Session 11

What makes a good boss?
In today’s episode we will be discussing the qualities of a good boss.

ጥሩ አለቃ የሚያደርገው ምንድን ነው?
በዛሬው ዝግጅት የጥሩ አለቃ ባህርያትን እንነጋገራለን።

ఈ పాఠ్యాంశం లోని సెషన్స్

Session 11 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

What makes a good boss?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • concerns
  • qualities
  • characteristics
  • to value

Quiz

Which is the world’s happiest job?

a. a teacher
b. an engineer
c. a nurse

Listen to the discussion about what makes a good boss and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

రాత ప్రతిని చూపు రాత ప్రతిని చూపవద్దు

ምህረት
ሰላም፥ ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ምህረት እባላለሁ። አብሮኝ/አብራኝ አለ/አለች።

Tom
Hello, I’m Tom. Welcome to today’s programme!

Phil
And I’m Phil. Hello!

ምህረት
ዛሬ ጥሩ አለቃ የሚያስብለው ምንድን ነው በሚለው ዙርያ እንወያያለን። አለቃ ሊቀር የማይችል የሥራ አካል ነው፤ ስለዚህም ጥሩ አለቃ ኖራቸውም አለኖራቸው፥ በየትኞቹ ሥራዎች ላይ የተሰማሩ ሰዎች ደስተኞች እንደሆኑ እንድናስብ አድርጎናል። ከ The Guardian ጋዜጣ የተገኘው የዛሬው ጥያቄም ስለዚሁ ጉዳይ የሚያወሳ ነው፤ በዓለማችን ካሉ ሥራዎች በጣም ደስተኛ የሚያደርገው የትኛው ነው?
ሀ) መምህርነት
ለ) መሃንዲስነት
ሐ) ነርስነት

Tom
Mmmh, my sister’s a nurse and she absolutely loves her job.

Phil
But it’s so tiring and stressful. How can anyone enjoy that?

ምህረት
Some people like looking after others, Phil! ነገር ግን ውይይታችን ከመጀመራችን በፊት በመጀመሪያ በ CNN የቀረበውን እና ጥሩ አለቃ የሚያሰኙ ባህርያትን የተመለከተ አዲስ ምርምርን ይፋ የሚያደርገውን ይህንን የዜና ዘገባ እናዳምጥ። ማዳመጥዎን ይቀጥሉና ለቀረበው ጥያቄ ምላሹን ትንሽ ቆየት ብለን እንነግርዎታለን።

News insert
We all know bad bosses exist. You can easily list all the qualities a bad boss has without having to think too much. But what makes a good boss?
To find out, a survey asked employees about the best bosses they've had and what characteristics they hoped to see in the people they work for. What makes a good boss can't be summarised into one or two words. However, all of the qualities employees talked about related to one thing: showing respect. This was a characteristic that many workers valued regardless of what industry they were in.

Phil
I completely agree! If my boss wants me to respect them, they have to respect me, as well.

Tom
Yeah, I actually agree with you, Phil. I think there has to be some give and take.

ምህረት
‘Give and take’ ሰጥቶ መቀበል ማለት ነው።

Tom
Yeah, give and take’s about a lot of things. And I also want them to listen to my concerns.

ምህረት
Yes, you need to feel comfortable talking to your boss if you have a concern. ‘Concern’ የሚያስጨንቁ ጉዳዮች.

Phil
I don’t know. I don’t need my boss to be my friend. I need them to be my boss. I want them to be competent at their job.

ምህረት
‘Competent’ ብቁ ማለት ነው። Feeling comfortable talking to your boss isn’t that important to you, Phil?

Phil
Not really. It’s more important that they’re competent.

Tom
Ok, so you want a boss who’s competent. But what about flexibility?

ምህረት
‘Flexibility’ ግትር ያለመሆን ማለት ነው። Why do you ask, Tom?

Tom
Well, because if my boss shows flexibility, then it tells me that they trust me. And that’s really important for me if I’m going to be happy with what I do.

