ਸੈਸ਼ਨ 23

On today’s programme we will learn information and language about how diet can relate to our ethnicity

आपला आहार आणि आपला वंश, गुणसूत्रं यांचा संबंध काय असतो हे आजच्या भागात आपल पाहणार आहोत. 

Session 23 score

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    ਕਿਰਿਆ/ਕੰਮ 1

ਕਿਰਿਆ/ਕੰਮ 1

How fat can we get before we’re unhealthy?

Before you listen/Pre-listening

Consider the following questions:

  • Do you think everybody gains and loses weight in the same way?
  • What factors might influence our body size?

 

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

Tejali
Hello! ऐकलंत का? Listen here मध्ये तुमचं स्वागत, मी तेजाली.

Sam
Hi, I'm Sam! [Eating]

Tejali
Sam! Stop eating that! सकाळी सकाळी कोण केक खातं? वजन वाढेल तुझं.

Sam
Don't worry! I won't get fat. I have a high metabolism.

Tejali
'Metabolism' म्हणजे चयापचय प्रक्रिया अर्थात अन्नपचनाची क्रिया.

Sam
And food is the thing we metabolise to gain this energy! Just like my cake.

Tejali
चला BBC 5 Live'च्या Afternoon Editionमधली क्लिप ऐकू. आपल्या पचनाचा अनुवांशिकतेशी काही संबंध आहे का यात याबद्दल चर्चा केलीये.

Insert
Ooh! OK, so, I think undoubtedly there are genetic influences on your metabolism. So, between two different people, you know, my metabolism might be very different from your metabolism. But, the biggest thing that actually in a human being, the biggest thing that actually controls your metabolism is actually your body size. And the bigger your body size, the higher your metabolism.  The smaller you are, the slower your metabolism.

Sam
So, he says your body size determines how high your metabolism is.

Tejali
पुन्हा ऐकू या. शरीराचा आकार आणि पचन क्षमता याचा काही संबंध आहे का?

Insert
And the bigger your body size, the higher your metabolism.  The smaller you are, the slower your metabolism.

Tejali
म्हणजे जेवढा तुमच्या शरीराचा आकार मोठा, तेवढी तुमची पचनशक्ती चांगली. इथे तुलना करताना यात ‘the’चा वापर कसा केलाय ते नीट समजून घ्या. शरीराचा आकार आणि पचनशक्ती याचा संबंध जोडताना दोन्ही शब्दांच्या आधी 'the' वापरलंय.

Sam
Right, he said 'the bigger you are, the higher your metabolism'. We can also use 'more', with a verb phrase. For example, 'the more you study, the more you learn!'

Tejali
Or, the more cake you eat, the fatter you get!

Sam
Hey!

Tejali
'Genetic influences' म्हणजे अनुवांशिकता आपल्या चयापचयावर कसा परिणाम करते तेही सांगितलंय इथे. आपली गुणसूत्र किंवा आपला वंश, वजन यांचा काही परस्पर संबंध आहे का?  

Insert
I think Chinese people, which I am, tend to be, smaller, and tend to not be able to carry as much fat before they become ill. All of us have a safe fat-carrying capacity, OK, and it's when we carry too much fat that we become ill. But all of us have different fat-carrying capacities. So Chinese people can't really get all that large before they get ill. I'm generalising, obviously, for an ethnicity. But take some people like the Polynesians, for example, they can get huge! They can get enormous before they actually go into disease.

Sam
He says different ethnicities have different fat-carrying capacities.
 
Tejali
'An ethnicity' म्हणजे वांशिकता. यात तुमचा मूळ देश, रहिवास, जमात, भाषा अशा अनेक गोष्टींचा समावेश होतो. 'A capacity' म्हणजे क्षमता. या सोबत नेहमी 'have' वापरायचं.
 
Sam
So, our fat-carrying capacity describes our ability to carry fat! Some people have the capacity to carry more fat than others!
I could also say 'you have the capacity to become fluent in English'. It means you have the ability – you just need to practice!

Tejali
चिनी लोकांच्या जाड होण्याबद्दल, त्यांच्या शरीरात किती चरबी साठू शकते याबद्दल इथे काय म्हटलंय?

Insert
Chinese people can't really get all that large before they get ill. I'm generalising, obviously, for an ethnicity. But take some people like the Polynesians, for example, they can get huge! They can get enormous before they actually go into disease.

Sam
He said that Chinese people, who are smaller, can't carry much fat before they fall ill.  

Tejali
‘To fall ill’ म्हणजे आजारी पडणे. यासाठी 'get sick' पण वापरतात. पण ते थोडं informal आहे.

Sam
And he said that Polynesians can get enormous before they fall ill!

Tejali
'Polynesians' म्हणजे पॉलेनेशियातील रहिवासी. पॉलेनेशिया हा पॅसिफिक समुद्रातील बेटांचा एक समूह आहे. तर तुमचं 'metabolism', आणि तुमचा आकार जो तुमच्या 'ethnicity' म्हणजे वांशिकतेवर अवलंबून असतो; यावरून तुम्ही किती जाड  व्हाल हे ठरतं.   

Sam
Correct! And, like Polynesians, I have the capacity to carry a lot of fat before I fall ill. So, I am going to eat the rest of this cake!

Tejali
आज आपण शिकलो 'metabolism', 'genetic', 'capacity', 'fall ill' आणि 'Polynesian'.आज आपण 'the’ कसं वापरायचं हेही शिकलो. आज इथेच थांबू. पुन्हा भेटू पुढच्या भागात. Bye, bye! 

Language features

‘the, the’ + comparative adjectives

We can introduce clauses with [the + comparative] to indicate a relationship of proportion.

The older I get, the more sensible I become.
[= As I become older, I become more sensible.]

We can also use the more and the less without adjectives in the same way.

The more you study, the more you learn.

capacity

Capacity is a noun which means ‘ability to do something’. We use it with the verb ‘have’.

You definitely have the capacity to learn to drive! You just need lessons!

It can also mean ‘a professional position or role’.

In my capacity as Director, I am entitled to make decisions regarding the payment employees receive every month.

It can also mean ‘the maximum amount which something can hold’.

We can’t let any more people in, I’m afraid. The theatre has reached capacity. 

ethnicity

Ethnic is an adjective relating to groups of people who are united by certain details. These could be cultural, biological or geographical (amongst others).

Chinese people are a minority ethnic group in England.

The noun form of ethnic is ethnicity. It means ‘the state of belonging to an ethnic group’.

The company has regulations in place to make sure that everyone is treated fairly, regardless of their age or ethnicity,

How fat can we get before we’re unhealthy?

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
रिकाम्या जागी योग्य शब्द भरा.

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Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਹਾਸਲ ਕੀਤੇ ਗਏ ਅੰਕ:
x / y

Join us for our next episode of Listen Here! when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Listen Hereचे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयांवर बोलणार आहोत.

ਵਿਆਕਰਨ ਸੈਸ਼ਨ

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Session Vocabulary

  • metabolism 
    चयापचय

    genetic
    अनुवांशिक

    capacity
    क्षमता

    fall ill
    आजारी पडणे

    Polynesian
    पॉलेनेशियातील रहिवासी