Sesión 22

Talking to your computer, getting mad at the traffic lights when they are slow to change – what strange behaviour!
Listen Here to find out why we communicate with objects!

कॉम्प्युटरशी बोलणं, सिग्नलमुळे उशीर झाल्यावर त्यावर रागावणं आपण सगळे करतो...पण माणूस असं का वागतो? याचं कारण या भागात शोधणार आहोत.

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Why do we treat objects like living things?

In this episode of Listen Here we discuss why we treat objects like living things, by talking, shouting or getting angry or mad at them.

आपण अनेकदा निर्जीव गोष्टींशी बोलतो, त्यांच्यावर रागावतो, त्यांच्याशी भांडतो किंवा त्यांना ओरडतो सुद्धा! माणूस  निर्जीव वस्तूंशी असं  का वागतो ते आजच्या भागात जाणून घेणार आहोत.

Before you listen/Pre-listening

Consider the following questions:
-Can you think of a time you have spoken to an object?
-Why do you think we treat objects like living things?

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

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Hello ऐकलंत का, Listen here मध्ये तुमचं स्वागत मी तेजाली...
And I'm Dan.

And I'm Sam. Oh! Stupid microphone!

Sam? Are you talking to a microphone? You know it can't hear you, right?

Yeah, I know! But don't you do that sometimes? You stub your toe on a door and shout at the door.
Yeah, I've definitely done that before.

आपण बरेचदा निर्जीव वस्तूंशी बोलतो. कसं? सकाळी सकाळी घाई असते आणि आपली गाडी रुसून बसते , आपण म्हणतो, बाई गं पटकन सुरू हो!! ही सवय अनेकांना असते. अनेकजण आपल्या बाईकवर जीवापाड प्रेम करतात, तिच्याशी गप्पा मारतात. पण लोक असं निर्जीव वस्तू म्हणजे inanimate objectsशी का बोलतात? काय कारण आहे यामागे? चला ऐकू या - निर्जीव म्हणजे non-living वस्तूंशी बोलणाऱ्या लोकांची नेमकी कोणती उदाहरणंही त्यांनी या भागात दिलेली आहेत. ऐकू या.
Though very common, and widespread, as you say, to animals, but also just to inanimate objects. The world is full of examples of people getting angry at malicious computers that let them down just before a deadline, or angry hurricanes that come and decimate cities.

The speaker gave two examples – malicious computers and angry hurricanes.

'Malicious' म्हणजे मत्सरी. Malicious computers म्हणजे बिघडलेले कॉम्प्यूटर, 'Angry' म्हणजे चिडलेला किंवा रागावलेला. निर्जीव वस्तू सजीवासारखं वागतात असं म्हटलंय. इथे चेतनागुणोक्ती अलंकार वापरलाय.
That's right- not only do we speak to these things, we also give them human characteristics! Let's listen to the speaker again quickly. Can you hear a multi-word verb in her sentence?
'Multi-word verb' म्हणजे संयुक्त क्रियापद.  यात क्रियापदासोबत आणखी एक किंवा दोन शब्द येतात.  
People getting angry at malicious computers that let them down just before a deadline.

She said 'let them down'. This is an example of a multi-word verb, or phrasal verb - they are very common in natural, spoken English.

Phrasal verbs can be tricky because their meaning isn't always obvious – 'let someone down', for example, means to disappoint someone because of a failure.

'Let someone down' म्हणजे  एखाद्याचा अपमान करणं.
But anyway, let's get back to our point! We wouldn't want to let the listeners down by not answering our main question – why do we treat objects like living things?

चला पुढचा भाग ऐकू या. तीन महिन्यांच्या अर्भकांना स्क्रीनवर काही आकार दाखवले. त्यांनी कोणते आकार निवडले ते ऐका.   
Infants from about three months of age will attribute quite complex moral motivations to just geometric figures moving around on a screen. So if they see a triangle moving up a hill and then a circle moving up a hill behind it and pushing it to the top or a square coming down the hill and pushing it off course, three-month-olds will choose to play with the helping circle more than the hindering square afterwards.

यांच्या म्हणण्याप्रमाणे ही बाळं वर्तुळ निवडतील, कारण ते त्रिकोणाला वर जाण्यासाठी मदत करतंय.

Incredible – even a three-month-old baby is able to give human characteristics to objects! She described these characteristics as complex moral motivations.

'Complex moral motivations' म्हणजे जटील नैतिक प्रोत्साहनं.

So, morals are part of the reason why we treat objects like living things – if we see objects doing something good, we will treat them well, but if we see them doing bad things, we will treat them badly.

Hmmm, Sam you just used the same type of sentence as the speaker did! Listen again for the sentence with 'if'.
If they see a triangle moving up a hill and then a circle moving up a hill behind it and pushing it to the top, three month olds will choose to play with the helping circle.

We can use 'if' with a present tense verb, followed by a future tense to talk about possible or likely futures.

Let's listen to the last part – what is the other reason the speaker gives for why we treat objects like living things?
Evolutionarily, it made sense to, you know, make the error of assuming something was out to get you even if it wasn't, rather than making the opposite assumption.

'Out to get you'याचा अर्थ तुमच्यासाठी धोकादायक किंवा हानीकारक.

So the speaker believes that being cautious and viewing everything as dangerous helped people to survive – she says 'It's part of our evolution'.

'Evolution'म्हणजे उत्क्रांती किंवा विकास.

Well, you know, as interesting as this is Sam, I think it might be time to finish this week's episode. Thanks for joining us everyone.

पुन्हा भेटूया पुढच्या भागात .. Bye!

Listen to today’s clip in full here

Source: Why do we treat objects like they were living things?

Language features

Phrasal Verbs

A phrasal verb is formed of two or three words – it always begins with a single verb, and is followed by prepositions. They are less formal than single word verbs.
What can make them difficult is that the meanings are not always obvious.
Look at this example from today’s episode.

to let someone down

This means to disappoint someone because of a failure.

Dan was supposed to take me to work today, but he never came. He really let me down.

First Conditional

The first conditional is formed from two verb phrases. Use ‘if’ with a present tense, followed by a future tense phrase.
We use the first conditional to talk about possible or likely futures.

If it rains, I will take an umbrella.

We also use the first conditional to make promises.

If I go to the supermarket, I will buy you a cake.

Why do we treat objects like living things?

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
रिकाम्या जागा भरा.

Felicitaciones. Has completado el quiz.
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x / y

Join us for our next episode of Listen Here! when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Listen Hereचे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयांवर बोलणार आहोत.

Sesión de gramática

  • inanimate


    रागावलेला, मत्सरी








Sesión de vocabulario