Sesión 28

Is it better to live in a big city or somewhere quiet? In today’s episode we will be discussing the places where we live.

ትልቅ ከተማ ውስጥ መኖር ይሻላል ወይንስ ፀጥ ያለ ቦታ? በዛሬው መሰናዶ የምንኖርባቸውን ስፍራዎች በተመለከተ እንወያያለን።

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No man is an island

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

  • claustrophobic
  • inhabitants
  • uninhabited

Quiz

Approximately how many islands belonging to the British Isles have people living on them? 

a) 50
b) 100
c) 200

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

Mostrar la transcripción Ocultar la transcripción

ዘሩባቤል
ጤና ይስጥልን፥ ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ዘሩባቤል እባላለሁ። አብረውኝ ደግሞ. . .

Tom
Hi everyone, I'm Tom. Welcome to today's episode, and I'm with…

Sian 
And I'm Sian! Hi everyone!     

ዘሩባቤል
ዛሬ ስለ ደሴቶች እናወራለን፤ በተለይም ስለብሪታንያ ደሴቶች። ወደ ዝግጅቱ ግብሩ ከማለፋችን በፊት ግን የዛሬው ጥያቄ ይሄው፤ የብሪታንያ አካል የሆኑ እና ሰው የሚኖርባቸው ደሴቶች ስንት ገደማ ይሆናሉ?

ሀ) ሃምሳ

ለ) መቶ

ሐ) ሁለት መቶ

Tom
I don't see why anybody would want to live outside London, to be honest.

Sian
What do you mean? Why would you say that?

Tom
Well, London, the city has everything really, doesn't it? Bright lights! Loads of shops! Huge crowds of people!

Sian
I find it all a little claustrophobic, actually.

ዘሩባቤል
'Claustrophobic' ጭንቅንቅ ወይንም እፍግፍግ ያለ ማለት ነው።  አንዳንድ የአዲስ አበባ መንገዶች እንደሚጨናነቁት ማለት ነው።

Sian
I'd say my claustrophobia comes from exactly the same things Tom was just talking about! There's just no space in the city!

ዘሩባቤል
In that case, you're probably going to be interested in today's news story. ይህ ቅንጫቢ ድምፅ የተኘው ፋርሚንግ ቱዴይ ከተሰኘው የቢቢሲ ሬዲዮ 4 መሰናዶ ሲሆን፤ የሚያወራውም በስኮትላንድ ደሴቶች መኖር እያገኘ ስለመጣው ተወዳጅነት ነው።
 
Presenter
First today, many small island communities struggle to retain their residents, but the people of Papa Westray, or Papay, as it's known locally, are fighting back. In the last census the population of this tiny Orkney island was recorded at just 90, but that's a 38 percent increase since 2001. The Papay Development Trust says that more people have moved to the island since then and the future's looking bright! The island seems to have a strong draw for outsiders. So, what's its secret?

Guest
Life in Yorkshire was too busy, very stressful. We wanted somewhere that was, for our son, freer, where he could play and have a lot more freedom outdoors and where life was simple and that we could just have a simpler, freer life.

Sian
Wow! That sounds like paradise to me.

ዘሩባቤል
'Paradise' ገነት ማለት ነው።

Tom
I mean it's more of a desert island, really, isn't it?  How many people live there? 92? It's deserted, nobody.

Sian
Well, we've just seen how the population is growing! Considering that the number of inhabitants is growing every year, I'd say they're doing pretty well!

ዘሩባቤል
'Inhabitants' ነዋሪዎች ማለት ነው። But why would anyone want to inhabit somewhere so far away?

Sian
Well, look at our current habitat! London is noisy, and busy and stressful!

Tom
Yeah, that's just how I like it! Far better than some uninhabited desert island in the sea in the middle of nowhere!

Sian
Well, I think a lot of people get tired and want to live somewhere a bit more secluded.

ዘሩባቤል
'Secluded' ርቆ ያለ፥ የተገለለ ማለት ነው። But wouldn't you get lonely, living in such a secluded place?

