ਸੈਸ਼ਨ 12

Why do we need sleep?
In today’s episode we will be discussing how sleep is related to our health.

የምንተኛ ለምንድን ነው?
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን እንቅልፍ ከጤናችን ጋር እንዴት የተገናኘ እንደሆነ እንነጋገራለን።

Session 12 score

0 / 4

  • 0 / 4
    ਕਿਰਿਆ/ਕੰਮ 1

ਕਿਰਿਆ/ਕੰਮ 1

Why do we need sleep?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • heart disease
  • diabetes
  • Alzheimer’s

Quiz

Who sleeps the longest on average? Is it:

a. newborn babies
b. teenagers
c. the elderly

Listen to the discussion about why we need sleep and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

Show transcript Hide transcript

ምህረት
ሰላም፥ ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ምህረት እባላለሁ። አብሮኝ/አብራኝ… አለ/አለች።

Sam
Hi, I’m Sam. Welcome to the programme!

Tom
And I’m Tom. Hello everyone!

ምህረት
ዛሬ የምንነጋገረው ስለእንቅልፍ ነው። ለሁላችንም ያስፈልገናል፥ ነገር ግን አንዳንዶቻችን ከሌሎች የበለጠ ያስፈልገናል። ስለዚህ መቀመጫውን አሜሪካ ካደረገው ብሔራዊ የእንቅልፍ ፋውንዴሽን የተገኘው የዛሬው ጥያቄ ይሄው፤ በአማካይ ከሁሉም የበለጠ ረጅም ጊዜ የሚተኛው ማን ነው?
ሀ) ገና የተወለዱ ጨቅላዎች
ለ) በአስራዎቹ ውስጥ ያሉ ታዳጊዎች
ሐ) አዛውንቶች

Tom
I think it might be C. the elderly, because my grandfather falls asleep all the time. In fact, sometimes he even falls asleep at the dinner table!

Sam
I don’t know. Teenagers can stay in bed for days!

ምህረት
Well, we will give the answer later in the programme. አሁን በመጀመሪያ በNPR የተላለፈውን እና እንቅልፍ ለምን እንደሚያስፈልገን የሚያስረዳውን የሚከተለውን መሰናዶ እናዳምጥ።

News insert
The recommendation from the World Health Organisation is that adults should sleep 8 hours a night, but why? The answer lies in the results of recent studies, which show that there is a direct connection between how long we sleep and how long we live. Matthew Walker, from the Centre for Human Sleep Science at the University of California, Berkeley, says the less you sleep, the more at risk we are from heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s and more, confirming that short sleep predicts a shorter life.

Tom
Do you know, I never get 8 hours of sleep a night… I’m busy, I have other things to do apart from go to sleep.

Sam
Tom, the news story says that’s not good for you! If you’re sleep-deprived, you could have health problems.

ምህረት
‘Sleep-deprived’ እንቅልፍ ያጠረው ማለት ነው። Yes, they mentioned ‘heart disease’, የልብ በሽታ, ‘Alzheimer’s’ የመርሳት በሽታ… Those are all serious!

Tom
But isn’t everybody sleep-deprived these days? I mean, who really gets 8 hours of sleep a night? I know I don’t, for sure!

Sam
I do! I always make sure I get at least 7.5 hours a night.

Tom
How? You’re a really early riser!

ምህረት
‘Early riser’ ቀድሞ የሚነቃ፥ ቀድሞ የሚነሳ ማለት ነው። Yeah, Sam, you’re always at work so early.

Sam
I’ve always been an early riser, so I just make sure I go to bed early. And I never use my phone, or computer, or drink any coffee before I go to bed.

Tom
Mmh, that might be my problem. I always have a coffee after my dinner...and then I can’t sleep...and then I’m exhausted the next day.

ምህረት
‘Exhausted’ የደከመ፥ የዛለ ማለት ነው። Coffee is not a good idea, Tom.

Sam
Yeah, you always look exhausted in the morning.

Tom
Thanks! That’s why I always need a coffee.

Sam
How many hours of sleep do you get, Tom?

Tom
Probably about 6 hours of sleep a night.

ምህረት
ይህ ቀደም ሲል ወዳነሳነው ጥያቄ ለመመለስ ጥሩ ጊዜ ነው። ከሁሉም የበለጠ ረጅም ጊዜ የሚተኛው ማን ነው?
ሀ) ገና የተወለዱ ጨቅላዎች
ለ) በአስራዎቹ ውስጥ ያሉ ታዳጊዎች
ሐ) አዛውንቶች
መልሱ ገና የተወለዱ ጨቅላዎች ናቸው የሚል ነው። በቀን ውስጥ ከ12 እስከ 18 ሰዓት የሚደርስ እንቅልፍ ያስፈልጋቸዋል። ታዳጊዎች ከ8.5 እስከ 9.5 ሰዓት ድረስ እንቅልፍ ሲያስፈልፋቸው አዛውንቶች የወጣቶችን ያህል እንቅልፍ ያሻቸዋል፥ ሆኖም ብዙ ጊዜ ሙሉ 8 ሰዓት ለመተኛት አይችሉም።

Sam
So, how can we make sure you get more sleep, Tom?

