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ਯੂਨਿਟ ਚੁਣੋ

## ਸੈਸ਼ਨ 24

Right-handed or left-handed – which is better?
ካብ ዓኼላይን የማናይን ኢድ ካብ ምዃን ኣየናይ ይሓይሽ?

In today’s episode we will be discussing whether being right-handed or left-handed makes a difference.
ኣብ ናይ ሎሚ መደብና የማናይን ዓኼላይን ምዃን ዘምጽኦ ለውጢ እንተሎ ክንርኢ ኢና።

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ਕਿਰਿਆ/ਕੰਮ 1

## ਕਿਰਿਆ/ਕੰਮ 1

### Right-handed or left-handed – which is better?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

• hugging
• a bias against
• an affliction

# Quiz

What percentage of the world’s population is left-handed?

a) approximately 10%
b) approximately 25%
c) approximately 50%

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

Show transcript Hide transcript

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
ሰላም: እንቋዕ ናብ መደብ English Together ብድሓን መጻእኩም። ኣብዚ መደብ'ዚ ብዛዕባ እዋናዊ ኣርእስቲ ክንመያየጥ ኢና። ብእኡ ኣቢልና ድማ ብዛዕባኡ ንምዝራብ ዘኽእል ቋንቋ ከነስንቐኩም ኢና። ኣነ ተኽልማርያም በኪት'የ፤ምሳናውን ሳምን ቶምን ኣለዉ።

Sam
Hi, I'm Sam.

Tom
And I'm Tom. Hi everyone. Welcome to the programme today! Really nice to have you with us.

Sam
You're in a very good mood today, Tom.

Tom
Of course I'm in a good mood, it's my birthday!

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
Oh, Happy Birthday, Tom! ንሰማዕትና ሎሚ መዓልቲ ልደቶም ዘብዕሉ ዘሎው ርሑስ ልደት ይግበረልኩም፡Happy Birthday።

Sam
Ah, come here, let me give you a hug!

Tom
Oh, ok, careful Sam.

Sam
You went the wrong way, Tom. You're supposed to go right.

Tom
No, you went the wrong way! I always go to the left.

ኣቕራቢቋንቋትግርኛ
Wait, you two! ነዚ ቀጺሉ ኣብ መደብ ጥዕና ቢቢሲ ዝቀረበ ብዛዕባ ምትሕቁቋፍ hugging ዝተገብረ መጽናዕቲ፡ ደቂ ሰባት በየማኖምዶ ብጻጋሞም ብዝያዳ  ምሕቋፍ ትንዕ ይብሉ ዝብል ቃል መሕተት ንከታተል።

Insert
So we would predict based on our study that hugging in every society is right-dominated. Obviously, the prevalence of hugging, so how often it occurs in a society, that is extremely different across cultures. So there have been studies that Asian countries, for example, show much less hugging behaviour, or social touch in general, but nonetheless, if someone engages in a hug, it's probably more right-dominated in general.

Tom
Typical! Right-handed people dominate everything. Again.

Sam
Oh, of course, you're left-handed.

Tom
Yes, I'm left-handed. And my dad and my brother are left-handed, too. And I'm tired of the bias against left-handed people.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Do you really think that there is 'a bias against' ኣድልዎ ማለት'ዩ፡ ከምኡ ኸኣ people are biased against left-handed people? ኣንጻር እቶም ጸጋማይ ኢድ ዝጥቀሙ ሰባት ኣድልዎ ኣሎ'ዶ?

Tom
Absolutely. I've felt it all my life. I think there's a bias against us in everything from how desks and chairs are designed in schools to how…hugs are given, apparently.

Sam
It sounds like you think that being left-handed is an affliction, Tom.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Yes, it does. 'An affliction' ስቃይ ማለት ኢዩ። 'be afflicted by something' ብገለ ምኽንያት ስቃይ ምርካብ ማለት'ዩ።

Tom
Yeah, like a disease or an illness! I think it does feel like an affliction sometimes.

Sam
I don't agree with that at all! I think left-handed people are special!

Tom
Special?

Sam
Yes, because there's so few of you in the world!

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Actually, that's a good point, Sam, and it relates to our quiz question for today. ክንደይ ሚእታዊት ካብ ህዝቢ ዓለምና ዓኼሎት ኢዮም።

ሃ) ኣስታት 10%

ለ) ኣሰታት 25%

ሓ) ኣስታት 50%

ጽንሕ ኢልና መልሲ ክንህበኩም ኢና።

Sam
I don't know the exact number, but I know that it's low. And I also know that, being left-handed is associated with high levels of intelligence.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
To be associated with ምስ ካልኦት ምትእስሳር ዘለዎ ማለት'ዩ። Ah ha! Would you agree with that, Tom? That left-handed people are more intelligent?

