Сеанс работы 17

Do you think fathers spend enough time with their children?
In today’s episode we will be discussing the possible benefits of fathers spending more time with their children.

አባቶች በቂ ጊዜ ከልጆቻቸው ጋር ያሳልፋሉ ብለው ያስባሉ?
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን አባቶች ከልጆቻቸው ጋር ተጨማሪ ጊዜ ማሳለፋቸው ሊኖረው ስለሚችለውው ጥቅሞች እንወያያለን።

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    Упражнение 1

Упражнение 1

Fathers and parenting

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • benefits
  • involvement

Quiz

How much time do most fathers spend with their children? Research conducted by University of London and University of Sevilla found the answer. Is it:

a) 35 minutes a day?
b) 45 minutes a day?

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

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ምህረት
ሃይ፥ ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ምህረት እባላለሁ። አብሮኝ/አብራኝ… አለ/አለች።

Sam
Hello, I’m Sam.

Phil
And I’m Phil. Welcome!

ምህረት
ዛሬ የምንወያየው በአስተዳደጋቸው ላይ አባቶቻቸው ንቁ ተሳተፎ ያላቸው ጨቅላ ሕፃናት እንዴት ፈጣን ተማሪዎች እንደሚሆኑ ነው። ስለጉዳዩ የበለጠ ለማወቅ ይሄንን ታሪክ ያዳምጡ።

News insert
An active male role in the early stages of babies’ development produced better performance in cognitive tests by the age of two, researchers found. They say the findings show the value of early paternal involvement. Previous studies found that men tended to have a more stimulating, vigorous style, encouraging a child’s risk-taking and exploration tendencies, which, in turn, might facilitate cognitive development.

ምህረት
ስለዚህ አባቶች ከልጆቻቸው ጋር ጊዜ ማሳለፋቸው ዕድገታቸው ላይ አውንታዊ አስተዋፅዖ ይኖረዋል፤ ይሁንና አብዛኞቹ አባቶች ከልጆቻቸው ጋር የሚያሳልፉት ጊዜ ምን ያህል ነው? በሎንደን ዩኒቨርስቲ እና በሲቪያ ዩኒቨርስቲ የተከናወነ ጥናት መልሱን ይዟል። ምን ያህል ይመስላቸኋል? ሀ) በቀን 35 ደቂቃ ወይንስ ለ) በቀን 45 ደቂቃ?

Sam
Well, either way, it doesn’t seem like a lot of time to spend with your child. Surely a child should spend at least an hour a day with their fathers!

Phil
An hour?! Really? Have you ever spent time with children? It’s hard work!

Sam
If what the research says is true, fathers can help develop their child’s cognitive development just by spending time with them.

ምህረት
‘Cognitive development’ ስነ አዕምሯዊ እድገት ሲሆን በሕፃናት የማሰብ እና የመገንዘብ ችሎታ ላይ በማተኮር ያጠናል።

Phil
But surely, fathers spending time with their children isn’t the only thing that helps a child’s cognitive development. What about their mothers?

ምህረት
ከእናቴ (ለ) ጋር መስማማት ይኖርብኛል።

Sam
Well of course, mothers have an important role to play, but the research shows that a father’s involvement, which is on the rise, has its own benefits.

Phil
Really? Paternal involvement is on the rise?

ምህረት
አዎ፥ ‘Paternal’ ‘አባታዊ’ ማለት ነው። እናም በሎንደን ዩኒቨስርቲ እና በሲቪያ ዩኒቨርስቲ የተከናወነው ጥናት እንደሚያመላክተው ከሆነ እ.ኤ.አ በ1970ዎቹ የነበሩ አባቶች ከልጆቻቸው ጋር በቀን አምስት ደቂቃ ብቻ ነው ያሳልፉ የነበረው። ቀደም ሲል አቅርበነው ለነበረው ጥያቄ መልስ የምንሰጥበት ሰዓት አሁን ነው። በሎንደን እና በሲቪያ ዩኒቨስርቲዎች የተካሄደው ያው ጥናት እንደሚያሳየው የዘመናችን ሰራተኛ አባቶች ከልጆቻቸው ጋር በቀን ውስጥ የሚያሳልፉት ጊዜ 35 ደቂቃ ብቻ ነው። ስለዚህም ትክክለኛው መልስ ሀ) ነው ማለት ነው።

Sam
Wow, paternal involvement is only 35 minutes a day? That makes me so sad.

ምህረት
ትልቅ ዕድገት ነው ሳም። እ.ኤ.አ በ1970ዎቹ ከነበረው በሰባት እጥፍ የጨመረ ነው!

Sam
Yes, but still, I don’t think it’s enough. The news report mentioned that paternal involvement helps a child be a risk-taker.

ምህረት
‘Risk-taker’ ኃላፊነትን ለመውሰድ ወይንም አደጋን ለመጋፈጥ የማይፈራ ማለት ነው። Are you a risk-taker, Phil?