ምህረት
ስለደስታ እያወራን እንደመሆኑ፥ እስኪ ቀደም ሲል አንስተነው ወደነበረው ጥያቄ እንመለስ። በዓለማችን ካሉ ሥራዎች በጣም ደስተኛ የሚያደርገው የትኛው ነው?
ሀ) መምህርነት
ለ) መሃንዲስነት
ሐ) ነርስነት
መልሱ ይሄው፤ መሃንዲሶች በዓለም ላይ ደስተኛ ሠራተኞች ናቸው። መምህራን ከዚያም ነርሶች በቅርብ ይከተሏቸዋል።

Phil
You know what I find interesting about that list?

ምህረት
What?

Phil
That those jobs are all quite independent. Engineers work on projects, teachers with students, nurses with patients….

ምህረት
But they don’t spend a lot of time with their bosses.

Phil
Precisely. That’s why they’re so happy!

Tom
But they still have bosses! I mean, maybe, because their bosses do a similar kind of work to them, they lead by example, and that makes for happier employees…

ምህረት
‘Lead by example’ አርዐያ ሆኖ መምራት ማለት ነው። Yes, that way it feels more like a team, perhaps.

Phil
Just like us. I mean, I lead by example, you two follow...

Tom
Uhm, that is a very interesting opinion, Phil!

ምህረት
Yes, Phil. Last time I checked, you weren’t our boss!
እርስዎስ? የጥሩ አለቃ ባህርያት ምንድን ናቸው ብለው ያስባሉ? ‘give and take’ ለእርስዎ አስፈላጊ ነው? አለቃዎ አርዐያ ሆነው እንዲመሩ ‘lead by example’ ይፈልጋሉ? እና. . .
የዚህ ሳምንት ዝግጅታችንን አጠናቅቀን ከመለያየታችን በፊት፥ ዛሬ የተወያየንባቸውን ቃላት እንይ፥ ሁሉም ከሥራ እና ከአለቆች ጋር የተያያዙ ናቸው፤ ሰጥቶ መቀበል ‘give and take’፥ ብቁ ‘competent’፥ ግትር ያለመሆን ‘flexibility’፥ በአርዐያነት መምራት ‘lead by example’።
አብራችሁን ስለነበራችሁ እናመሰግናለን፤ ለተጨማሪ English Together በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

Meaning & Use 

give and take (verb & noun)

Give and take describes 'a compromise between two people or groups'. It's a phrase that can be used as a verb or as a noun.
Even though the two politicians are from different political parties, they agreed to give and take in order to reach an agreement on the new law.
In every marriage there has to be some give and take.

competent (adjective)

If someone is competent, they 'have the ability, knowledge or skill to do something well'. We often use this word to describe someone in work or business situations. For this reason, if you want to make this word stronger, it is more appropriate to use the neutral 'very competent' or more formal 'highly competent' than the less formal 'really competent'.
Michelle is a highly competent lawyer. She's never lost a case!

Competent can be used to describe the person directly, or the activity they do well. In this case, we use the preposition 'at'.
It's important to Simon to be competent at work. He's very proud of being good at his job.

flexibility (noun)

Flexibility can mean:

  • 'being willing or open to change or compromise'. In this case, we often use it with the verb 'show'.
    My boss showed flexibility when she let me take time off during the busiest time of year at work. I was very grateful!
  • 'can be changed easily'.
    I enjoyed the flexibility of the timetable at my university. There was a lot of choice and many classes were optional.
  • 'bends easily without breaking'.
    After weeks of training, the footballers gained flexibility in their legs and their ankles.

to lead by example (verb phrase)

This is used to describe 'what leaders do when they behave in the way they want others to behave'. This can be used for anyone in a position of authority or leadership, such as bosses, coaches and parents.
Good leaders must lead by example. If they say one thing and do another, they lose the trust of others.

What makes a good boss?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
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Over to you!

What do you think are the qualities of a good boss? Is 'give and take' important to you? Do you want your boss to 'lead by example'? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ የEnglish Together ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Session Vocabulary

  • give and take
    ሰጥቶ መቀበል

    competent
    ብቁ

    flexibility
    ግትር ያለመሆን

    to lead by example
    አርዐያ ሆኖ መምራት

    concerns
    የሚያሳስቡ ጉዳዮች

    qualities
    ጥሩ ባህርያት

    characteristics
    መገለጫዎች

    to value
    ዋጋ መስጠት