Tom
Well, you don’t need to worry about me, because I always have a lie-in at the weekend.

ምህረት
‘Have a lie-in’ ከእንቅልፍ ቢነቁም አልጋ ላይ መቆየት ማለት ነው። But do you think it’s possible to ‘catch up’ on sleep? ‘Catch up’ ማካካስ.

Sam
Yeah, I don’t think you can pay back the sleep you missed by having a lie-in.

ምህረት
And you need to stop drinking coffee...

Tom
Ok, you two, have you finished? I’m exhausted just listening to you now! In fact, I think I need a coffee.

ምህረት
እርስዎስ? በየምሽቱ የ8 ሰዓት እንቅልፍ ያገኛሉ ወይንስ ‘sleep-deprived’ ነዎት? በሳምንቱ መጨረሻ የእረፍት ቀናት በ‘having a lie-in’ ያሳልፋሉ? እና. . .
የዚህ ሳምንት ዝግጅታችንን አጠናቅቀን ከመሰናበታችን በፊት ዛሬ ያወራንባቸውን ቃላት እንመልከት፥ ሁሉም ከእንቅልፍ ጋር የተያያዙ ናቸው፤ እንልቅልፍ ያጠረው ‘sleep-deprived’ ፥ ቶሎ የሚነቃ ‘an early riser’፥ የዛለ ‘exhausted’፥ ከእንቅልፍ ከነቁ በኋላም እንዲሁ አልጋ ላይ መቆየት ‘to have a lie-in’።
አበራችሁን ስለነበራችሁ እናመሰግናለን፤ ለተጨማሪ የEnglish Together ዝግጅቶች በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

 

Meaning & Use

sleep-deprived (adjective)

If you are sleep-deprived it means that you are 'suffering from not enough sleep'. We use the verb 'to be'.
Doctors and nurses are often sleep-deprived because they work such long hours and often through the night.

The adjective sleep-deprived is made up of the words sleep, which is a noun here (but can also be a verb), and the adjective deprived. They are joined by a hyphen. Deprived comes from the verb to deprive, which means 'to prevent someone from having or using something'. 
If the drought continues, it will deprive the farmers, their animals and their land of much-needed water.

You can also use the noun deprivation, which means 'the lack of something considered to be a necessity'.
He is suffering from serious sleep deprivation at the moment - he hasn't been to bed for two days!

exhausted (adjective)

Exhausted means 'very tired'. 
She returned exhausted from a long day at work.

Because it describes an extreme feeling, it is not possible to make it stronger by using 'very', but we can use 'really' or 'absolutely'.
I just ran 5 miles for the first time in ages. I'm absolutely exhausted! 

an early riser (noun phrase)

An early riser is 'a person who gets up early in the morning'.
I wish I could be an early riser, but I've never been a morning person. I envy people who can get up early without difficulty!

to have a lie-in (noun phrase)

To have a lie-in means 'to stay in bed after the normal time that we get up'. 
I absolutely love having a lie-in on Sunday! It's my favourite thing about the weekend. 

A lie-in is the noun, and to lie in (without the hyphen) is the verb.
James finds it difficult to lie in beyond 8:00 o'clock on his days off. He's too used to getting up early for work.

Why do we need sleep?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

ਵਧਾਈ ਹੋਵੇ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਕੁਇਜ਼ ਪੂਰਾ ਕਰ ਲਿਆ
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਹਾਸਲ ਕੀਤੇ ਗਏ ਅੰਕ:
x / y

Over to you!

Do you get eight hours of sleep a night or are you 'sleep-deprived'? Do you like to 'have a lie-in' at the weekend? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ የEnglish Together ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Session Vocabulary

  • sleep-deprived
    እንቅልፍ ያጠረው

    exhausted
    የዛለ፥ የደከመ

    an early riser
    ቶሎ የሚነሳ፥ ከእንቅልፍ በማለዳ የሚነቃ

    to have a lie-in
    ከእንቅልፍ ነቅቶም አልጋ ላይ ጋደም ብሎ መቆየት

    to catch up
    ማካካስ

    heart disease
    የልብ ህመም

    diabetes
    የስኳር ህመም

    Alzheimer’s
    የመርሳት በሽታ