Phil
Sure, and I rarely spent time with my father growing up.

Sam
You’re not a risk-taker! And what about exploration tendencies? The news report told us that paternal involvement helps with developing a child’s exploration tendency.

ምህረት
‘Exploration tendency’ የማሳስ ዝንባሌ ማለት ሲሆን ራስን ፈልጎ በማግኘት ነገሮችን የመመርመር ወይንም የመማር ልማድን ያመላክታል።

Phil
Another false claim. I’m always exploring to learn new things by myself, and again, I didn’t spend much time with my father.

Sam
Stop lying to the audience, Phil!

ምህረት
I think Sam has a point.

Phil
What do you mean? I’m always learning things by myself and solving all of my own problems.

Sam
No, you don’t. Whenever you come across a problem, the first thing you do is ask someone near you for an answer.

Phil
Yeah, and I actively look for answers!

Sam
Ugh, I give up.

ምህረት
እነዚህ ሁለቱን ቸል በሏቸው። የእርስዎ አመለካከቶች ምንድን ናቸው? የአባቶች ተሳትፎ ለልጆች ስነ አዕምሯዊ ዕድገት እገዛ ያደርጋል ብለው ያስባሉ?
የዚህ ሳምንት ዝግጅታችንን አጠናቅቀን ከመሰናበታችን በፊት ዛሬ ስንነጋገርባቸው የነበሩትን ቃላት እንመልከት ሁሉም በአባታዊ ተሳትፎ ከሚመጣ የልጆች ዕድገት ጋር የተያያዙ ናቸው።
‘cognitive development’, አዕምሯዊ አድገት ማለት ነው። ‘paternal’, ደግሞ ከአባት ጋር የተያያዘ ወይንም አባታዊ እንደማለት ነው። ‘risk-taking’, ኃላፊነትን ፤ለመውሰድ ወይንም አደጋን ለመጋፈጥ ያለመፍራትን ሲያመላክት ‘exploration tendencies’ የማሳስ ወይንም የመፈተሽ ዝንባሌ ማለት ማለት ይሆናል።
አብራችሁን ስለቆያችሁ እናመሰግናለን፤ ለተጨማሪ English Together ዝግጅት በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

 

Meaning & Use

cognitive development (noun phrase)

Cognitive is an adjective that describes anything that refers to 'thinking or conscious mental processes'.
My sister works with children. She is currently researching the cognitive processes involved in learning to read. It sounds really interesting!

Development is a noun referring to 'the process of developing or changing to a new stage'.
My sister works with children. She is currently researching child development in the area of learning to read. It sounds really interesting!

Cognitive development refers to 'how the mind develops, changes or grows', usually used when talking about children.
Is it true that listening to classical music can improve the cognitive development in babies?


paternal (adjective)

Paternal means 'of or like a father' and describes things related to fathers and fatherhood.
Sally is a single mother. She worries about her children because they don't have a paternal influence in their lives.

 

risk-taking (noun)

Risk-taking is 'the act or fact of doing something that involves danger or risk in order to achieve a goal'.
Starting a business always involves some risk-taking.

You can describe a person who enjoys risk-taking with the noun a risk-taker. The verb phrase is to take a risk or to take risks.
Valerie absolutely loves extreme sports. Swimming with sharks, parachute jumps, abseiling - she's tried it all. She has no fear, she's such a risk-taker.
Valerie absolutely loves extreme sports. Swimming with sharks, parachute jumps, abseiling - she's tried it all. She has no fear, she's always taking risks.

 

exploration tendencies (noun phrase)

Exploration is 'the action of thoroughly exploring an unfamiliar area or subject'. It can be physical or mental.
Governments have spent millions on space exploration.
At school, we studied Shakespeare's exploration of the theme of love.

A tendency refers to 'an attitude, habit or situation that is starting to develop in a particular way'.
The tendency now is for students to use the internet, not books, when doing their homework.

Exploration tendencies refers to 'the way in which someone learns to explore an unfamiliar area or subject'.
Men's style of parenting can encourage a child's risk-taking and exploration tendencies.

Fathers and parenting

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

Поздравления
Excellent! Отлично! Bad luck! Вы набрали:
x / y

Over to you!

What are your views? Do you think 'paternal involvement' helps with a child’s 'cognitive development'? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ እንግሊዝኛን በጋራ ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Сеанс работы над лексикой

  • cognitive development
    አዕምሯዊ ዕድገት

    paternal
    ከአባት ጋር የተያያዘ ወይንም አባታዊ

    risk-taking
    ኃላፊነትን ለመውሰድ ወይንም አደጋን ለመጋፈጥ ያለመፍራት

    exploration tendencies
    የማሰስ ወይንም የመፈተሽ ዝንባሌዎች

    hard work
    ታታሪነት

    benefits
    ጠቀሜታዎች

    involvement
    ተሳትፎ

    solving problems
    ችግሮችን መፍታት