1

Unidad 1: English In A Minute
Give us a minute and we'll give you English

Seleccione una unidad

  1. 1 English In A Minute

Sesión 34

Welcome to English In A Minute. Give us a minute and we'll give you a hot tip about English. Grammar, vocabulary... there's so much to learn! And all taught by your favourite BBC Learning English staff!

Actividad 1

Affect vs effect

Do you have a minute to spare to learn some English? Here's Phil clarify the difference between affect and effect. Give us 60 seconds and we'll give you the English!

Ver el video y completar la actividad

Mostrar la transcripción Ocultar la transcripción

Phil

Hi! I'm Phil from BBC Learning English. Today, I'm going to tell you the difference between affect with an 'a' and effect with an 'e'.

Just remember that affect with an 'a' is a verb. It means 'to influence'. So, for example: Tiredness is affecting my work.

Effect with an 'e' is usually a noun, and it means 'the result of something'. The effect of not having breakfast is to feel really hungry.

Effect can be a verb. It's very formal and it means 'to implement something'. The management effected a new policy.

So if you find this difference affecting your English, just remember that affect with an 'a' is a verb and that effect with an 'e' is usually a noun. And the effect will be that you don't make any more mistakes!

______________________________________________________________________________________

Did you like that? Why not try these?

EIAM Teaser 6minvocab_li_29_pronouncing_verbs_nouns.jpg white_elephant_resilience_13_YT.jpg______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Affect vs effect

Affect
Affect is usually a verb and means 'to influence'.

  • Tiredness is affecting my work.
  • People's confidence in the future affects the stock market.
  • The earthquake affected people for miles around.

NOTE: Affect can be used as a noun, though rarely. It is connected with the context of psychology and means an emotion or desire that influences behaviour.

Effect
Effect is usually a noun. It means 'the result of something'.

  • The effect of not having breakfast is to feel really hungry.
  • The aspirin's effect took a long time to start working.
  • The romantic movie had a strange effect on his emotions.

Effect can be a verb. It's very formal and means 'to implement something'

  • The management effected a new policy.
  • Environmentalists around the world are trying to effect ecofriendly changes.

Pronunciation
Affect and effect sound very similar, but in British English ‘effect’ is usually pronounced /ɪˈfekt/ while affect is pronounced as /əˈfekt/. In American English they are often pronounced the same -  /əˈfekt/This pronunciation difference can be very hard to hear. Sometimes people do not notice the difference. 

____________________________________________________________________________________________

To do

Try our quiz to see how well you've learned today's language. 

English In A Minute Quiz

3 Questions

Test your understanding of this lesson with our quiz!

Felicitaciones. Has completado el quiz.
Excellent! ¡Muy bien! Bad luck! Tu puntaje :
x / y

Downloads

You can download a PDF document for this episode here.

More

We hope you enjoyed English in a Minute. You can find more episodes here