Sesión 35

In today's episode we discuss the effects caused by millions of new internet users in developing economies.
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን በታዳጊ የምጣኔ ኃብት ሃገራት ውስጥ በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ የበይነ መረብ ተጠቃሚዎች መኖራቸው ስላመጣቸው ተፅዕኖዎች እናወያያለን።

Sesión 35 puntuación

0 / 4

  • 0 / 4
    Actividad 1

Actividad 1

Good morning India!

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

  • millennial
  • tech-savvy
  • a daily basis
  • clog up

Quiz

According to Morgan Stanley research and official figures from the United Nations, approximately what percentage of India's population is millennial (between the ages of 18 and 34) in 2018?

a) 11%
b) 22%
c) 33%

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Mostrar la transcripción Ocultar la transcripción

ዘሩባቤል
ሰላም፥ ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ዘሩባቤል እባላለሁ። አብረውኝ ደግሞ. . .

Tom
Hi everybody, I'm Tom. Welcome to today's episode of English Together!

Sam
Hi and I'm Sam! Welcome!

ዘሩባቤል
Oh Tom! I like your new phone!

Tom
Well, you know how much we millennials love our phones!

ዘሩባቤል
'Millennials'? ይሄንን ቃል ሰምቼው አውቃለሁ፥ ስለቴክኖሎጅ ዕውቀት ያላቸው ወጣቶችን ለመግለፅ የሚያገለግል ነው አይደል?

Sam
Kind of. It's used quite widely. Typically, in the UK, a millennial is a young adult below the age of 34.

ዘሩባቤል
ደህና፥ ይህ በእርግጥም ወደዛሬው ጥያቄ ይመራናል። የሞርጋን ስታንሊ ጥናት እና የተባበሩት መንግስታት ድርጅት መረጃ እንደሚያሳየው ከህንድ ሕዝብ መካከል በመቶኛ ምን ያህሉ በ18 እና በ34 ዕድሜ መካከል ነው?

ሀ) 11 በመቶ
ለ) 22 በመቶ
ሐ) 33 በመቶ

Sam
Are millennials in your country tech-savvy, like they are here in the UK?

ዘሩባቤል
Definitely! 'Tech-savvy' የቴክኖሎጂ ዕውቅት እና ዝንባሌ ያለው ማለት ነው። ለነገሩ ወጣቶች ብቻ አይደሉም ቴክኖሎጂ ላይ ዝንባሌ ያላቸው። ሁሉም ሰው ነው።

Tom
Yeah, I actually heard that the amount of people embracing the internet in India is causing a few problems. Let’s listen to today's news story from BBC Radio 4’s Sunday Programme. What's the main problem that the speakers describe?

Presenter
Surely 'good morning' should not cause the internet to crash?

Rahul
When you can have up to 200 million Indians who wake up every morning at around 8 o'clock Indian time, feel that they need to tell everybody that they know the word 'good morning', they want to use applications like WhatsApp and just send those messages out there! So that is what's beginning to slow the internet down here, it's clogging up phones and the real fear is, I think, that as we have more and more Indians that is, actually, that could slow it down globally as well.

Sam
So, the main problem is that too many people are using the internet on a daily basis. It's clogging up their phones and slowing down the internet!

ዘሩባቤል
It's true! 'Clog up' መዝጋት ማለት ነው። 'Slow down' ደግሞ ማዘግየት ማለት ነው።

Sam
You could say that they're really switched on!

ዘሩባቤል
Yes! 'Switched-on' ለአዳዲስ ነገሮች ክፍት መሆን ማለት ሲሆን ሁኔታውን ለመግለጽ ጥሩ ምርጫ ነው። ነገር ግን 'switch on' የኤሌክትሪክ መሳሪያዎችን ማብራት ማለትም ሊሆን ይችላል።  

Tom
It must be annoying though, when the whole internet is slowed down by this big influx of new users.

ዘሩባቤል
Yes! 'Influx' ብዙ ሰው መምጣት ማለት ነው። ብዙ ሰዎች እየተቀላቀሉን ነው።

Sam
So, you have a huge number of users, but the infrastructure can't cope!

ዘሩባቤል
Yes, there are huge amounts of people who use and work with technology. So many, in fact, that many companies aren't able to keep up with current needs!

