ਸੈਸ਼ਨ 2

Review and extend your knowledge of the present simple, present perfect and present continuous tenses

Sessions in this unit

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First things first...

Hello! Let's start this course with a review of some of the present tenses in English. Have a look at the grammar notes on this page and do the practice activites. You'll have a chance to see these tenses in action in sessions 3 and 4. Good luck!

ਲਿਖਿਆ ਹੋਇਆ ਪੜ੍ਹੋ ਤੇ ਕੰਮ ਪੂਰਾ ਕਰੋ

Present simple

We use the present simple for things that we do regularly and for facts, habits, truths and permanent situations. We often use time expressions like every day, once a week, on Fridays.

  • I check my email every day. (regular activity)
  • Yuki works at the bank. (permanent situation)

Form:
For positive sentences, use the same form as the infinitive without 'to' for I, you, we and they. For he, she and it, add -s or -es to the infinitive. Make questions and negatives with do / does + the infintive without 'to'.

  • They live in Rome.
  • Julian starts work at nine o’clock and finishes at five.
  • I don't eat meat.
  • It doesn't usually snow in October.
  • Why do you read the news online every day?
  • Does the supermarket sell stamps?

Present Continuous 
We use the present continuous for things that are happening at the time we are speaking, for temporary situations, and for activities that are in progress.

  • Just a minute. I’m checking my email. (now)
  • She usually works in London, but she’s working from home this week. (temporary)
  • I’m studying Economics (activity in progress)

We can also use the present continuous for future arrangements, usually with a time expression.

  • I'm seeing the doctor on Monday morning.

Form:
For positive sentences, the form is subject + am/is/are + verb-ing. Make questions and negatives with am/are/is + not + verb-ing.

  • Can I call you back later? We’re having dinner right now.
  • He isn’t answering his mobile at the moment.
  • What are you doing?
  • Is it raining?

Note: There are some verbs that we don’t usually use in the continuous form. They are often verbs of thinking and feeling, for example: hear, see, smell, hate, know, understand, believe, want, need.

WRONG: Could you explain that again? I’m not understanding.
CORRECT: Could you explain that again? I don’t understand.

Present Perfect
Use the present perfect for:

1) Life experiences in the past. We don’t say when these happened: we are interested in the experience, not the time or date. We often use ever and never.

  • I’ve seen all Tarantino’s films.
  • Have you ever eaten sushi? - Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t.

2) Recent past actions that are important now.

  • Oh no! I’ve left my wallet on the bus.
  • The president has resigned.

3) Past situations that are still happening now. We often use how long with for (throughout a period of time) and since (from a point in the past until now).

  • I haven’t seen Jenny this morning. (It is still this morning.)
  • How long have you known Mitya? - I’ve known him for two years.
  • Jack's been in Italy since January.

4) With just, already, yet to talk about recent events in the past. The exact time is not important. Use just and already mainly in positive sentences. Use yet in negatives and questions.

  • It’s just stopped raining. Let’s go out.
  • Can you feed the cat? - I’ve already fed her.
  • We can still watch the film. It hasn’t started yet.
  • Have you done your English homework yet?

Note: Use the past simple for completed actions in the past.

  • I saw Jenny yesterday.
  • Peter moved to Saudi Arabia in 2011.
  • Natasha didn't want to have another piece of cake.
  • When did you see Alex?

Form:
For positive sentences, the form is subject + have/has + past participle. Make negatives with not and change the word order to make questions.

  • I've finished the report.
  • Jack's been in Italy since January.
  • We've just got back from Germany.
  • I haven’t seen Jenny this morning.
  • How long has Alex known Mitya?

To do

Let's do some practice! Have a go at this quiz. It's all about the use of these three tenses. When you've done that, go to the next page to do a quiz about the form of the three tenses. See you in a bit!

Which tense?

8 Questions

Do you know which present tense to use in which situation? Test yourself...

ਵਧਾਈ ਹੋਵੇ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਕੁਇਜ਼ ਪੂਰਾ ਕਰ ਲਿਆ
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਹਾਸਲ ਕੀਤੇ ਗਏ ਅੰਕ:
x / y

Next

So far, so good... on the next page you can practise the form of our three tenses. And after that, we'll remind you of what we've done so far with this Unit's 6 Minute Grammar.

ਵਿਆਕਰਨ ਸੈਸ਼ਨ

  • Present simple - facts, habits, truths and permanent situations. For positive sentences add -s to the infinitive without 'to' for he, she and it; make questions and negatives with do or does + the infintive without 'to'.

    • I check my email every day.
    • Yuki works at the bank.
    • I don't eat meat.
    • It doesn't usually snow in October.
    • Why do you read the news online every day?
    • Does the supermarket sell stamps?

    Present Continuous - activities that are happening now, temporary situations, activities in progress and future arrangements. For positive sentences, the form is subject + am/is/are + verb-ing. Make negatives with not and change the word order to make questions

    • Just a minute. I'm checking my email.
    • She's working from home this week. 
    • The twins are studying Economics.
    • I'm seeing the doctor on Monday morning.
    • He isn't answering his mobile at the moment.
    • What are we doing?
    • Is it raining?

    Verbs of thinking and feeling, for example: hear, see, smell, hate, know, understand, believe, want, need are not usually used in the continuous form.

    WRONG: Could you explain that again? I'm not understanding.
    CORRECT: Could you explain that again? I don't understand.

    Present Perfect - for life experiences in the past; recent past actions that are important now; past situations that are still happening now (often with how long, for and since; with just, already, yet for recent events. For positive sentences, the form is subject + have/has + past participle. Make negatives with not and change the word order to make questions.

    • I've seen all Tarantino's films.
    • Have you ever eaten sushi? - Yes, I have. / No, I haven't.
    • The president has resigned.
    • I haven't seen Jenny this morning.
    • How long have you known Mitya? - I've known him for two years.
    • They've been in Italy since January.
    • It's just stopped raining.
    • We've already had breakfast.
    • The films haven't started yet.
    • Have you done your English homework yet?