Sian
No, I don't think seclusion means that you need to be lonely. Imagine the sense of community you'd get with such a small set of people!

Tom
I'm not convinced. Do you know what they say? No man is an island!

ዘሩባቤል
What? What do you mean by that expression?

Tom
It means that people need company! Islands stand alone in the middle of the sea and obviously people can't do that! In fact, did you know the word 'isolated' actually comes from the Latin word for island, which is insula?

ዘሩባቤል
'Isolated' የተነጠለ፥ ብቻውን ያለ ማለት ነው። 90 people living on an island, that's really isolated, isn't it?

Sian
But that's not necessarily a bad thing! We are talking about the isolation of communities, not individuals! You'd probably benefit from a more communal way of life because people would depend on each other.

ዘሩባቤል
የሆነ ሆኖ፥ ስለደሴቶች ካወራን አይቀር የዛሬው መልመጃ መልስ ይሄው። መልሱ ሐ ነው፤ በዩናይትድ ኪንግደም ሰው የሚኖርባቸው 192 ደሴቶች አሉ።

Tom
192 islands, that's unbelievable. You see, Sian, you can take your pick!

Sian
I like the sound of the island of Papay, actually.

ዘሩባቤል
እርስዎስ? በርካታ ነዋሪዎች inhabitants' ያሉበት ቦታ ነው የሚኖሩት? ይህንም ጭንቅንቅ ወይንም እፍግፍግ የሚያደርግ claustrophobic'ሆኖ ያገኙታል? እንደዚያ ከሆነ ደሴቶች ገነት ሊሆኑልዎት ይችላሉ። ደሴቶች ርቀው የሚገኙ isolated' እና የተነጠሉ secluded' ሊሆኑ እንደሚችሉ ተነጋግረናል። Thanks for joining us and see you next week for more English Together! Bye! 

Meaning & Use

claustrophobic (adjective)

This is an adjective that refers to a crowded or small, closed space that makes people feel uncomfortable. It comes from the noun claustrophobia - fear of closed spaces.
Public transport feels really claustrophobic when it's busy.
I need to get outside - it's too claustrophobic in this flat.
There were so many people coming out of the football match, it felt really claustrophobic.

paradise (noun)

Paradise is a place where everything is perfect and it is very pleasant to be in.
A sunny beach is paradise for me. 
It was beautiful, and I was the only person there - it was like paradise!
Paradise for me is somewhere I can just relax and be on my own.

inhabitant (noun)

An inhabitant of a place is someone who lives there (or inhabits it). A place with no inhabitants is uninhabited.
When they found the island, there were no inhabitants.
The inhabitants of the city wanted things to change.
The country has 50 million inhabitants.

secluded (adjective)

A secluded place is somewhere that is private or far from other people.
He loved the secluded beaches on the island.
I like to find a secluded spot to relax in.
She liked a quiet life and lived in a secluded house in the forest.

isolated (adjective)

Somewhere that is isolated is far from other people or settlements and can be hard to access.
It was expensive to buy food on the island as it was so isolated.
Isolated communities can find it hard to access health care.
If people have few friends, they can feel really isolated.

No man is an island

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ

Felicitaciones. Has completado el quiz.
Excellent! ¡Muy bien! Bad luck! Tu puntaje :
x / y

Over to you!

Would you like to live on a small island? Do you like to be isolated? Do you need to be with other people? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ English Together ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Sesión de vocabulario

  • claustrophobic 
    እፍግፍግ ያለ፥ የሚያጨናንቅ

    paradise 
    ገነት

    inhabitants 
    ነዋሪዎች

    uninhabited
     
    ሰው አልባ

    secluded 
    ለብቻው የተከበበ፥ ተገልሎ ያለ

    isolated
     
    የተነጠለ 

    no man is an island 
     
    ሰዎች ለመኖር የሌሎች እርዳታ ያስፈልጋቸዋል