Сеанс работы 16

Do you think reading great literature is important?
In today’s episode we will be discussing whether it is important for people to read fiction.

ታላላቅ የስነ ፅሁፍ ስራዎችን ማንበብ አስፈላጊ ነው ብለው ያምናሉ?
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን ሰዎች የልቦለደ ስራዎችን ማንበባቸው አስፈላጊ ስለመሆን ያለመሆኑ እንነጋገራለን።

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    Упражнение 1

Упражнение 1

Is literature important?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • entertainment
  • literature
  • novel

Quiz

What language is the most popular novel in the world written in? Is it:

  • English
  • Spanish
  • Chinese

Listen to the discussion about whether reading literature is important and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

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ምህረት
ሃይ፥ ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ምህረት እባላለሁ። አብሮኝ/አብራኝ አለ/አለች።

Sam
Hi, I’m Sam.

Phil
And I’m Phil. Welcome!

ምህረት
ዛሬ ስለስነፅሁፍ እና ጠቃሚ ስለመሆን ያለመሆኑ እንነጋገራለን። በመጀመሪታ አንዲት ጥያቄ እናቅርብ። በዓለማችን ላይ በጣም ዝነኛው የረጅም ልቦለድ የተፃፈበት ቋንቋ የትኛው ነው? እንግሊዝኛ፥ ስፓኒሽ ወይስ ቻይንኛ?

Sam
Wow, that’s a hard one! There are lots of people that speak all of those languages. Is the answer Chinese?

Phil
Oh, I don’t know. Is it English?

ምህረት
መልካም፥ ስለእርሱ እያሰቡ የቢቢሲ ሞኒተርኒንግ ክፍል ከሌሎች ምንጮች ከሚያገኛቸው ዜናዎች መካከል ስለመፅሐፍት የሚያወራውን ይሄንን ከአዘርባጃን የተገኘ ታሪክ እናዳምጥ።

News insert
The leader of the Azeri region of Nakhchivan has published a list of 30 books that he says all citizens should read. The Public's Supreme Assembly Chairman, Vasif Talibov, produced the list in order to encourage patriotism and broaden youngsters' horizons, the Minval.az news website reports. They include classics from Azeri and medieval Eastern authors, as well as Western authors such as Jack London and Ernest Hemingway. This means that a set of the 30 books should be sent to every school, library and cultural institution in Nakhchivan.

ምህረት
የስነፅሁፍ ንባብ ትምህርት ሁሉም ተማሪ ሊወስደው የሚገባ መሆን አለበት?

Phil
It’s a funny story isn’t it – I mean, I love a good book, reading’s great – but good as great literature can be, they’re just stories – they’re fiction. I don’t think anyone should be made to read stories.

ምህረት
‘Fiction’ ልቦለድ ማለት ነው። It sounds like you don’t think fiction is important?

Phil
Well, yeah - it’s not history, it’s not what really happened – all it is, is entertainment, isn’t it?

Sam
Wait, you can’t be serious? I mean, of course literature is fiction – but it’s so much more than that – it really allows you to broaden your horizons.

ምህረት
‘Broadening horizons’ አድማስን ማስፋት ማለት ነው። በሌላ ሰው ቦታ ሆነው እንዲመለከቱት ያስችልዎታል።

Sam
I think it’s a good thing that people are being encouraged to read more literature. If you can read about someone else’s life, their problems, you can get an amazing insight into how they think, or what their world’s like.

ምህረት
‘Insight’ ልዩ ምልከታ ማለት ነው። ስለመፅሐፍት እርሱን እወዳለሁ፤ ሌላ ሰው እንዴት እንደሚያስብ ማየት መቻሌ ደስ ያሰኘኛል። It’s great to get those insights into people’s life. Why not have a list of things to read?

Phil
Wow, you two think too much! I love books, too – but I just want some escapism, to escape my life and pretend I’m in a world full of adventures. It doesn’t mean anything and no one should tell me I have to do it.

ምህረት
‘Escapism’ ከእውነተኛው ዓለም መደበቅ ማለት ነው። You are telling me that you just use books as a way to escape or forget about your own life?

Phil
And TV, and films, and videogames – it’s all escapism, it’s all for entertainment. It just helps me relax.

