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ਯੂਨਿਟ 1: One-minute English

ਯੂਨਿਟ ਚੁਣੋ

  1. 1 One-minute English

ਸੈਸ਼ਨ 7

In today's One-minute English, Kee will explain how to use ‘mustn't' and 'don't have to’.
ఇవాల్టి One-minute English కార్యక్రమంలో ‘mustn't' and 'don't have to’ ను ఎక్కడ, ఎలా వాడాలో Kee వివరిస్తారు.

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Mustn't vs Don't have to

In today's One-minute English, Kee will explain how to use ‘mustn't' and 'don't have to’.
ఇవాల్టి One-minute English కార్యక్రమంలో ‘mustn't' and 'don't have to’ ను ఎక్కడ, ఎలా వాడాలో Kee వివరిస్తారు.

Watch the video and read our language summary to answer the questions in the quiz.

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Hi guys, this is Kee from BBC Learning English. Today I'm going to tell you the differences between 'mustn't' and 'don't have to'.

Now 'must' and 'have to' are similar in meaning – they are both used to describe obligations. However, their negative forms are completely different in meaning.

We still use 'mustn't' to talk about obligations. For example:
'In the house, I mustn't wear shoes' – you know, to keep the house clean.

But don't have to does not describe obligations, so the choice is yours. For example, if your teacher said 'you don't have to do your homework', well then the choice is yours. You can say 'alright, I won't'.

Function/ఫంక్షన్-పనిచేయు స్థితి

We use 'must not' to talk about obligations. 'Must not' is used to say that something is not the right thing to do.
మనం 'must not' అనేది బాధ్యతల గురించి లేదా విధుల గురించి చెప్పేటప్పుడు వాడతాం. ఏదైనా సరైన పని కాదు అని చెప్పడానికి 'must not' వాడతాం.తప్పనిసరిగా చెయ్యవలసిన పనుల గురించి చెప్పేటప్పుడు 'must not' వాడతాం.

  • You mustn't use your phone on an aeroplane.
  • You mustn't make fun of your friends.

We use 'don't have to' to talk about things that are unnecessary – there is no obligation. You can if you want, but you don't need to.
'Don't have to' ను అనవసర విషయాల గురించి చెప్పడానికి వాడతాం - ఇది తప్పనిసరిగా చెయ్యవలసిన విషయం కాదు. బాధ్యత కాదు. You can if you want, but you don't need to. ఏదైనా పని మీకిష్టముంటే చెయ్యొచ్చు కానీ అవసరం లేదు అని చెప్పడానికి 'don't need to' వాడతాం.

  • You don't have to come to the party by 8pm.
  • You don't have to read the book tonight. You can read it tomorrow.

Structure/నిర్మాణం

Both 'mustn't' and 'don't have to' function as modal verbs, so they are always followed by a bare infinitive.

  • I mustn't/don't have to go home early.(correct)
  • I mustn't/don't have to going home early.(incorrect)

Mustn't vs Don't have to

4 Questions

ఈ క్విజ్ పూర్తి చెయ్యడం ద్వారా మీరు నేర్చుకున్న అంశాలను చెక్ చేసుకోండి.

ਵਧਾਈ ਹੋਵੇ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਕੁਇਜ਼ ਪੂਰਾ ਕਰ ਲਿਆ
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਹਾਸਲ ਕੀਤੇ ਗਏ ਅੰਕ:
x / y

Extension: Past form of have to

'Don't need to' has the same meaning as 'don't have to' and it expresses something as being unnecessary – there is no obligation. You can also use 'needn't' as it means the same as 'don't need to'.
'Don't need to' and 'don't have to'..ఈ రెండింటికీ అర్థాలు ఒకటే - అనవసరం అనే అర్థమే వస్తుంది. తప్పనిసరిగా చెయ్యవలసిన పని కాదు. 'Don't need to' కు బదులు 'Needn't' అని కూడా వాడొచ్చు.  

  • You needn't come/don't need to come to class today.
  • We don't need to/don't have to be here.

Interesting facts
07 mustn't switz copy.jpg
07 dont have to tax UAE.jpg

Conversation Cards

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