Tom
And speaking of large numbers of people, it's time to give you the answer to today's quiz.

ዘሩባቤል
That's right! ለቴክኖሎጂ ቅርብ የሆኑ የህንድ ወጣቶችን በመቶኛ ስንት እንደሆኑ ጠይቅንዎት ነበር። መልሱ ሐ) 33 በመቶ ነው

Tom
Wow! That's a huge number of young people who are going to be growing up with technology!

Sam

Yes, imagine how much technology will pervade India soon.

ዘሩባቤል
'To pervade' መሰራጨት ወይንም መስፈን ማለት ነው። But it's not just technology that's pervasive here, it's the new opportunities that technology brings, like online shopping, ride sharing apps and so on.

Sam
Hmm, yes. Technology does seem to have a pervasive influence on all of us. It's hard to escape from technology and modern ideas.

Tom
Hey Sam, I think you got a message!

Sam
It says 'good morning'. Hey! Who sent that!

Tom
I don't know. Who could it be?

Sam
Oh, Tom!

ዘሩባቤል
የቶም መልዕክት በይነ መረቡ ላይ 'slow down' መዘግየትን ወይንም የሳም ስልክ ላይ 'clog up' መቋረጥን እንዳላመጣ ተስፋ እንዳድርግ። ምን ይመስልዎታል? 'switched on' person ለአዲስ ነገር ክፍት የሆኑ ሰው ነዎት? በይነ መረብን 'a daily basis' በየቀኑ ይጠቀማሉ? ቴክኖሎጂ በህይወትዎ 'pervade' ተንሰራፍቷል? ሌሎች የተማርናቸው ቃላት 'millennial' ስለቴክኖሎጅ ዕውቀት ያላቸው ወጣቶች፤ 'influx' የሰዎች በብዛት መምጣት እና 'tech-savvy' ቴክኖሎጂ ወዳድ ናቸው። ለተጨማሪ የኢንግሊሽ ቱጌዘር ዝግጅቶች በሚቀጥለው ክፍል ይጠብቁን።

Meaning & Use

slow (something) down (phrasal verb)

This phrasal verb means to become slower or to make someone or something become slower.

Too many people in India are sending messages online – it's slowing down the internet!
I've just got too much to do at the moment – appointments, travelling. I really need to slow down.
Antibiotics will slow down the inflammation and help you feel better
.

clog (verb)

The verb clog means that something becomes blocked or full up. As a result, it makes movement difficult. It can be used for physical blockages, like something blocking water pipes or traffic blocking the road.

It took ages to get here because the roads were clogged with traffic!
If you eat too much fatty food, it might cause clog your arteries.

switched on (adjective)

If you're somebody who is switched on, you are aware of up-to-date trends and ideas. When it comes before a noun we use a hyphen.

You always know about the latest technology – you're so switched on!
It seems there are more and more switched-on millennials.

A related phrasal verb is switch on. We use this most often with mechanical or technical objects. It means 'make something start working'. The opposite is switch off, which means 'make something stop working'.

Switch on the lights! I can't see a thing!
Please switch off your mobile phone before the performance.

pervade (verb)

When something pervades a place or thing, it spreads throughout it and is present in every part. 

Imagine how much technology will pervade India soon.
Hope and humour are themes that pervade his poetry.
A horrid smell pervaded the air – the food must have gone off!

The related adjective is pervasive.

Technology does seem to have a pervasive influence on all of us.

Good morning India!

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ

Felicitaciones. Has completado el quiz.
Excellent! ¡Muy bien! Bad luck! Tu puntaje :
x / y

Over to you!

Do you think technology is having a big impact in your country? Does the internet pervade your life? Do you get annoyed when the internet gets clogged up? Tell us in our Facebook group!

Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ ኢንግሊሽ ቱጌዘር ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Sesión de vocabulario

  • millennial
    ለቴክኖሎጂ ቅርብ የሆኑ ወጣቶች

    tech-savvy
    ቴክኖሎጂ ወዳድ

    a daily basis
    በየዕለቱ

    clog up
    መዝጋት/ማቋረጥ

    slow down
    ማዘግየት

    switch on
    ማብራት

    switched-on
    ለአዲስ ነገር ክፍት መሆን

    influx
    በብዛት መምጣት

    pervade
    መንሰራፋት