Sam
Look, it’s great that books are entertaining, and it’s great that they help you escape your routine – but maybe you should think where they can take you, and what you can learn…

ምህረት
ስለእርሱ ካወራን ዘንድ፥ ቀደም ሲል ያነሳነውን ጥያቄ አስታውሶኛል፤ ከየትኛውም ረጅም ልቦለዶች በበለጠ በብዛት የተሸጠው ረጅም ልቦለድ በአስራ ሰባተኛው መቶ ክፍለ ዘመን ወደነበረችው ስፔን የሚወስደን ነው። አዎ፤ በርካታ ምንጮች እንደሚያሳዩት የምንግዜም እጅግ ዝነኛ ረጅም ልቦለድ ዶን ኪኾቴ ሲሆን የተፃፈውም በስፓኒሽ ቋንቋ ነው።

Phil
I didn't’ expect that… so the most popular novel is in Spanish! I haven’t read it yet.

Sam
Maybe I should make you a list of books to read…. That’s going to be the first one… then you can tell me what insights you get from it.

Phil
You’re trying to broaden my horizons, aren’t you?

Sam
Maybe…

ምህረት
እሽ፤ መፅሐፌን ለማንበብ መሄዴ ነው፤ ነገር ግን የዚህ ሳምንት ዝግጅታችንን ጨርሰን ከመሰናበታችን በፊት፥ ዛሬ ስንነጋገርባቸው የነበሩትን ቃላት እናንሳ። ሁሉም ስለስነፅሁፍ ስናወራ የምንጠቀምባቸው ናቸው። ‘Fiction’ ልቦለድ ማለት ሲሆን፥ ‘to broaden horizons’ ደግሞ አድማስን ማስፋት የሚል ትርጉም ይዟል፤ ‘insight’ ልዩ ምልከታ ማለት ሲሆን፥ ‘escapism’ ደግሞ ከእውነትኛው ወይንም ከነባራዊው ዓለም መሸሸግ ማለት ነው።
አብራችሁን ስለቆያችሁ እናመሰግናለን፤ ለተጨማሪ English Together ዝግጅቶች በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

Meaning & Use

fiction (noun)

Fiction refers to books and stories about imaginary events and people' Books that give facts about real events, things or people are called non-fiction. We often use adjectives such as romantic, historical, crime or detective to describe the type of fiction, what it's about or where it's set.
Thomas Hardy wrote poetry as well as fiction.
My father prefers to read non-fiction, particularly history books.
Our neighbour is a successful writer of romantic fiction but she never talks about it.

The adjective is fictional, which we can use to describe a character, place or event in a book, play or film.
'Neverland' is a fictional island in the story of 'Peter Pan' but I always wished it was real when I was a child. It sounded magical! 

 

to broaden someone's horizons (verb phrase)

To broaden means 'to become wider' or 'to make something wider'. It is a regular verb. Horizons, when used in the plural form, refers to 'the limits of your experience'. With this meaning, it is either used with the verb broaden or expand, followed by a possessive adjective, such as my or your.
Travelling is the best education. It really broadened my horizons when I was younger. It still does!
You should read this article. It will expand your horizons and help you see the situation differently.

 

insight (noun)

Insight can mean 'a chance to understand something, or learn more about it'. It is often used with the verb get and followed by the preposition into. With this meaning, it is usually used as a countable noun.
It was a really interesting programme. It helped me get an insight into the history of that region.

Insight can also mean 'the ability to notice or understand a lot about people or situations'. With this meaning, it is usually used as an uncountable noun.
Children can sometimes show amazing insight, more than we think they can!

 

escapism (noun)

Escapism 'is something pleasant or exciting that helps you to forget about real life and the boring and unpleasant parts of it'. It is an uncountable noun.
I love James Bond films. They're pure escapism!

 

Is literature important?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

Поздравления
Excellent! Отлично! Bad luck! Вы набрали:
x / y

Over to you!

What do you think? Do you think reading can 'broaden your horizons'? Or do you think it's just 'escapism'? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ እንግሊዝኛን በጋራ ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Сеанс работы над лексикой

  • fiction
    ልቦለድ

    to broaden horizons
    አድማስን ማስፋት

    insight
    ልዩ ምልከታ

    escapism
    ከነባራዊ ዓለም መሸሸግ

    patriotism
    አርበኛነት

    entertainment
    መዝናኛ

    literature
    ስነ ፅሁፍ

    a novel
    ረጅም ልቦለድ