ਸੈਸ਼ਨ 4

And, and, and… It's one of the most common words in the English language, but do you use it too much? In Stop Saying, Helen gives you some alternatives, and treats you to some lovely singing.

Sessions in this unit

Session 4 score

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    ਕਿਰਿਆ/ਕੰਮ 1

ਕਿਰਿਆ/ਕੰਮ 1

Stop Saying

Alternatives to 'and'

Do you use the word and too much? Helen's here to give us a few alternatives – and to entertain us with some wonderful singing and dancing.

She's going to tell us this story – with lots of ands in it. Can you think of alternatives? Watch the video to find out!

I love singing and dancing. The first time I sang on stage the crowd screamed really loudly and when I finished they seemed very happy… And singing helps me feel good about myself… And I just think singing's great in every way.

ਵੀਡੀਓ ਦੇਖੋ ਅਤੇ ਕੰਮ ਪੂਰਾ ਕਰੋ

Summary

In her story, Helen replaced and with other words and phrases, depending on how and was being used.

1. 'And' in a list – use as well as or also:

Original: I love singing and dancing.

Alternative: I love singing. I also love dancing.

Alternative: I love singing as well as dancing.

2. 'And' in a sequence of actions – use then or after:

Original: The first time I sang on stage the crowd screamed really loudly and when I finished they seemed very happy…

Alternative: The first time I sang on stage the crowd screamed really loudly then when I finished they seemed very happy.

Or after

Alternative: …really  loudly, after I finished they seemed very happy.

3. 'And' when giving more information about a topic - use one of these formal expressions, if appropriate:

Original: And singing helps me feel good about myself.

Alternative: Furthermore / moreover / in addition singing helps me feel good about myself.

4. 'And' when summarising - use one of these, again they're quite formal:

Original: And I just think singing's great in every way.

Alternative: To conclude / to sum up / as I've said, I think it's good to use your talents.

To do

Can you replace the ands in this story?

 

Quiz time... and?

4 Questions

Now it's your turn to use Helen's advice. Can you replace the and in each sentence with one of the options?

ਵਧਾਈ ਹੋਵੇ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਕੁਇਜ਼ ਪੂਰਾ ਕਰ ਲਿਆ
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਹਾਸਲ ਕੀਤੇ ਗਏ ਅੰਕ:
x / y

End of session

There we go – that's all for this session. How many alternatives to ands can you remember? Try to use them next time you speak or write in English!

Many thanks to the staff and students of Bell London for their help with this video.

Next

In Session 5 it's time to visit The White Elephant restaurant. Gordon cooks something new and the team give it a taste. Unfortunately it doesn't go down too well and soon has everyone running for the toilet!

Session Vocabulary

  • Alternatives to 'and'

    1. In a list

    Also, as well as

    2. In a sequence of actions

    Then, after

    3. When giving more information

    Furthermore, in addition, moreover

    4. When summarising

    To conclude, to sum up, as I've said