Сеанс работы 13

Listen to find out how to use an everyday English expression.
በዕለት ተዕለት ንግግር ውስጥ ግልጋሎት የሚሰጡ የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለፆችን እንዴት መጠቀም እንደሚችሉ ለማወቅ ይህንን ያዳምጡ።

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    Упражнение 1

Упражнение 1

To downsize

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • an employee
  • redundant
  • a company

Listen to Neil and Feifei explaining the expression 'to downsize'. As you listen, answer these questions:

1. Why are they talking about the economy?

2. What does Feifei think about Neil's appearance?

Listen to find out the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

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ጤና ይስጥልን፤ እንኳን አዳዲስ የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለፆችን እንዲማሩ ወደምናግዝበት English Expressions በደህና መጡ።
ዛሬ ‘to downsize’ ‘መጠንን መቀነስ’ የተባለውን የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለጽ መጠቀምን እንማራለን። ምን ማለት ይመስልዎታል? እርግጠኛ አይደሉም? እሽ፥ መስማትዎን ይቀጥሉ።
ኒል እና ፌይፌይ የሚያደርጉትን ውይይት ያዳምጡ። ኩባንያዎች መጠናቸውን ስለመቀነሳቸው እና በኩባንያዎች ውስጥ ስለሚሠሩ ሠራተኞች ዕጣ ፈንታ ነው የሚነጋገሩት። ኩባንያዎች በመጠን አንስ እያሉ በመሄዳቸው እና በዛሬው አገላለፅ መካከል ምን ግንኙነት ያለ ይመስላችኋል?

Neil
The word we are going to focus on today is the verb ‘to downsize’. That's the word companies use to describe cutting a number of jobs and making employees redundant. 'Downsizing' is the noun.

Feifei
Yes. When they make workers redundant the companies become smaller in size. They downsize.

‘Downsize’ ከሁለት ቃላት ጥምረት የተመሰረት ሐረግ ነው፤ ከdown እና ከsize። እዚህ ላይ ‘size’ ጥቅም ላይ የዋለው በግስነት ሲሆን ‘to change size’ የሚል ትርጓሜ ይዟል፤ ‘down’ ደግሞ የዚያን ለውጥ አቅጣጫ ያሳያል። ከነበረው ማነስ ማለት ነው። ብዙ ጊዜ ከወትሮ መጠናቸው ስለሚቀንሱ የንግድ ተቋማት ለማውራት ያገለግላል።

Neil
You might have heard or read this verb during the economic downturn of the last few years. As most people were short of money, they decided to save the money they did have and it had an impact on businesses all over the world.

Feifei
And some people have started applying the term to their own situations. If you've had to sell your house and move to a smaller flat, for example, you might say you were 'downsizing'.

‘Downsize’ ከንግድ ተቋማት ተያይዞ ጥቅም ላይ ሲውል፥ ብዙ ጊዜ የተወሰኑ ሰዎች ሥራቸውን ያጣሉ ማለትም ነው - ስለዚህም በአብዛኛው አሉታዊ ቃል ነው። ‘Downsizing’ አነስ ወዳለ ቤት የሚዘዋወሩ ሰዎችን ለመግለፅም ያገለግላል። ይሁንና ወደአነስተኛ ቤት የመዘዋወሩ ምክንያቶች ሁሌም አሉታዊ አይደሉም፤ አንዳንድ ሰዎች ከነባራዊ ምክንያቶች ተነስተው ወደአነስተኛ ቤት ሊገቡ ይችላሉ - ምናልባት ትልቅ ቤት አያስፈልጋቸውም ይሆናል፥ ወይንም ምናልባት የአኗኗር ዘይቤ ለውጥ ማድረግ ፈልገውም ይሆናል።
እንዴት ጥቅም ላይ እንደሚውል የሚያሳዩ ተጨማሪ ምሳሌዎችን እናዳምጥ።

Examples
The growth of online sales in the U.K. has forced many retail businesses to downsize. Some of them have reduced their number of outlets in the high street.

Now that I am going to university, my parents have decided to downsize. They are selling the house, moving to a flat and using some of the money to travel the world.


Many people are upset about the company’s decision to downsize. Their decision will lead to many people losing their jobs.


Feifei
And if you don't mind me saying, Neil, I think you would benefit from downsizing.

Neil
What do you mean? I don't own a company and I'm not selling my house or anything.

Feifei
No but I've noticed you've… well, you know, you really enjoy your food, don't you?

Neil
Are you calling me fat!?

Feifei
Oh no, no, no… well, yes. A little.

Neil
How dare you! And anyway, we don't use 'downsize' for bodies, so you're confusing our audience!

Feifei
Sorry, Neil.

Neil
I am a bit fat, actually…

Feifei
Well, maybe if the company downsizes, you won't be able to afford all those meat pies.

Neil
That's what I like about you, Feifei. You always look on the bright side.

ስለዚህ አሁን ፌይፌይ ለኒል ‘downsize’ የሚያደርግባቸውን መንገዶች እየጠቆመችው ነው። አካላዊ ውፍረቱን ‘downsize’ ማድረግ እንዳለበት እየመከረችው ነው። ‘downsize’ ብዙ ጊዜ በዚህ መልክ አያገለግልም፥ ስለዚህም ነው ፌይፌይ ውዥንብር ልትፈጥርብን እንደምትችል ኒል ያሰበው። ያስታውሱ፥ በጣም የተለመደው አገልግሎቱ ኩባንያዎች መጠናቸውን ከመቀነሳቸው ጋር የሚያያዝ ነው፥ ነገር ግን ሰዎች አንስ ወዳለ ቤት መግባታቸውንም ለመግለፅ ሊያገለግል ይችላል። ሠርታችሁበት የምታውቁበት ኩባንያ ‘downsize’ አድርጎ ያውቃል? ቤትዎን ‘downsize’ ማድረግን አስበው ያውቃሉ? ለተጨማሪ English Expressions በሚቀጥለው ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Answers

1. Because the economy has caused many people and companies to downsize.

2. Feifei suggests that Neil has put on weight recently.

 

How do I use it?

'To downsize' means 'to make something smaller in size or number'. It is often used for a company or organisation that is made smaller by reducing the number of workers.

The politicians spoke against government's plans to downsize the military.

'To downsize' is a regular verb, so the past simple and past participle are both made by adding 'd' to the verb.

The TV news producer explained how her network downsized the newsroom and she lost three of the journalists on her team.
Our children are now adults and don't live with us anymore, so this year we have downsized to a smaller house and car.

While the verb is more commonly used, 'downsizing' is the noun form of the word.

There is a trend of corporate downsizing at the moment because of the economy.

To downsize

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

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Over to you!

Have you ever had to make changes to your living situation and 'downsize'? Can you think of any companies or businesses that have had 'to downsize'? Come and tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Expressions, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ የእንግሊዝኛ አገላለፆች ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Сеанс работы над лексикой

  • employee
    ተቀጣሪ ሠራተኛ

    redundant
    ድግግሞሽ

    company
    ኩባንያ

    a downturn
    የዕድገት ማቆልቆል

    to be short of money
    ገንዘብ ያጠረው

    retail
    ችርቻሮ