed. And my dad and my brother are left-handed, too. And I'm tired of the bias against left-handed people.

ዘሩባቤል
Do you really think that there is 'a bias against' የተሳሳተ አመለካከት መያዝ። 'people are biased against' ሰዎች የተሳሳተ አመለካከት– በ left-handed people ላይ አላቸው?  

Tom
Absolutely. I've felt it all my life. I think there's a bias against us in everything from how desks and chairs are designed in schools to how… hugs are given, apparently.

Sam
It sounds like you think that being left-handed is an affliction, Tom.

ዘሩባቤል
Yes, it does. 'An affliction' ጉድለት ወይንም ህመም ማለት ነው። You can also 'be afflicted by something' በአንድ ነገር መስተጓጎል።.

Tom
Yeah, like a disease or an illness! I think it does feel like an affliction sometimes.

Sam
I don't agree with that at all! I think left-handed people are special!

Tom
Special?

Sam
Yes, because there's so few of you in the world!

ዘሩባቤል
Actually, that's a good point, Sam, and it relates to our quiz question for today. ከዓለማችን ምን ያህሉ ሰው ግራኝ ነው?

ሀ) 10 በመቶ አካባቢ

ለ) 25 በመቶ አካባቢ

ሐ) 50 በመቶ አካባቢ

 መልሱን ትንሽ ቆይተን እንነግሮዎታለን።

Sam
I don't know the exact number, but I know that it's low. And I also know that, being left-handed is associated with high levels of intelligence.

ዘሩባቤል
'To be associated with'. ከአንድ ነገር ጋር መያያዝ፥ መዛመድ ማለት ነው። Ha ha! Would you agree with that, Tom? That left-handed people are more intelligent?

Tom
Well, of course I agree with that!

Sam
I thought you might! But it's true – left-handed people are associated with being good at maths, for example.

ዘሩባቤል
And sports!

Sam
And the number of left-handed people who become Nobel Prize winners and Presidents is disproportionately high.

ዘሩባቤል
Wait a moment, Sam. Before you start talking about what is disproportionately high, ያልተመጣጠነ, let's see what the answer to the quiz was:

ከዓለማችን ህዝብ ምን ያህል መቶኛው ግራኝ ነው?

  1. ሀ) 10 በመቶ አካባቢ
  2. ለ) 25 በመቶ አካባቢ
  3. ሐ) 50 በመቶ አካባቢ

So, you were right, Sam. It was a small number. በርካታ ምንጮች እንደሚሉት መልሱ ሀ) አስር በመቶ ነው።

Sam
Very small! Proving that the number of left-handed people who are successful is disproportionately high. So, you see, Tom? Being left-handed is actually a bonus!

ዘሩባቤል
'A bonus' ተጨማሪ ማለት ነው። Has Sam convinced you, Tom? Are you special?

Tom
Well, I'm not sure that I agree that being left-handed is a bonus or that it makes us special! But, as it is my birthday, I will agree that, yes, just for today, I'm special.

Sam
Yay! Happy birthday, Tom.

ዘሩባቤል
Sorry we didn't get you a cake! የሳምንቱን ዝግጅታችንን ጨርሰን ከመሰናበታችን በፊት ዛሬ ስናወራባቸው የነበሩትን ቃላት እንመልከት። ሁሉም የአንድ ቡድን አባል ከመሆን ጋር የተያያዙ ናቸው። a bias against የተሳሳተ አመለካከት ሲሆን፥ an affliction ደግሞ እንከን ነው። to be associated with' ከአንድ ነገር ጋር መያያዝ ሲሆን ደግሞ a bonus' ድጎማ ወይንም ጭማሪ ማለት ነው። አብራችሁን ስለቆያችሁ እናመሰግናለን። በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት በ English Together ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን። 

Meaning & Use

bias (noun)

Bias is a noun which refers to a preference that affects other opinions. 
She was awarded compensation when she showed that there was a bias against female employees.
He thought that the reason that he wasn't picked for the team was that there was a bias against short players.

an affliction (noun)

An affliction is something that causes suffering.
Poverty is an affliction that causes problems in many countries.
His bad health was an affliction he had had since childhood.

to be associated with (verb)

If something is associated with something else, it is linked to it.
A bad diet is associated with health problems in later life.
A stable childhood is associated with a successful life.

a bonus (noun)

A bonus is an extra benefit.
She loved being a musician and so getting paid for doing her hobby was a bonus.
He enjoyed gardening, and being able to eat the vegetables that he grew was a bonus.

 

Right-handed or left-handed – which is better?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! ఈసారి కలిసి రాలేదు లెండి You scored:
x / y

Over to you!

Do you think people are biased against left-handed people? Do you think it matters? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ English Together ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Session Vocabulary

  • a bias against/ to be biased against
    ስለአንድ ነገር መጥፎ አመለካከት መያዝ/ማግለል

    an affliction/ to be afflicted by
    ችግር/ በአንድ ነገር መታወክ

    to be associated with
    መያያዝ/ መገናኘት

    a bonus
    ጭማሪ/ድጎማ

    hugging
    መተቃቀፍ

    dominated
    የበላይነት ያለበት

    to be disproportionately high
    ከሚጠበቀው በላይ ከፍተኛ መሆን