Сеанс работы 20

Listen to find out how to use an everyday English expression.
በዕለት ተዕለት ንግግር ውስጥ ግልጋሎት የሚሰጡ የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለፆችን እንዴት መጠቀም እንደሚችሉ ይህንን ያዳምጡ።

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    Упражнение 1

Упражнение 1

Take a back seat

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • seat
  • responsibility
  • in charge

Listen to Rob and Feifei explaining the expression 'take the back seat'. As you listen, answer these questions:

1. Is Rob driving?

2. Where is he sitting?

Listen to find out the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

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ጤና ይስጥልን፤ እንኳን አዳዲስ የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለፆችን እንዲማሩ ወደምናግዝበት English Expressions በደህና መጡ። ዛሬ 'take a back seat' 'አነስተኛ ድርሻ ወይንም ዝቅተኛ ሚና መያዝ' የተሰኘውን “የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለጽ መጠቀምን እንማራለን። ምን ማለት ይመስልዎታል?. . .  እርግጠኛ አይደሉም? እሽ፥ መስማትዎን ይቀጥሉ።ሮብ እና ፌይፌይን ያዳምጡ። የት ነው ያሉት? የበለጠ ሥራ እየሰራ ያለው ማን ነው-ሮብ ወይንስ ፌይፌይ? ሮብ የት ነው የተቀመጠው? ለምን?

Rob
Feifei, keep your eyes on the road! Look where you're going.

Feifei             
OK, OK! Rob is making me drive around while we present today's programme. Rob, why exactly am I driving my car?

Rob
Well, I really wanted you to understand the phrase we're going to learn today. But I'm going to leave it all to you.

ስለዚህ ሮብ እና ፌይፌይ የፌይፌይ መኪና ውስጥ ናቸው። ሮብ ሁሉንም ነገር ለእርሷ ትቶላታል 'leave it all to her'።

Feifei             
So what are you going to do then?

Rob
Oh nothing. I'm just going to a take a back seat today. You carry on, I'll watch.

Feifei
Take a back seat? Hmmm – so you're going to let me take control – do all the work – while you sit there and watch?

Rob
Yes – look, I'm just sitting here – on the back seat.

Feifei
Oh I get it! 'To take a back seat' is an idiom that means to give up control and let someone else take responsibility.

Rob
That's it Feifei. 

ሮብ እርሱ 'taking a back seat' መሆኑን ተናገረ፤ መኪኖች ውስጥ እንዳለው ዓይነት የኋላ መቀመጫ ላይ መሆን ማለት ነው። እኛ 'taking a back seat' የምንለው መቆጣጠርን ለቀቅ አድርገን ሌላ ሰው ኃላፊነቱን እንዲይዝ ስንፈቅድ ነው፤ ብዙ ጊዜም አቅማቸውን ለማጎልበት እና የመካተት ስሜት እንዲፈጠርባቸው ስንፈልግ ነው ይሄንን የምናደርገው። መኪና ውስጥ የኋለኛ ወንበር 'back seat' ላይ ተቀምጦ ሌላ ሰው መኪናውን እንዲያሽከረክር እንደመፍቀድ ማለት ነው፤ ነገር ግን ይህ አገላለፅ ሁልጊዜም መንዳትን ወይንም መኪና ውስጥ መሆንን ብቻ የሚያካትት አይደለም። ይህ አገላለፅ ቋሚ መሆኑን ልብ ይበሉ፤ ስለዚህም 'back seat' ሁሌም ነጠላ ቁጥር ነው፤ አበረነውም 'a'ን እና 'take' የተባለውን ግስ እንጠቀማለን።

የዚህን ሐረግ አጠቃቀም የሚያስረዱ ተጨማሪ ምሳሌዎችን እናዳምጥ።

Examples
Honey, I'm going to take a back seat this year and let you decide where we go on holiday. I always choose and I want you to be more involved in our decisions.

Now he's getting older he's decided to take a back seat in running the company and has handed things over to his son.

Mary was happy to take a back seat and let Jim run the meeting. It was his turn to be responsible for the team's decision.

Feifei
So, to take a backseat means to choose not to take control and let someone else be in charge. Rob, does this mean you're just being lazy?  

Rob
Of course not, Feifei. It just means I'm letting you have a turn at being in charge – I trust you – although… What are you doing?!

Feifei
Letting you take the back seat while I show you how to really drive!

Rob
Feifei! Watch out for the roundabout… and that traffic light… aren't you driving a bit fast?

Feifei
Rob – don't be such a back-seat-driver!

Rob
A what?

Feifei
A back-seat-driver – someone who offers unwanted advice – someone who tells the driver how to drive. But we'll leave that expression for another day!

Rob
OK OK – but you are going really fast – can I take the front seat now?

Feifei
Stay where you are!

Rob
Oh, ok.

ሮብ እርሱ 'taking a back seat' እና ፌይፌይ ኃላፊነቱን መያዟ ብዙም ያስደሰተው አይመስልም። ፌይፌይ ያለምንም ጥርጥር እርሷ 'take a back seat' አትፈልግም። እርስዎስ? 'taking a back seat' ምቾት ይሰጥዎታል ወይንስ ኃላፊነቱን መያዙን ይመርጣሉ? 'taking a back seat' አስፈላጊ የሚሆንባቸው ጊዜያት አሉ? ያስ ምን ዓይነት ችግሮችን ሊያመጣ ይችላል? ለተጨማሪ “English Expressions” በሚቀጥለው ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Answers

1) Rob isn't driving.

2) He is sitting in the back seat of the car.

 

How do I use it?

'Take a back seat' means to let someone else take control of a situation. We often use it to say that we are giving up responsibility for something.

This is your project, so I am going to take a back seat in this meeting.

I took a back seat at Christmas, my children did all the cooking for the family!

You've done lots of work on this, why don't you take a back seat for a while?

Take a back seat

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

Поздравления
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Over to you!

Have you ever taken a back seat on something? When was it? Why did you do it? Come and tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Expressions, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለፆች ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Сеанс работы над лексикой

  • seat
    መቀመጫ

    responsibility
    ኃላፊነት

    take turns
    በተራ በተራ ማከናወን

    in charge
    ኃላፊነት ያለው

    trust
    መተማመን