Tom
Well, of course I agree with that!

Sam
I thought you might! But it's true – left-handed people are associated with being good at maths, for example.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
And sports! ዓኼሎት ተጻወቲ ኩዕሶ እግሪ'ኸ ብሉጻት ድዮም።

Sam
And the number of left-handed people who become Nobel Prize winners and Presidents is disproportionately high.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Wait a moment, Sam. Before you start talking about what is disproportionately high, ዘይተመጣጠነ ማለት'ዩ። let's see what the answer to the quiz was፡ ካብ ህዝቢ ዓለምና ክንደይ ሚእታዊት ዓኼሎት ኢዮም።

ሃ) ከባኪ 10%

ለ) ከባኪ 25%

ሓ) ከባኪ 50%

ብመሰረት ዝተፈላለዩ ምንጭታት እታ ቅንዕቲ መልሲ 10% ኢያ። So, you were right, Sam. It was a small number.

Sam
Very small! Proving that the number of left-handed people who are successful is disproportionately high. So, you see, Tom? Being left-handed is actually a bonus!

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
A bonus' መቑሽሽ ማለት'ዩ። Has Sam convinced you, Tom? Are you special?

Tom
Well, I'm not sure that I agree that being left-handed is a bonus or that it makes us special! But, as it is my birthday, I will agree that, yes, just for today, I'm special.

Sam
Yay! Happy Birthday, Tom.

ኣቕራቢ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ
Sorry we didn't get you a cake! ብወግንኩምከ። ዓኼሎት ዲኹም። ዓኼላይ ምኻን'ሲ an affliction' or 'a bonus' ይመስለኩም'ዶ፡  ናይዚ ሰሙን'ዚ ትምህርቲ ወዲእና ቅድሚ ምፍልላይና ነቶም ሎሚ ዝተዘራረብናዮም ቃላት ተመሊስና ንርኣዮም። ኵሎም ኣብ ሓደ ጉጅለ ዝተኣሳሰሩ ቃላት'ዮም። a bias against ኣድልዎ ማለት'ዩ፡ an affliction' ስቃይ ማለት'ዩ። to be associated with ምስ ካልኦት ምትእስሳር ዘለዎ ማለት'ዩ። a bonus መቑሽሽ ማለት'ዩ። ምሳና ስለዝጸናሕኩም ነመስግን፡ ኣብ ዝመጽእ ሰሙን ብኻልእ ትሕዝቶ መደብ English Together የራኽበና!

# Meaning & Use

## bias (noun)

Bias is a noun which refers to a preference that affects other opinions.
She was awarded compensation when she showed that there was a bias against female employees.
He thought that the reason that he wasn't picked for the team was that there was a bias against short players.

## an affliction (noun)

An affliction is something that causes suffering.
Poverty is an affliction that causes problems in many countries.

## to be associated with (verb)

If something is associated with something else, it is linked to it.
A bad diet is associated with health problems in later life.
A stable childhood is associated with  a successful life.

## a bonus (noun)

A bonus is an extra benefit.
She loved being a musician and getting paid for doing her hobby was a bonus.
He enjoyed gardening, and being able to eat the vegetables that he grew was a bonus.

## Right-handed or left-handed – which is better?

4 Questions

ቅኑዕ መልሲ ምረጹ።

ਵਧਾਈ ਹੋਵੇ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਕੁਇਜ਼ ਪੂਰਾ ਕਰ ਲਿਆ
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਹਾਸਲ ਕੀਤੇ ਗਏ ਅੰਕ:
x / y

# Over to you!

Do you think people are biased against left-handed people? Do you think it matters? Tell us on our Facebook group.

ኣብ ዝቕጽል English Together ኣገደስቲ ናይ አንግሊዘኛ ዝርርብን ናይ ምስማዕ ብቕዓትኩምን እትለማመዱሉ መደብ ሒዝናልኩም ክንቀርብ ኢና።

## Session Vocabulary

• a bias against/ to be biased against
ኣድልዎ / ኣዳላዊ ምዃን

an affliction/ to be afflicted by
ጸበባ/ኣብ ጸበባ ምእታው

to be associated with
ኣብ ሽርክነት ምህላው

a bonus
ሞቑሽሽ

hugging
ምሕቋፍ

dominated
ምዕብላል

to be disproportionately high
ዘይመጣጠን ዕቤት