1

ਯੂਨਿਟ 1: The Grammar Gameshow
Test your grammar knowledge

ਯੂਨਿਟ ਚੁਣੋ

  1. 1 The Grammar Gameshow

ਸੈਸ਼ਨ 12

Welcome to the Grammar Gameshow! Test your knowledge in this crazy quiz! The presenter is a bit strange, the points don't make sense and the prizes could use some improvement, but at least the grammar is correct!

Session 12 score

0 / 3

  • 0 / 3
    ਕਿਰਿਆ/ਕੰਮ 1

ਕਿਰਿਆ/ਕੰਮ 1

Episode 11: Relative Clauses

Levington already has one win under his belt, but Kate is hard on his heels. In this episode, our contestants test themselves against defining relative clauses! Those useful, noun modifying phrases that make complex sentences! Will Levington win through, or can Kate take him down? And what’s this big surprise at the end? Find out in this episode of the Grammar Gameshow!

Watch the video and then test yourself below with our quiz

Show transcript Hide transcript

Will
Hello, and welcome to today’s Grammar Gameshow! I’m your host, Will!  But I’m no measure of intention! And of course, let’s not forget Leslie, our all-knowing voice in the sky.

Leslie
Hello, everyone!

Will
Tonight we’re going to be asking you three questions about…

Leslie
Relative clauses! That useful grammar that allows you to modify a noun!

Will
OK! Now, let’s meet our contestants!

Levington
Hello, all. My name’s Levington!

Will
And contestant number two?

Kate
Hi, it’s nice to meet you. I’m Kate!

Will
Great! Nice to see you again, Levington. Let’s get going, and don’t forget you can play along at home too. Our first round is a quick-fire round. Look at this picture, and complete the sentence with the correct relative pronoun. Here we go! This is a guy _____ spoke to me on the bus.

Kate
Who. This is a guy who spoke to me on the bus.

Leslie
Correct!

Will
These are the trees ______ I planted last year.

Levington
Which. These are the trees which I planted last year.

Leslie
Correct! 

Will
That is the lady _____ I saw eating lunch.

Levington
‘Who’ again. That is the lady who I saw eating lunch.

Leslie
Correct!

Will
Here is the building ______ is in the middle of town.

Kate
Which. Here is the building which is in the middle of town.

Leslie
Correct!

Will
Well done both of you! And for a bonus point, tell me in which of these sentences can the relative pronoun ‘who’ or ‘which’ be replaced with ‘that’?

Kate
All of them!

Leslie
Correct!

Will
Leslie?

Leslie
Good job. Defining relative clauses such as these specify which noun we are talking about. They use the relative pronouns ‘who’ and ‘which’. ‘Who’ is for people, and ‘which’ is for things. However, in this type of relative clause, both ‘who’ and ‘which’ can always be replaced by ‘that’. Just remember, it’s a bit less formal.

Will
Levington, four points for you. And Kate, it’s ladies' night at my favourite club so eight points for you!

Levington
Why is that important?

Will
Oh, Levington. I see chivalry truly is dead. I suppose you don’t give up your seat to a lady on the bus either. Minus two points for you. No, no! Question two. In addition to ‘who’, ‘that’ and ‘which’, the relative pronoun ‘whose’ can also be used. But why is ‘whose’ different to ‘who’, ‘which’ and ‘that’? Look at this sentence and tell me. I have a friend whose car is a Ferrari.

Levington
‘Whose’ is different because it describes a possession. Unlike ‘who’, ‘which’ and ‘that’, it cannot be used without being followed by a noun.

Will
Leslie?

Leslie
Right again, Levington! ‘Whose’ is a determiner, like ‘my’ or ‘your’. Despite being a relative pronoun, it must be followed by a noun. We cannot say, ‘I have a friend whose is a Ferrari’. It must be ‘whose car is a Ferrari’.

Will
Well done, Levington. However, this is a negative points round. Minus six points to you.

Levington
Oh! I would graciously like to give my points for this round to Kate.

Will
That’s very gentlemanly of you! And because it’s ladies' night, all her points are increased, so Kate, Levington gives you 100 points!

Levington
But…

Will
It’s time for our last question. Look at these four sentences and tell me in which two the relative pronoun can be left out. I’ve never seen a man who can dance like him.

Leslie
a) I've never seen a man who can dance like him.
b) He met a friend who he invited to lunch.
c) Libraries are buildings that lend you books.
d) It’s definitely a job which I wouldn’t want to do.

Kate
b) He met a friend he invited to lunch. And, d) It’s definitely a job I wouldn’t want to do.

Will
Leslie?

Leslie
You’re dead right, Kate. When the relative pronoun represents the object of the relative clause, such as in sentences b) and d), it can be left out. However, if it represents the subject of the relative clause, such as in a) and c), it cannot be left out.

Will
Well done Kate! Another hundred points to you.

Kate
I’d like to give them to Levington. He’s doing so badly. I think he needs the help.

Will
So generous of you! Very well! Levington, Kate gives you the points. You get five points! Well that brings us to the end of today’s Grammar Gameshow. Let’s count out the points…and the winner is…

Leslie
Lockdown!

Will
Well, I never! It’s a lockdown! That means no winner is declared this show and we have to wait until next time to play again! Kate and Levington will both be staying here until the next show.

Kate and Levington
What!??

Will
Oh don’t worry. It doesn’t get that cold in here over the weekend, or so I’m told anyway. I’m off home. Say goodbye Leslie!

Leslie
Adios, Leslie!

______________________________________________________________________________________

Did you like that? Why not try these?

TGGTeaser 6mingram_li_15_defining_relative_clauses.jpg NewsRevTeaser

________________________________________________________________________________________________

Relative Clauses

Two types
There are two types of relative clause: defining relative clauses, which specify which noun we are speaking about, and non-defining relative clauses, which add extra, non-essential, information to a noun. Defining relative clauses almost always sit immediately after the noun they describe. Non-defining relative clauses are introduced and followed by a comma (if they don't end the sentence).
Defining: The pen which I used is on the table. (I mean 'the one I used and no other')
Non-defining: My brother, who is a doctor, lives in France. (The conversation is about where my brother lives)

The following information concerns defining relative clauses only.

Relative pronouns
Relative pronouns are both pronouns and linkers which connect the relative clause to the noun they describe. 

People
'Who' is the relative pronoun for people. In defining relative clauses, 'that' can always be used in place of 'who'. It is less formal though.
The boy who gave me his phone number is standing at the bus stop.
I know the woman who lives upstairs.

Things
'Which' is the relative pronoun for things. In defining relative clauses, 'that' can always be used in place of 'which'. It is less formal though.
This is the house which my mother has just bought.
The birds which nest in that tree always eat the seeds in our garden.

Possessions
'Whose' is the relative pronoun for possessions, but it acts as a determiner like 'my', 'your' or 'its'. Unlike 'who' or 'which', 'whose' must be followed by a noun.
That's the guy whose car is a Ferrari.
I know where there's a piano whose strings are out of tune.

Leaving out the relative pronoun
When the relative pronoun represents the object of the relative clause, it can be left out. This is very common in speech and writing, though less common in formal writing.
Subject: This is John. It's the dog which always sits on the steps. (It's the dog. He always sits on the steps.)
Object: This is John. It's the dog which I always talk to. (It's the dog. I always talk to it.)
Object (no relative pronoun): This is John. It's the dog I always talk to.

To do

Try our quiz to see how well you've learned today's language. 

The Grammar Gameshow Quiz

3 Questions

Test your grammar knowledge with the Grammar Gameshow quiz!

ਵਧਾਈ ਹੋਵੇ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਕੁਇਜ਼ ਪੂਰਾ ਕਰ ਲਿਆ
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਹਾਸਲ ਕੀਤੇ ਗਏ ਅੰਕ:
x / y

Downloads

You can download the audio and PDF document for this episode here. 

More

That's all from Leslie and the contestants for this episode. Why not go to The Grammar Gameshow homepage to watch another one?